Aspergers syndrome is a developmental disorder characterized by severe impairments in reciprocal social interaction, the use of language for social discourse, a circumscribed interest in unusual subjects and difference in cognitive and social emotional skills that creates difficulty for an individual to understand their world and how to interact with it.
Individuals with Aspergers can exhibit a variety of characteristics and the disorder can range from mild to severe, they often have obsessive routines and may be preoccupied with a particular subject of interest. People with Aspergers tend to be “in their own world”. The onset of Aspergers commonly occurs after the age of 3. While language development seems, on the surface, normal, individuals with AS often have deficits in pragmatics and prosody (intonation in language). Vocabularies may be extraordinarily rich, however persons with AS can be extremely literal and have difficulty in using language in a social context.
Although symptoms of AS can be similar to autism, it is actually a different condition. The major difference between the two is that people with AS develop and can use language skills, while people with autism have severe delays in developing language skills as a child and some may never develop speech at all.
Causes of aspergers syndrome
- Neurobehavioral disorder – neurological dysfunction in the way the brain processes information.
- Genetics – high incidence of inheritance particularly with fathers and other first and second degree relatives.
- Medial frontal and temporal lobe dysfunction
- Difficulty with pre, peri and post natal condition that might have caused minimal brain damage
- Can also occur with disabilities such as cerebral palsy, attention deficit disorder, etc.
Symptoms of Aspergers
- Children with AS will talk endlessly about their subject of interest, often failing to come to a general point about it.
- They often do not recognize that the other person has lost interest in the topic.
- Areas of interest may be quite narrow, such as an obsession with train schedules, phone books, or collection of objects.
- Repeats words
- Single mindedness
- Cannot start an appropriate conversation or keep it going
- Social withdrawal
- Avoids eye contact
- Does not like changes in daily routine, changes in menu, etc.
- Do not express pleasure at other people’s happiness
- Does not understand other people’s facial expressions
- Has problem in making friends
- Repetitive hand flapping, twisting, or whole body movements
- Has difficulty in showing, bringing, or pointing out objects of interest to other people
- Lack of empathy
- May be bothered by loud noises, lights, or strong tastes or textures
- They do not recognize the need to change the volume of their voice in different settings
- Delays in being able to ride a bicycle, catch a ball, etc.
Diagnosis of AS
Can be diagnosed by testing child’s learning style, speech and language, IQ, social and motor skills and according to characteristic symptoms.
Standard Treatment of AS
Speech and language therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, physical and occupational therapy and social skills training will be helpful.
Homeopathic treatment of AS
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptom-similarity by using a holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained, by removing all the signs and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat AS but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several well-proved medicines are available for AS treatment that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensation and modalities (factors that improve or aggravate the patient). For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopath. Some important remedies are shown below for AS:
Chamomilla, Ignatia, Pulsatilla, Iodum, Hepar Sulph, Anacardium, Lycopodium, Causticum, Sanicula, Argentum Nit, Sulphur, Silicea, Bryonia, Antim Crudum and many other medicines.