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Mood Disorders / Affective Disorders — Depression, Mania, Bipolar Disorder



Hpathy Ezine, August, 2009 | Print This Post Print This Post |

Information about types or list of mood disorder, discussion about bipolar disorder, mood disorder symptoms, depression associated with mood disorder, homeopathy medicine or homeopathic treatment for mood disorder.

What are mood disorders?

Mood disorders are a class of disorders marked by emotional disturbance of varied kinds that may spill over to disrupt physical, perceptual, social, and thought processes.

The two key mood involved in mood disorders are mania, often characterized by intense and unrealistic feelings of excitement and euphoria, and depression, which usually involves feelings of extraordinary sadness and dejection. Some people experience both of these kinds of moods at one time or another, but other people experience only the depression. The mood states are often convinced to be at opposite ends of a mood continuum, with normal mood in the middle. Although this concept is accurate to a degree, sometimes, a patient may have symptoms of mania and depression during the same time period. In these mixed episode cases, the person experiences rapidly alternating moods such as sadness, euphoria, and irritability, all within the same episode of illness.

Unipolar disorders– in which patient experiences only depressive episodes

Bipolar episodes– in which patient experiences both manic and depressive episodes.

Comparisons of common symptoms in manic and depressive episodes

Characteristics Manic episodes Depressive episodes
Emotional Elated, euphoric, very sociable, at any hindrance. Gloomy, hopeless, socially withdrawn, irritable.
cognitive Characterized by racing thoughts, flight of ideas, desire for action, and impulsive behavior; talkative, self-confident; experiencing delusions of grandeur Characterized by slowness of thought processes, obsessive worrying, inability to make decisions, negative self-image, self-blame and delusions of guilt and disease.
motor Hyperactive, tireless, requiring less sleep than usual, showing increased sex drive and fluctuating appetite Less active, tired, experiencing difficulty in sleeping, showing decreased sex drive, and decreased appetite.

Homeopathic treatment of mood disorders

Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat mood disorders but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat mood disorders that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints.  For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of mood disorders:

 

Anacardium – foolish talks and foolish imaginations; patient is quarrelsome, and irritable because of loss of confidence in himself; acts stupidly and childish; laughs on serious matters, and vice versa; sensation as if he has two opposite wills, one compels him to do good things but other forbids;

Belladonna – derangement of the will faculty; amorous mania with sexual excitement; senseless talk with staring; protruding eyes; merry craziness; gives offense without any cause; wants to touch everything and everyone; irritable curses horrible; wants to drawn himself, or that somebody else should kill him; despondency and indifference.

Stramonium – loquacious delirium, with strange ideas; imbecility; talks with absent persons; behaves himself nasty and unclean; frightful fancies, all his features show fright and horror; religious mania, with pious looks; desire for light and company.

Arsenic album – tendency to self mutilation; feeling of worthlessness and despair; memory is weak; anger or dispute makes the patient furious; there is a tendency to rush of blood to the head with these melancholic states; fear of death, fear of being alone; exhaustive insanity and acute delirious mania; acute melancholia.

Hyoscyamus – patient acts silly and idiotic; is lascivious and lewd; throws the bed-clothes off and makes lewd and ridiculous gestures. Nymphomania. It is a good remedy for the bad effects of extreme jealousy, fright, disappointed love, etc. there is a condition of depression found under Hyoscyamus with debility and prostration.

Other medicines for mood disorder:

Carcinosin; Lachesis; Medorrhinum; Staphysagria; Psorinum; Argentum Met; Aurum Met; Platina; Thuja; Sepia; Agaricus;  Rhus Tox; Cimicifuga; Causticum and many other medicines.

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Comments

  1. Jayne

    July 6, 2010

    There is a type in this paragraph. Four words from the end. “Lat” should be “last”. :-)

    BIPOLAR DISORDER

    It is a mood disorder in which depression and manic symptoms occur simultaneously or in quick succession. It was previously known as ‘Manic Depressive Psychosis’. Each phase of mania and depression may lat for many months.

  2. RonPrice

    December 8, 2010

    I have written a 66,000 word a longitudinal, retrospective account of my bipolar disorder(BPD) going back to my conception in the last half of October 1943. The story continues up to the last half of October 2010. This statement, even at some 66,000 words, is still a work in progress, as they say these days, some 67 years. Neurobiological, neuropsychiatric and affective disorders like BPD are found in diverse forms as well as in a broad range of age of onset and in a specificity of symptoms. Little is still known about its pathogenesis, that is, the origin and development of the disease. What follows, although not at this site, is one person’s story, one person’s life experience of BPD, an illness that silently and not-so-silently shaped my life. It is a focused account on a part of my personal life-narrative with the many manifestations, the symptomology, of BPD as I experienced it. BPD shaped, but did not define all that has been my life. It was a medical affliction that made for a certain inconstancy in living, a certain impulsivity and much else. The story of that ‘much else’ is found in that account.

    I have joined this site to see and to learn about what homeopathy has to offer, although after all these years I am inclined to stay on my present medical cocktail. Still the information here is of interest and for that I thank the writers.-Ron

    1.3 I make reference to a strong genetic contribution to the aetiology of BPD, a genetic predisposition, a genetic susceptibility as a factor in the pathogenesis of BPD. A family history, what is sometimes referred to as a family pedigree, of affective disorder in a first-degree relative, in my case my mother(1904-1978) is relevant to this narrative. My mother had a mild case of what may very well have been BPD, at least I have come to think of her mood swings as falling into a significantly high place in what is sometimes called the BPD or affective spectrum during her 75 year life. Her mood-swing disability or affective disorder, though, was never given the formal medical diagnosis manic-depressive(MD), a term which developed from several concepts as early as the 1850s if not centuries before. The term MD was replaced in 1980 after my mother died in 1978 by the term BPD. In retrospect my mother exhibited symptoms which may be more accurately labelled: (a) explosive disorder disability, (b) neurotic disorder: anxiety state or (d) depressive disorder. I know nothing of the mental health of my mother’s parents or grandparents and so am unable to draw on what could be a useful knowledge base to explain the origins of my BPD.

    —————————————————————————————-
    Definition: Bipolar disorder (BPD) or manic-depressive disorder (also referred to as bipolar affective disorder or manic depression (MD)) is a psychiatric diagnosis that describes a category of mood disorders defined by the presence of one or more episodes of abnormally elevated energy levels, cognition, and mood and one or more depressive episodes. The elevated moods are clinically referred to as mania or, if milder, hypomania. Individuals who experience manic episodes also commonly experience depressive episodes or symptoms, or mixed episodes in which features of both mania and depression are present at the same time. There is a defect in the transmission of sense impressions to the brain, a flaw in communication. (See: Monica Ramirez Basco, The Bipolar Workbook: Tools for Controlling Your Mood Swings, 2006. p.viii).

    These episodes are usually separated by periods of “normal” mood, but in some individuals, depression and mania may rapidly alternate, known as rapid cycling. Extreme manic episodes can sometimes lead to psychotic symptoms such as delusions and hallucinations. BPD has now been subdivided into: bipolar I, bipolar II, cyclothymia, and some other types based on the nature and severity of mood episodes experienced. The range of types and experiences is often described as the bipolar spectrum. –See Bipolar Disorder, Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia.

    1.4 My father also suffered from what seems to me now, in retrospect, a mild case of what today is sometimes called intermittent explosive disorder(I.E.D.) or impulse control disorder(I.C.D.), as opposed to planned acts of violence or a simple temper. Given the rarity of I.C.D., it seems to me that my father had only a mild I.C.D. Other names for I.E.D. include: rage attacks, anger attacks and episodic dyscontrol. People with I.E.D. experience anger which is grossly disproportionate to the provocation or the precipitating psychosocial stressor. My father may
    have been exposed to this type of behaviour as a child and so his I.E.D. may have been learned rather than organic and brain-centred. There are also complications associated with the diagnosis of I.E.D. and they include job or financial loss. My father lost much money on the stock market in his late middle age, his late 50s and early 60s. My father was also genuinely upset, regretful, remorseful, bewildered or embarrassed by his impulsive and aggressive behavior. In my father’s late 60s, and perhaps at earlier stages in his life, his disorder also exhibited, or so it seems to me now in retrospect, co-morbidity perhaps due to his genuine sense of remorse, but I don’t know for sure. I know nothing, either, of the mental health of his parents or grandparents all born in the 19th century. My conclusions regarding my father’s emotional disability are largely tentative. Perhaps he just had a bad temper.

    1.4.1 About half of all patients with BPD have one parent who

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