Urinary infection is a bacterial infection that affects the urinary system which includes kidneys, ureters, the bladder, urethra, sphincter muscles and prostate gland. The infection is generally caused by bacteria E. coli. Urinary infection mainly characterized by painful micturation, frequent desire for urination, cloudy urine, haematuria, back and abdominal pain etc. population like older adults and people with a history kidney disease, kidney stones or illness like diabetes, AIDS are more prone to infection.
Factors associated with urinary infection
Uncomplicated urinary infection
- Bacterial virulence
- Sexual intercourse
Complicated urinary infection
- Urethral stricture
- Pelviuretric junction
- Prostate hypertrophy
- Uretric stricture
- Bladder neck obstruction
- Renal cysts
- Neuropathic bladder
- Renal scarring
- Uretric stent
- Diabetes mellitus
- Iron overload
Etiology of urinary infection
Bacteria most commonly enter urethra (ascending infection) but can enter via blood stream. Ascending infections account for most cases of uncomplicated cystitis and pyelonephritis, and usually involve organisms of normal bowel flora – E. coli. Staph. Saprophyticus is sometimes found in young women, and proteus mirabilis and Klebsiella pneumoniae are rare causes.
Sign and symptoms of urinary infection
- Haematuria or bloody urine
- Pain in abdomen
- Pain in back
- Frequent desire for urination
- Pain and burning during urination
- Cloudy urine
- Foul smelling urine
- General malaise and prostration
Diagnosis of urinary infection
- Ultrasonography of kidney and bladder and plain abdominal radiography to exclude stones and lubosacral defects
- Urine flow rate and post-void ultrasonography of bladder (to measure residual volume) in any patient with evidence of bladder outflow obstruction
- CT with contrast to exclude abscess if renal symptoms persist.
- IV pyelography gives important anatomical about the urinary tract
- MSU in patient with complicated urinary infection
Treatment of urinary infection
Treatment of urinary infection mainly depends upon the cause and the medical condition.
Homeopathic treatment of urinary infection
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat urinary infection but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several well-proved medicines are available for urinary infection treatment that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensation and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. Some important remedies are given below for urinary infection treatment:
Burning and soreness while urinating. Last drops scald. The urine is loaded with casts and is albuminous; Stinging pain is well marked in this medicine.
Constant desire to urinate, intolerable tenismus, cutting before, during and after urination, Urine is burning, scalding with cutting pains, and intolerable urging.
Characteristic symptoms are sensation as if ball is rolling in the bladder on turning over. The urine is almost black, frequent, foaming and dark; has to urinate on lying down, day or night; floating of black soot-like particles in the urine floating
The urging of urine is sudden and severe. Passage of urine with intense burning; there is sensation as if molten led is passing through the urethra. Urine discharge is very scanty, turbid, dirty brownish red color, and a peculiar smell of malt.
Spasmodic pains in the bladder after urinating. Haematuria after urination; Urine dribbles when emotionally upset. Heavy pressure and cramp in the bladder after urination; Urging to urinate on lying on back; Interrupted flow.
Tingling in urethra lasting for sometime after urinating; burning frequent urination; last drops causes violent burning; Urine starts and stops; or dribble after urination. Difficult to evacuate the urine in spell; There is mucus in the urine and not pus.
Slight pain in the right kidney, then in the left; Urgent desire to urinate sharp pains at the root of the penis; at the close of urination; Retention and dysuria during pregnancy; Urine is cloudy, albuminuria, Has to get up many times at night to urinate.
Allopathic treatment of urinary infection – mainly done through antibiotics.