Ear infection is a common infection which is caused due to an invasion of bacteria or viruses in the ear. The ear is a complex structure consists of mainly three sections, inner ear, middle ear and outer ear. The ear infection in the inner ear called labyrinthitis, infection of middle ear is called otitis media and infection of outer ear is called otitis externa.
Ear infection occurs most commonly in the infants and young children. Although it may occur in adults but they are less common than children.
Ear infection occurs most often in the winters, may results from another illness such as cold, flu or allergy that causes congestion and swelling of the nasal passages, throat and Eustachian tube.
Risk factors of ear infection
Risk factors mainly include
- Cold climate
- Change in altitude or climate
- Recent illness, like upper respiratory infections
- Recent ear infections
- Exposure to smoke
- History of ear infection
Causes of ear infection
- Blockage of Eustachian tube
- Foreign body in the ear
- Glue ear
- Habit of picking and fiddling with ear
- Temporal lobe abscess
- Impacted wax
- Tobacco smoke
- Infected adenoid
- Excessive mucus and saliva produced during teething
- Acoustic neuroma
- Menier’s disease
- Use of cotton buds or ear plugs
- Exposure of hair spray or hair, colors to the ear.
Symptoms of ear infection
- Feeling of general illness
- Fullness in the ear
- Hearing loss in the affected ear
- Itching in the ear
- Discharge from the ear
Diagnosis of the ear infection
In most cases if someone is suffering from a cold or sore throat that suddenly gets worse, with ear pain and fever, then the diagnosis is likely to be otitis media, otitis externa can easily diagnosed by inspecting the ear canal, if infection is present ear canal will be red and there will be swelling on the ear lining, usually in the form of flaking skin.
Ear infection and homeopathy
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat ear infection but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several well-proved medicines are available for ear infection treatment that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensation and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. Some important remedies are given below for ear infection treatment:
Aconite, Belladonna, Chamomilla, Alium Cepa, Spigelia, Kali bichromicum, Hepar Sulph, Pulsatilla, Colocynth, Sulphur, Syphilinum, Pyroginum and many other medicines.