What is anemia?
Anemia is a hematologic condition defined as an abnormal low concentration of blood hemoglobin. The most common cause of anemia is iron deficiency, but other micronutrient deficiencies, such as folic acid and vitamin B12 deficiency(during pregnancy low hemoglobin is very common due to above deficiencies), as well as other causes (chronic infection, inflammation, and hereditary hemoglobinopathies) can also coexist and contribute to the severity of the observed anemia.
Low hemoglobin symptoms or effects
Most common symptoms include fatigue, shortness of breath, dizziness, heart palpitations, and difficulty concentration, cold skin surface, rapid heart rate, pain in chest, paleness of skin, low vital energy, hypotension or low blood pressure. Symptoms may vary with the cause of low hemoglobin.
Investigation in case of low hemoglobin
- History- evaluation of history include age and sex, drug ingestion, occupation, diet, bleeding, family history, gastro intestinal symptoms, reproductive health or menstrual disturbances, urinary complains such as renal insufficiency, nervous disorders, bleeding tendency etc.
- Physical examination – mainly include
Skin- colors of skin, petechiae and echymosis. In the condition of pernicious anemia skin may have lemon yellow appearance, petechiae in anemia suggests aplastic anemia or leukemia.
Conjunctiva – show pallor due to anemia
Nails – nails brittle denotes chronic iron deficiency anemia
Mouth – petechiae in palate, cheeks, or tongue in aplastic anemia, and leukemia, hypertrophy of gums – in leukemia, acute glossitis, or smooth tongue in megaloblastic anemia and sometimes in iron deficiency anemia, ulceration of throat in acute aplastic anemia or in acute leukemia.
Cardio vascular system – hypertension in anemia due to renal insufficiency
Abdomen – splenomegaly – common in leukemia (can lead to dangerously low hemoglobin levels), megaloblastic anemia, hemolytic anemia, abdominal lump – in carcinoma of stomach, chronic lymphatic leukemia
Bone examination – bone tenderness may present due to anemia secondary to marrow infiltration
Lymph nodes – superficial nodes may be palpable in leukemia
Breasts – for evidence of carcinoma
Pelvic examination – useful in females with menorrhagia
Rectal examination – to diagnose hemorrhoids and rectal bleeding
Homeopathic treatment for low hemoglobin
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat low hemoglobin but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat low hemoglobin that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of low hemoglobin:
Arsenic Album, Borex, Calcaria Carb, Calcaria Phos, China, Ferrum Met, Ferrum Phos, Graphites, Kali Ars, Kali Phos, Medorrhinum, Mercurius, Natrum Mur, Nitric Acid, Phosphorous, Platina, Plumbum Met, Pulsatilla, Sulphuric Acid, Sulphur, Acetic Acid, Belladonna, Bryonia, Crotolus H, Nux Vomica, Natrum Phos, Natrum Sulph, Rhus Tox, Sepia, Secale Cor, Ignatia, and many other medicines.
Diet also plays an important in order to deal with low hemoglobin. Low hemoglobin diet mainly include Oysters, green leafy vegetables, chicken liver, enriched breakfast cereals, pumpkin seeds, baked potato etc.