The Homeopathy Research Center is intended to provide information about all the historical and current research related to homeopathy and homeopathic medicines at one place.

    If you have access to any research paper dealing with the physical basis of homeopathy, clinical and biological experiments, thoritical discussions on the scientific validity of homeopathy, requirement of research in homeopathy and scientific protocols, please send them to us at The more information we share with each other, the more we will grow together!

  1. Lionel Milgrom

    A Geometrical Description of PPR Entanglement and the Curative Homeopathic Process

    Introduction: The Memory of Water, a 'local' explanation of homeopathy's efficacy, has been supplemented recently by complementary 'non-local' hypotheses. One of these envisages a form of quantum macro-entanglement between patient, practitioner, and remedy to form a so-called 'PPR' entangled state, from which the possibility of cure may manifest. Method: Semiotic analysis affords a geometrical description of this entangled state as a patient-centred chiral tetrahedron. Its four corners depict three different types of symptoms (of the patient, the dis-ease, and the remedial substance) and the potentised remedy. Results: Reflecting this state in a practitioner-derived mirror-like 'therapeutic state space' generates two notional patient-centred chiral tetrahedra: cure may be thought to arise from their patient-driven combination 'through the looking glass' of the therapeutic state space, into one polyhedron called a stella octangula or stellated octahedron; in essence, a 3-D Star of David. Conclusion: The practitioner may help in forming these notional semiotic polyhedra, but the patient is at their epi-centres, i.e., the practitioner facilitates but does not control the curative process. To cite this article: Lionel R. Milgrom. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. April 2008, 14(3): 329-339. doi:10.1089/acm.2007.0674.
  2. Paolo Bellavite

    Immunology and Homeopathy: The Rationale of the ‘Simile’

    The foundation of homeopathic medicine is the 'Similia Principle', also known as the 'Principle of Similarity' or also as the 'Simile', which reflects the inversion of pharmacological effects in healthy subjects as compared with sick ones. This article describes the inversion of effects, a widespread medical phenomenon, through three possible mechanisms: non-linearity of dose-response relationship, different initial pathophysiological states of the organism, and pharmacodynamics of body response to the medicine. Based on the systemic networks which play an important role in response to stress, a unitary and general model is designed: homeopathic medicines could interact with sensitive (primed) regulation systems through complex information, which simulate the disorders of natural disease. Reorganization of regulation systems, through a coherent response to the medicine, could pave the way to the healing of the cellular, tissue and neuro-immuno-endocrine homeodynamics. Preliminary evidence is suggesting that even ultra-low doses and high-dilutions of drugs may incorporate structural or frequency information and interact with chaotic dynamics and physical-electromagnetic levels of regulation. From the clinical standpoint, the 'simile' can be regarded as a heuristic principle, according to which the detailed knowledge of pathogenic effects of drugs, associated with careful analysis of signs and symptoms of the ill subject, could assist in identifying homeopathic remedies with high grade of specificity for the individual case. Keywords: action - reaction principle - biologic networks - homeopathic medicine - hormesis - inverse effects - paradoxical pharmacology - response to stress - self-organization - Similia principle - Wilder's rule -------------------------------------------------------------------------- The article was initially published in Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine : eCAM. Please cite the original source as - Bellavite, P., Ortolani, R., Pontarollo, F., Pitari, G., Conforti, A. (2007). Immunology and Homeopathy. 5. The Rationale of the 'Simile'. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 4: 149-163
  3. Lionel Milgrom

    Is a unified theory of homeopathy and conventional medicine possible?

    Introduction: Could theoretical links exist between homeopathy and conventional medicine? In homeopathy there is the ancient concept of a self-regulating Vital Force (Vf), disturbance of which results in dis-ease as observed in multi-levelled symptom expression. Treatment attempts to aid the Vf as it attempts to restore holistic balance. Conventional medicine (allopathy) takes a more deterministic view, considering external agents (viruses, bacteria, etc) or internal biochemical imbalances (e.g., genetic abnormalities) as causes of disease. Treatment is therefore geared towards eradicating these causative factors, sometimes at the expense of the homeostatic immune system. Method: A previous mathematical metaphor described the Vf as a quantised gyroscopic 'wave function', equating strength of symptom expression to degree of Vf gyroscopic 'precession'. Diseases and homeopathic remedies are interpreted respectively as braking and accelerating 'torques' on Vf 'angular momentum'. Here, approximations applied to the Vf 'wave function' provide insights into why conventional medicine dismisses the action of highly potentised homeopathic remedies. In addition, a simple geometric force diagram provides another mathematical metaphor for allopathic drug action and immune system reaction. Results: The two mathematical metaphors converge on the same result: that from a conventional medical perspective, homeopathic remedies potentised beyond Avogadro's number should exert no clinically observable effects. Conclusion: Following the logic of these metaphors, conventional medicine could be seen as a special case of a broader therapeutic paradigm also containing homeopathy. To cite this article: Lionel R. Milgrom. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. September 2007, 13(7): 759-770. doi:10.1089/acm.2006.6369.
  4. Manish Bhatia

    Lionel Milgrom

    Lionel Milgrom, a scientist and researcher, well known in homeopathic research circles for his constant efforts to explore and understand many research issues related to homeopathy, interviewed by Dr. Manish Bhatia