The immense importance of EMR in the modern world is well known. It has both positive and negative effects on living beings. It is used in mobiles, TV, RADAR etc. and has extensive use in medical investigations such as X-Ray and MRI and is used in radiotherapy of cancer due to its destructive aspect. Though radiation is not used directly in homeopathic treatment, the properties of EMR are used in making homeopathic remedies. In our earlier work we have shown the principles behind the preparation of homeopathic Imponderabilias ( X-ray , Luna etc) as they relate to Electromagnetic Radiation1. However it still remains unexplained how the EMR is able to induce emf, and current in the water molecules of the medicinal Imponderabilia. To explain this we performed the following experiment :
Case 1: A transistor radio set fitted with antenna and an LED (Light emitting diode ) fitted to the receiver of the radio is used. The LED glows brightly on matching of frequency (due to resonance) with the frequency of the transmitter of the radio station. The radio is tuned to read a specific frequency (SW).
Observations: When the radio receives the signal clearly, the LED is found to glow brightly.
Case 2: The hand is brought near the Antenna of the Radio.
Observations: A distorted sound is produced in the speaker of the radio with blinking of the LED.
Case 3: When the radio is fine tuned and sounds clear again, the emf at the terminals of the LED is measured and found to be about 1.88 volts (as shown at Sl. No. 1 in table below). The external antenna is then removed.
Observations: On removal of the antenna the LED failed to glow and emf at the terminal of the LED is measured and found to be about 0.05 volts (as shown at Sl. No. 2 in table below)
Case 4: On removal of external Antenna the metallic junction, that connects the external antenna to the receiver through a connecting wire, is touched with a forefinger.
Observations: The LED is found to glow brightly and emf at the terminal of the LED is found to be 1.86 volts (as shown at Sl. No. 3 in table below).
Case 5: This experiment is performed after removal of the external antenna. In this case the palm is brought in close proximity (a distance of about 3 to 4 cm) to the metallic junction/receiver unit of the radio without touching it.
Observations: The LED is found to glow, though not brightly, with its terminal emf being about 1.56 volts. (as shown at Sl. No. 4 in table below).
Case 6: This experiment is also performed after removal of the external antenna. A graphite rod is connected through a connecting wire to the metallic junction and the radio is set to SW frequency.
Observations: A moderate sound is observed, but as soon as the graphite rod is either touched by the forefinger (condition 1) or dipped in a beaker containing water (condition 2) severe distortion in sound is noticed (Fig 2).
|Sl. No.||Applied Condition||emf (in volts) of the terminals where the LED is connected to receiver of the radio||Condition of LED|
|1||With External antenna||1.88 volts||LED glows brightly|
|2||External antenna removed||0.05 volts||LED do not glows|
|3||External antenna removed. Metallic junction, where external antenna is connected to receiver through a connecting wire, is touched with finger tip.||1.86 volts||LED glows brightly|
|4||External antenna removed. Finger tip is kept at about 3 to 4cm from the metallic junction (i.e. without even touching the metallic junction)||1.56 volts||LED glows but not brightly|
Discussions: In case 1 the antenna fitted to the receiver of a radio receives the radio waves (Electromagnetic Signals) and converts them into electrical impulses that are further processed in the system (Fig 1). While receiving radio waves,the antenna intercepts electromagnetic radio signals and converts them to minute AC (alternating currents) and forwards that to the receiver. This is due to the fact that oscillating electric and magnetic fields of an incoming electromagnetic radiation (radio signal) when intercepted induce minute alternating currents (i.e. oscillating current) on the surface of the electrical conductor by exciting the electrons of the conductor, as per the Laws of electromagnetic induction. The effect is referred to as the Skin effect.
Whereas in case 2, when the hand is brought near the antenna, the sound of the radio is distorted and the LED starts blinking. But on removal of the hand, no more distortion or blinking is found. This is due to the fact that current circulating in the antenna (due to EMR) generally induces a voltage, hence current, across the feedpoint of nearby antennas or antenna elements. Here the body acts as one such antenna that induces a voltage in the actual antenna creating distortion in sound and blinking of the LED.
In case 3 on total removal of the external antenna, the system did not work for want of any source of induced current, i.e. absence of antenna. But in case 4 as soon as the metallic junction connected to the receiver through a wire is touched with a finger tip, the LED glows brightly and system (radio) works properly. It seems that the body has performed the same function as the usual antenna in converting electromagnetic signals into minute currents. I.e., here also the body behaved like an antenna. In case 5 it is observed that even without touching the metallic junction and only placing the palm in close proximity of the metallic junction or receiver, the LED glows, confirming an induced voltage in the circuit of the receiver. This can also be explained by the fact that current circulating in one antenna (due to EMR) generally induces a voltage, hence current, across the feedpoint of nearby antennas or antenna elements. Here, the current circulating in the human body (which now acts as an antenna) induces a voltage across the feedpoint of the metallic junction /receiver unit, being the nearby antenna of the radio. In case 6 the severe distortion of sound produced by the radio set for both the applied conditions i.e. when the graphite rod is touched with a finger tip (condition1) and when the graphite rod is dipped in water (condition 2), confirms beyond a doubt that some electrical impulse is definitely induced both in the human body and the water (in the beaker) due to EMR that is fed through the graphite rod and connecting wire to the receiver of the radio (Fig 2).
Still the question remains, how does the living body or the water in the beaker act as an antenna? As per Faraday’s Law of Electromagnetic Induction, whenever a conductor is placed in a varying magnetic field, emf is induced, which is called induced emf. If the conductor circuit is closed, a current is also induced which is called induced current. Thus, a living body also behaves as an electrical conductor due to the presence of water that carries electrical energy through orientation of water molecules2 by delocalization of electrons 3. Moreover, owing to the formation of different zones 4,different closed circuits of water molecules often prevail in water. As per said Law, a minute current is induced in the human body by the varying magnetic field of electromagnetic radiation (radio waves being one such wave) due to movement of electrons (delocalization) through orientation of the water molecules and formation of local circuits in different zones in water. Thus EMR not only excites the electrons of the metallic antenna, but also excites the electrons of various molecules, especially water molecules, present in the living body that is further delocalized through orientation of water molecules producing electrical current in the body, and makes the body behave as an antenna.
Inference: Electromagnetic radiation induces electric current in water and in the living body by delocalization of electrons through orientation of water molecules.
 Electromagnetic Radiation as a source of Homeopathic Medicines -Imponderabilia ,Ruhul Amin and Biplab Chakraborty (Published in Homeopathy 4 Everyone Mar 2012 www.hpathy.com The Key to Homeopathic Dilution , Ruhul Amin and Biplab Chakraborty (Published in Homeopathy 4 Everyone Nov 2012 www.hpathy.com  Delocalization of Electrons Through Orientations of Water Molecules Helps Electrical Conduction In Water ,Ruhul Amin and Biplab Chakraborty (Published in Homeopathy 4 Everyone Mar 2014www.hpathy.com The Science Behind Retention of Electrical Energy by Water, Ruhul Amin and Biplab Chakraborty (Published in Homeopathy 4 Everyone Oct 2012 www.hpathy.com