Arthritis is a condition in which there is inflammation of one and more joints. There are many form of arthritis but osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are the most common forms. Arthritis is frequently accompanied by pain, swelling and stiffness. People of all age group may suffer from this condition.
Types of arthritis
Osteoarthritis – type of arthritis in which cartilage loses its elasticity, and becomes stiff. Due to stiffness damage can occur easily and along with this ligaments and tendons become stretched causes painful condition.
Rheumatoid arthritis – rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease which involves multiple joints in a symmetrical pattern, leads to permanent destruction or deformity of the joints. Presence of rheumatoid factor confirms the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis
Infectious arthritis – caused due to an infection in the synovial fluid or tissues of a joint often caused by bacteria, but sometimes viruses and fungi
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis – juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is the most common rheumatic disease in children, the etiology of JRA id unknown.
Causes of arthritis: Injury to the joint
• Overuse of joints
• Joint dislocation
• Bone tumors
• Some specific medical conditions such as rheumatic fever, turner syndrome, Kawasaki’s disease etc
Some specific disease conditions causes complaints of arthritis in children
• Rheumatic fever
• Sickle cell disease
• Turner syndrome
• Kawasaki disease
• Reactive arthritis
• Behcet disease
• Infective endocarditis
• Reiter syndrome
• Psoriatic arthritis
Symptoms of arthritis
• Joints pain
• Inflamed joints
• Redness and heat in joints
• Stiff joints
• Crackling sound
• Restricted movements
• Joints deformity
• Patients often experiences Fatigue, weakness, anorexia in cases of rheumatoid arthritis
• High temperature with or without chill may be a feature of septic arthritis
Diagnosis of arthritis
Arthritis is diagnosed on the basis of medical history, sign and symptoms, and physical examination.
Investigations to rule out arthritis mainly include
• CT scan
• Magnetic resonance imaging
• Urine tests
• Blood tests
• Tissue typing
• Examination of fluid from affected joint
• Muscle or skin biopsy
• Mantoux test
Homoeopathic treatment of arthritis
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat arthritis but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat arthritis that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of arthritis:
Acid flour – abnormal growth of bones; it softens the bones and absorbs the nodes; affected parts are red in color.
Apis Mel – excellent medicine for acute arthritis; affected part is red, shiny, and swollen; there is great tenderness of joints; pains are better by applying cold water.
Calcaria flour – defective bony growth, bones ulcerated; fistula; complaints worse in cold and better in warmth
Caulophyllum – cutting pain in joints, especially in finger joints, when closing the fist
Radium brom – remarkable remedy for chronic rheumatic arthritis; intense pain in all the limbs and joints, such as knee, ankles, arms, shoulders, fingers, calves, toes; better by continuous motion and cold air.
Rhus Tox – well known medicine for arthritis; complaints get worse in rainy, damp season and in winters; pain in joints with marked restlessness, stiffness along with tearing pain which is worse by rest and better by motion.
Bryonia Alba – joints are red, hot, and swollen. Pain in joints better by absolute rest and worse by least movement, rubbing, warmth, and in the morning
Colchicum – swelling and pain in the joints of finger and knee. Excellent remedy for post traumatic arthritis of small joints following fracture or surgery,
Ledum pal – arthritic deposits; swelling and stiffness in the joints; better by application of cold; chronic cases of arthritis
Pulsatilla – suited for gouty complaints of knee joints; boring pain in the heels towards evening
Symphytum – arthritis following an injury or fracture
Thuja – arthritic complaints in those patients who have history of gonorrhea.
Calcaria phos – arthritis with softness of bones with weakness of neck and shoulder; best suited to children; helps in development of bones.
Kalmia – excellent remedy for rheumatic patients when pain travels downwards with numbness; complaints of arthritis with palpitation of the heart
Cactus G – arthritis with edematous swelling of the extremities; cardiac rheumatism when heart is affected and joints are freed from pain
Guaiacum – complaints in syphilitic and tubercular patients; gouty abscesses of joints; intense swelling with pain in the joints which is worse by warmth; shooting type of pain from feet to knees; leg and ankle bones are especially affected; complaints ameliorated by cold bath and cold applications.
Calcaria carb – slow development of bony tissues, especially suited to fleshy people in which one part of the bone is nourished and other is underdeveloped; swelling and gouty nodules in hands and finger joints; pain and swelling in knee joint; complaints are worse by cold
Dulcamara – arthritic complaints from exposure to damp, cold , and getting wet; complaints in those patients who live in damp basements; arthritis due to suppression of perspiration
Kali carb – intense burning, stitching pain; backache along with great weakness and profuse sweating
Benzoic acid – it is an excellent remedy for arthritis especially for gout; wandering pains which change position suddenly
Oxalic acid – remedy for arthritis especially for left sided affections; violent pains in back down the thigh ameliorated by changing position
Along with medication rest, exercise, weight management and nutrition keep much importance in the management of arthritis. Now a day surgery has become more popular in the treatment of arthritis.