A chronic disease of the central nervous system that affects the movements of the body. It is named for the doctor who first described it.
Causes of Parkinson’s disease
Most cases of Parkinson’s disease are causes by premature aging of deep seated brain cells in an area called the basal ganglia. The cells in the basal cell ganglia normally form a complex control system to coordinate muscle activity, the function of which is to allow smoothness of muscle movements. These movements include swinging of the arms when walking, making facial expressions, and positioning the limbs before standing up or walking. Difficulties occur when the brain cells that allow the body to perform these tasks die off prematurely.
Dopamine is a brain chemical that helps control normal muscle movement. With primary Parkinson’s disease less dopamine is produced due to a loss of cell function.
Secondary Parkinson’s disease can be due to drugs, brain injury, tumors, encephalitis, slow virus infection, some toxins, and carbon monoxide poisoning.
Sign and symptoms of Parkinson’s disease
- Muscle rigidity, loss of muscle movements, and insidious tremor beginning in the fingers that increased during stress or anxiety and decreases with purposeful movements and sleep.
- Muscle rigidity with resistance to passive muscle stretching, which may be uniform or jerky.
- Akinasia causing difficulty walking (gait that lacks normal parallel motion)
- High-pitched, monotone voice
- Drooling secondary to impaired regulation of motor function
- Masklike facial expression
- Loss of posture control
- Dysarthria (impaired speech due to a disturbance in muscle control), dysphagia (difficult swallowing or both).
- Eyes are fixed upward, with involuntary tonic movements
- Excessive sweating from impaired autonomic dysfunction
- Decreased motility of gastrointestinal and genitourinary smooth muscle
- Orthostatic hypotension
- Oily skin secondary to inappropriate androgen production controlled by the hypothalamic axis.
Diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease
Generally, laboratory data are of little value in identifying Parkinson’s; consequently, diagnosis is based on the patient’s age, history, and characteristic clinical picture.
Conclusive diagnosis is possible only after ruling out other causes of tremor, involution depression, cerebral arteriosclerosis and, in patients younger than age 30, intracranial tumors, Wilson’s disease, or drug toxicities.
Homeopathic treatment for Parkinson’s disease
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat Parkinson’s disease but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat Parkinson’s disease that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease:
Heloderma – Parkinson’s disease affecting the left side mostly with the feeling of prostration and coldness.
Stramonium – Parkinson’ s disease; tremor, muscular weakness and rigidity. Peculiar gait and shaking.
Magnesia phos – involuntary shaking of the hands.
Zincum met – violent trembling of the whole body, especially after mental emotions; twitching of children, chorea, paralysis of hands and feet; trembling of hands while writing.
Gelsemium – excellent remedy for Parkinson’s disease weakness and paralysis; especially of the muscles of the head. Staggering gait. Head remedy for tremors; mind sluggish and muscular system relaxed.
Ambra gresia – Parkinson’s disease with numbness of the parts of the body affected; especially indicated in the aged.
Lathyrus – tremors of upper extremities with paralytic weakness of the lower limbs; feels as if limbs are hard and contracted; limbs feel heavy; feels as if floor is irregular and is obliged to keep his eyes on the ground to guide his feet.
Agaricus Mus. – trembling itching and jerking; stiffness of muscles; itching of skin over the affected part and extreme sensitiveness over the spine; cannot bear touch.
Aurum Sulph – constant nodding of the head.
Causticum – unsteadiness of the muscles of the forearm and hand; numbness; loss of sensations of the hand.