“There are many ailments peculiar to the approach of old age which require special medical treatment, or the application of particular measures in which we homeopaths are often rewarded for the timely use of appropriate remedies, and the prompt employment of judicious means by seeing the flickering flame rekindle and valuable life considerably prolonged”
Elderly female in residential care home
There is no set age at which patients may be under the care of a geriatrician. Rather, this is determined by a profile of the typical problems that geriatrics focuses on.
The term geriatrics differs from gerontology. This is the study of the ageing process itself. The term comes from the Greek geron meaning “old man” and iatros meaning “healer”. However “Geriatrics” is considered by some as “Medical Gerontology”.
Differences between adult and geriatric medicine
Geriatrics differs from adult medicine in many respects. The body of an elderly person is substantially different physiologically from that of an adult. Old age is the period of manifestation of decline of the various organ systems in the body. This varies according to various reserves in the organs (e.g. Smokers consume their respiratory system reserve early and rapidly).
Many people cannot differentiate between disease and ageing effects (e.g. renal impairment may be a part of ageing but renal failure is not and urinary incontinence is not a part of normal ageing). Geriatricians aim at treating the disease and decreasing the effect of ageing on the elderly. Years of training and experience (above and beyond basic medical training) go into recognizing the difference between normal ageing and what is actually pathological.
The decline in physiological reserve in organs make the elderly vulnerable disease (as dehydration from a mild gastroenteritis) and liable to have complications from mild problems (Fever in elderly may cause confusion leading to a fall and fracture of neck of femur).
Functional ability, dependence and quality of life issues are of greater concern to geriatricians perhaps than to adult physicians. Treating an elderly person is not like treating an adult. A major difference between geriatrics and adult medicine is that the elderly sometimes cannot make decisions for themselves. The issues of power of attorney, privacy, legal responsibility, advance directives and informed consent must always be considered. Elder’s abuse is also a major concern in this age group. In a sense, geriatricians often have to “treat” the caregivers and sometimes, the family, rather than just the elder.
The elderly have specific issues as regard medications. They are particularly subjected to polypharmacy due to many causes. Some it is because they have multiple medical disorders, or use many herb & OTCs, and some adult physicians just prescribe medications to their specific specialty not reviewing other medications used by the elder. The polypharmacy may result in drug interactions including adverse reactions. Also, drugs are excreted mostly by the kidneys or liver, which may be impaired in the elderly and therefore medication might need to be adjusted.
Presentations of diseases in the elderly may be vague and non-specific or present with delirium. Pneumonia may present with low grade fever, dehydration, confusion. Some elderly may find difficulty expressing their symptoms especially if the disease is active and causing confusion or if they have cognitive impairment. Delirium in the elderly may be caused by anything from constipation to a serious problem like myocardial infarction.
Geriatrics giants and elderly diseases
‘Geriatric giants’ are immobility, instability, incontinence and impaired intellect/memory. Health issues in older adults may also include elderly care, delirium, use of multiple medications, impaired vision and hearing.
Psychology of life
“Youth is not a time of life – it is a state of mind. It is not a matter of ripe cheeks, red lips and supple knees; it is a temper of the will, a quality of the imagination, vigor of the emotions, it is a freshness of the deep spring of life. Youth means a temperamental predominance of courage over timidity, of the appetite for adventure over love of ease. If you do not wish to grow old, quit thinking and acting as if you were ageing. Instead of walking drooped shoulders and with a slow dragging gait, straighten up and put elasticity into your steps.
Work, kindness, love, sympathy, helpfulness, interest, they are the eternal youth essences. These never age, and if you make friends with them, they will act as leaven in your life, enriching your nature, sweetening and ennobling your character and prolonging your youth even to the century mark”.
Causes of illness and early ageing
We are eating foods modified by the use of sprays, dusts and washes and grown with synthetic fertilizers. We are taking synthetic vitamins and our children are being immunized against small pox, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, typhoid fever etc. According to all our crude tests, these preparations are all free from any or all disease manifestations. All these things help to increase the life span but are leaving a great number of suppressions with a marked increase of neurosis and accompanying diseases.
If you are unwell give homeopathy a trial, and it will not disappoint you. It will save you time, trouble and money. Further, it is a fact that in patients with cardio-vascular or heart conditions, hypertension or local disorders, good homeopathic prescribing can prolong lives and keep you working longer and give you more comfort than any other method of treatment. It is again a fact that the people who take homeopathic treatment regularly in life are less likely to develop heart troubles or at least will develop them much later in life.
Ambra Grisea: This is a great remedy for the aged with impairment of all functions, weakness, coldness and numbness, usually of single parts, fingers, arms etc. Thinking is difficult in the morning.
Anacardium Orientale: It is a remedy for those who are exhausted be it after serious illness, sexual excesses or the breaking down processes in old age. The greedy, suspicious, malicious old man can use this remedy for all his physical and mental symptoms. Amelioration through eating is a leading symptom.
Antimonium Tartaricum: In old people who have catarrh of the chest for years when every sharp cold spell in the winter brings on catarrh of the chest with thick white mucus attended with great dysponea . They must sit up and be fanned, cannot lie down, due to difficulty breathing and filling up of the chest. Antimonium tart will ease him over a number of these attacks before he dies. When the expectoration is yellow, Ant Tart will tide him over a good many winters.
Bacillinum: Lungs problems of old people with chronic catarrhal condition and enfeebled pulmonary circulation.
Baryta Carbonica: It is adapted to the aged with mental and physical weakness, mental exhaustion, stupor, groaning, murmuring. Childish behaviour of old people.
Crotalus Horridus: Nutritional trouble of old age. It is useful in senile dementia with forgetfulness of figures, names of places. Antipathy to his family; he imagines himself as if surrounded by foes or by hideous animals.
Hyoscyamus: Spasmodic cough in old people at night from continuous tickling in throat as if palate were too long.
Hydrastis: Bronchitis with thick yellow tenacious stringy phlegm in exhausted old people.
Senega: Profuse secretion of mucus in the lungs of old people with loose rattling cough.
Agaricus Muscarious: In old people with indolent circulation; especially for headaches headaches of drunkards.
GENERALS – OLD AGE – old people; in
AMBR. Ammc. Anac. Ant-c. ant-t. Arg-n. Arn. Ars.. AUR. BAR-C. Bar-m. Bry.. Calc-p.. cann-i.. Carb-an. Carb-v.. Caust. Cham. COCA cocc. coff. Colch. Con.. Fl-ac. Graph. Hydr. Iod. Irid-met. Iris. KALI-C. kreos. LACH. LYC. Mill. nat-c. Nat-m.. Nit-ac.. OP. Ov. Phos.. SEC. SEL. Seneg.. Sil.. TEUCR. Verat..
GENERALS – OLD AGE – premature
Agn. Ambr.. Aur. Bar-c. Con.. Cupr.. Fl-ac.. Kali-c.. LACH. SEL. Vip.
GENERALS – OLD AGE – old people; in – bachelors; old
GENERALS – OLD AGE – old people; in – maids; old
bov. cocc. con. lil-t. mag-m. plat.
GENERALS – OLD AGE – old people; in – men; old
bar-c. sabal Sel.
GENERALS – OLD AGE – old people; in – women; old – thin, scrawny
GENERALS – ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE
alum. cordyc. hell. nux-m. zinc.
GENERALS – PARALYSIS – old people; in
Bar-c. Con. Kali-c. OP.
GENERALS – WEAKNESS – old people; in
Ambr. BAR-C.. Con. Cur.. Nux-m.. Phos.. Sel. Sul-ac.
GENERALS – EMACIATION – old people; in
Ambr. anac. BAR-C. carb-v. chin. chinin-s. Fl-ac. IOD. LYC. nit-ac. op. rhus-t. Sec. Sel. Sil.
GENERALS – HEAT – lack of vital heat – old people; in
GENERALS – ARTERIOSCLEROSIS – old people; in
GENERALS – TREMBLING – Externally – old people; in