Genital herpes is an infection caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV). There are several types of HSV theta produce different ailments, including genital herpes, oral herpes, shingles, and chicken pox. The two most common forms of HSV are type 1 and 2. In type 1-the HSV most often known to cause oral herpes- cold sores or fever blister appear on the lips and mouth. HSV 2 is better known as the virus that causes genital herpes.
Causes of genital herpes
Having sex (intercourse or oral sex) with someone who is having a herpes outbreak, an outbreak means that HSV is active and usually causes visible sores in the genital area. The sores shed the virus that can infect another person. In some cases, a person may have an outbreak with no visible sores. They can still shed the virus and infect the other person.
Risk factor of genital herpes
Anyone who is sexually active is prone to genital herpes infection.
Sign and symptoms of genital herpes
After 3 to 7 days incubation period, fluid-filled vesicle appear, usually on the cervix (the primary infection site) and possibly on labia, perianal skin, vulva, or vagina of the female and on the glans penis, foreskin, or penile shaft of the male. Extra genital lesions may appear on the mouth or anus. In both males and females the vesicles, usually painless at first, will rupture and develop into extensive, shallow, painful ulcers, with redness, marked oedema, tender inguinal lymph nodes, and the characteristic yellow, oozing centers.
Initial feature of initial Mucocutaneous infection include fever, malaise, Dysuria, and, in females, leucorrhea. Rare complications (generally from extra genital lesions) include herpetic keratitis, which may lead to blindness, and potentially fatal herpetic encephalitis.
Diagnosis of genital herpes
The diagnosis of genital herpes can be made by the appearance of the lesions and a history of recurrent outbreaks. Viral cultures and serology can confirm the diagnosis, and these tests have supplanted the Tzanck smear. Testing for syphilis should be considered in all cases.
Complications of genital herpes
HSV infection can enhance the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus. Primary HSV infection can result in urinary retention. Neuralgia and meningioencephalitis. Disseminated or severe infection occurs in neonates and in immunocomromised patients.
Homeopathic treatment of genital herpes
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat genital herpes but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat genital herpes that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of genital herpes:
Nitric acid – herpes like eruptions or condylomata about genitals and anus; gonorrhea with chancres and warts; small blisters on orifice of urethra and inner surface of prepuce, forming chancre-like ulcers. Smarting sensation while urinating; violent horrible pains, much swelling and tenderness; burning in urethra, discharge sometimes bloody.
Sepia – burning itching, humid or scurfy herpes preputalis; chappy herpes, with a circular desquamation of skin; eruptions on glans and labia; indolent chancres; itching and dry eruptions on genitals, condylomata; chancres on glans and prepuce.
Petroleum – itching humid herpes on scrotom, between scrotom and thighs, on perineum, soreness and moisture on female genitals, with violent itching; itching herpes, followed by ulcers.
Sarsaparilla – herpes and offensive sweat about genitals; the skin lies in folds; eruptions are prone to appear in spring, their base inflamed, the crusts detach readily out of doors and the adjoining skin becomes chapped.
Hepar Sulph –genital herpes, sensitive, bleed easily. Ulcers externally on prepuce similar to chancre. Excitement and emission without amorous fancies. Itching of glans, fraenum, and scrotom, suppurating inguinal glands. figwarts of offensive odor. Humid soreness on genitals and between scrotom and thigh. Obstinate gonorrhea.
Other medicines for genital herpes mainly include:
Natrum Mur, Natrum Carb, Phosphoric Acid, Thuja, Rhus Tox, Dulcamara, Croton Tig, Graphites, Carbo Veg, Mercurius, Causticum, Arsenic Album.