Arm pain refers to discomfort or pain in one or both arms. It can cause due to various abnormalities like in bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves and tissues. It may associate with swelling, tenderness, cramps, weakness and restriction of movement. We can classified arm pain in to two categories one is acute pain which is sudden in onset, sharp or may be dull, on the other hand chronic pain is deep in nature which persist for a long time and gradual in onset. Arm pain can be localized and can come from other regions referred pain. There can be various types of pain like pulsating, shooting, burning, pricking, pinching, stabbing etc.
Common causes of arm pain
Injury or trauma – To the arm can cause pain in the arm.
Over-stretching of muscles or muscle sprain – Causes arm pain.
Arthritis – It includes mainly osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and gout.
Compression of nerve – Can also cause arm pain.
Dislocation of the joint – This results in to severe arm pain
Tendonitis – Refers to inflammation of tendons.
Cellulites – Caused due to bacterial infection and may lead to gangrene, there is swelling redness and fever accompanied with pain. It is very common in diabetes patients.
Psychological – Feeling of pain without any obvious cause.
Diagnosis of Pain in Arm
History of complaints – History of injury, location, duration, intensity and extension of pain
Complete blood count
X- Ray – Shoulder, elbow, neck, wrist to rule out arthritis or fracture.
CT scan, MRI cervical spine – To diagnose damaged vertebrae, nerve root compression.
Treatment of Arm Pain
Homeopathic treatment of arm pain – Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat pain but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several well-proved medicines are available for arm pain treatment that can be selected on the basis of cause, location, sensation, modalities and extension of the pain. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. Some important remedies are given below for the treatment of joint pain:
- Hypericum – Excellent remedy for nerve pain especially after surgery or injury
- Arnica Mont – Acute pain after an injury along with sore bruised feeling
- Bryonia Alba. – Pain with inflammation which, is aggravated by movement and relieved by moderate pressure and rest.
- Rhus Tox - Arm pain especially due to overstretching or over lifting
- Alumina silicate. – Pain in the shoulder and arm, pain travels from below to upward.
Allopathic treatment – It includes mainly Analgesics, Anti inflammatory drugs etc.
Other modes of treatment for Pain in Arm – Mainly Physiotherapy, Ayurveda, Naturopathy (including Yoga and Meditation), Acupuncture, Acupressure.