What is dysentery?
Dysentery is a syndrome of abdominal pain, tenesmus, and diarrhea with viscid red white grains as well as pus and blood in the feces. It occurs most commonly in summer and autumn. When blood predominates it is known as “red dysentery”. If pus and blood are comparable in quantity it is known as: red and white dysentery.”
Causes of dysentery
Amebic dysentery is caused by Entamoeba histolytica and is common in the tropics or areas that use human excrement as fertilizer.
Bacillary dysentery is caused by bacterial organism, such as shigella, salmonella, or campylobacter, and usually seen in temperate zones. Bacterial dysentery is usually more severe than amebic dysentery.
Symptoms and side effects of dysentery
Amebic dysentery develops more slowly. It causes bloody diarrhea, abdominal pain, and flatulence. The incubation period of bacillary dysentery is from 12 to 36 hours. The patient will suffer abdominal pain and profuse diarrhea with mucus or blood. An occasional side effect of bacillary dysentery is arthritis affecting the knees or ankles.
Homeopathic treatment of dysentery
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat dysentery but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to cure dysentery that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of dysentery:
Aloe soc. – remarkable remedy for dysentery; stool contains a lot of jelly like mucus; burning and pain in the rectum after stools; patient is afraid of passing flatus, stool passes instead of flatus; bleeding from rectum.
Thuja – it is one of the best remedies for amoebic dysentery.
Mercurius cor – dysentery and summer complaints of intestinal canal; occurring from May to November; tenesmus: of rectum, not ameliorated by stool; incessant, persistent; stool hot; scanty, bloody, slimy, offensive; shreds of mucus membrane and terrible cutting, colicky pains.
Nux Vomica – frequent urging for stools ceasing as soon as the bowels move; Ineffectual desire
Cinnaberis – dysentery worse every night; bloody mucus stools; much straining; diarrhea with greenish stools, worse at night, protrusion of anus during stool.
Colocynth – in dysentery with tenesmus before the stool; Pain is ameliorated by bending double and hard pressure.
Aconite – complaints when the days are warm and the nights are cold; frequent stools with great tenesmus; small, painful, brown, bloody stools or pure blood passes without stools.
Apis Mel – excellent remedy for chronic dysentery; throbbing in rectum with sensation in anus as if it were stuffed full; infantile dysentery with frequent, painless, bloody stools, aggravation morning; prolapsus ani
Arsenic album – involuntary discharges from bowels of a foetid foul smell, like foul ulcers, with great prostration; evacuation of dark blood preceded by violent screaming, sensation as if the abdomen would burst, before stool.
Capsicum – dysentery in moist weather, aggravation from any current or air, even when warm; violent tenesmus of rectum and bladder at the same time; cutting, flatulent colic, twisting pains about navel, before stool.
Colchicum – great remedy for autumnal dysentery; bloody stool with deathly nausea from smelling cooking; great weakness and exhaustion as after exertion; very painful urging to stool, at first only a little faeces pass, afterwards transparent, gelatinous and very membranous mucus, with some relief of pain in abdomen.
Kali Bich – dysentery in spring or early part of summer; tenesmus during and after stool, with much debility and after stool
Nitric acid – diphtheric dysentery; ineffectual urging with burning in the rectum; stool bloody with mucus; putrid, mucus, after which the tenesmus continues, followed by headache
Muriatic acid –dysenteric stools; blood and slime separated; as soon as he begins to move strong urging compels haste, Stools profuse, dark brown.
ü Essentials of Chinese Medicine, Volume 3; Zhanwen Liu; 2009; 121
ü Lippincott’s Guide to Infectious Diseases; Lippincott; 2010; 94
ü Encyclopedia of Family Health; David B. Jacoby, R. M. Youngson; 2004; 533
ü Select your remedy, Rai Bahadur Bishambar Das; 2007; 303,304
ü Illustrated guide to the Homeopathic Treatment; Dr H.S Khaneja; 2010; 226,227
ü Allen’s keynotes, H.C Allen; 2004; 200
ü Homoeopathic Therapeutics; Samuel Lilienthal; 1998; 342.343