Anemia is a condition in which concentration of red blood cells or hemoglobin (the oxygen carrying pigment) is below normal.
This reduction of blood cells may be caused by blood loss, increased destruction or decreased production.
Types of anemia
Iron deficiency anemia – this is the most common form of anemia, iron is very essential for the bone marrow in the production of hemoglobin. Common cause of iron deficiency anemia is depletion of iron stores due to
- Prolonged or heavy menses
- Chronic blood loss due to an ulcer
- Deficiency of iron in diet
- Colorectal cancer
- Erosive gastritis
- Loss of blood due to hemorrhoids
- GIT bleeding after using certain medication (such as aspirin, NSAIDs)
- Bleeding due to kidney and bladder tumors
- Celiac disease (in which there is damage in the lining of the small intestine, causes malabsorption of iron ultimately leads to iron deficiency anemia)
Pernicious anemia – in which there is, impaired absorption of vitamin B12, leads to deficiency of vitamin B12 which stops the production of normal red blood cells in the bone marrow.
Megaloblastic anemia – to maintain a sufficient number of healthy red bleed cells, in addition to iron both folate and vitamin B12 are necessary. A deficiency in either or both of these vitamins may result in megaloblastic anemia.
Hemolytic anemia – develops due to premature and excessive destruction of the red blood cells in the blood stream.
Sickle cell anemia – is a inherited genetic disorder caused due to premature death of abnormal sickle shaped red blood cells resulting in chronic shortage of red blood cells.
Symptoms of anemia
Symptoms of anemia mainly include
- Shortness of breath
- Rapid breathing
- Rapid heart rate
- Lack of vital energy
- Chest pain
- Pale appearance
- Low blood pressure
- Coldness of the skin surface
- Heart murmurs
- Spleenimegaly may also be present with anemia
Investigation in case of anemia
- History- evaluation of history include age and sex, drug ingestion, occupation, diet, bleeding, family history, gastro intestinal symptoms, reproductive health or menstrual disturbances, urinary complains such as renal insufficiency, nervous disorders, bleeding tendency etc.
- Physical examination – mainly include
Skin- colors of skin, petechiae and echymosis. In the condition of pernicious anemia skin may have lemon yellow appearance, petechiae in anemia suggests aplastic anemia or leukemia.
Conjunctiva – show pallor due to anemia
Nails – nails brittle denotes chronic iron deficiency anemia
Mouth – petechiae in palate, cheeks, or tongue in aplastic anemia, and leukemia, hypertrophy of gums – in leukemia, acute glossitis, or smooth tongue in megaloblastic anemia and sometimes in iron deficiency anemia, ulceration of throat in acute aplastic anemia or in acute leukemia.
Cardio vascular system – hypertension in anemia due to renal insufficiency
Abdomen – spleenimegaly – common in leukemia, megaloblastic anemia, hemolytic anemia, abdominal lump – in carcinoma of stomach, chronic lymphatic leukemia.
Bone examination – bone tenderness may present due to anemia secondary to marrow infiltration
Lymph nodes – superficial nodes may be palpable in leukemia
Breasts – for evidence of carcinoma
Pelvic examination – useful in females with menorrhagia
Rectal examination – to diagnose hemorrhoids and rectal bleeding
Homeopathic treatment of anemia
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat anemia but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat anemia that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of anemia:
- Acetic acid – anemia with pale face and marked debility, frequent spells of fainting, and vomiting. Profuse urination and sweat
- Ferrum phos – anemia due to lack of iron, it promotes synthesis of hemoglobin.
- Calcaria phos – anemia in children who are pale but flabby, frequent attacks of tonsillitis
- Kali carb – lack of RBC’s in blood, weakness along with menstrual disturbances at the time of puberty, milky white skin with great debility, bloated face, with swelling above eyelids.
- Lecithinum – remarkable remedy for the cases of anemia, increases the number of red blood corpuscles and amount of hemoglobin
- Natrum Mur – pale face with palpitation, excellent remedy for anemia especially after malaria.
- Calcaria Ars – improves the condition of anemia by enhancing the number of red bold corpuscles and hemoglobin in the short time period.
- Pulsatilla – well known medicine for iron deficiency anemia
- Arsenic album – anemia with great prostration, weakness and restlessness, after malaria
- Nux Vomica – anemia caused due to indigestion, especially in those people who have sedentary life habits or given to high living
- Phosphorous – anemia due to renal disease
- Iridium met – anemia after long exhausting disease condition
- China – anemia due to loss of blood or vital fluids
- Silicea – anemia in infants
- Acid phos – anemia due to grief or loss of seminal fluids
- Ferrum met – pale appearance with loss of blood.
- Graphites – anemia with redness of face.