Syllabus

B.H.M.S SYLLABUS GENERAL PATHOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY

Study of Pathology must be in relation with Concept of Miasm as evolved by Dr. Hahnemann and further developed by Kent, Boger, Robert and Allen. Concept of Miasm in view of Pathology. Reference to Koch’s Postulate. importance of susceptibility and immunity thereby homoeopathic concept of Disease and Cure.


    • Characteristic expression of each miasm.
      Classification of symptoms/disease according to Pathology.
      Correlation of Miasm and Pathoiogy for e.g. Psora – inflammation etc.
      Natural evolution in Pathology.
      Resolution – Inflammatory exudative.
      Degeneration. Suppurative.
      Interpretation of Pathological report of all diseases and correlate the utility of it in.
      Homoeopathic system of Medicine.

Similarly all the topics in Genera! Pathology and Systemic Pathology must be co-related, at each juncture, so that the importance of Pathology is understood by a Under-Graduate student in Homoeopathy.
Topics of General Pathology in Relation with Miasms.

    • Inflamation.                              Repair Healing Injury
      Immunity.
      Degeneration.
      Neoplasm.
      Thrombosis.
      Embolism.
      Oedema.
      Disturbance of Pigment Metabolism.
      Calcium Metabolism.
      Uric Acid Metabolism.
      AmminoAdd Metabolism.
      Carbohydrate Metabolism.
      Fat Metabolism.
      Healing.
      Hypertrophy.
      Hyperplaisa.
      Anaplasia.
      Metaplasia.
      Ischaemia.
      Haemorrhage.
      Shock.
      Atrophy.
      Relaxation.
      Hyperemia.
      Infection.
      Pyrexia.
      Necrosis.
      Gangrene.
      Infarction


SYSTEMIC PATHOLOGY.

. In each system the important and common disease should be done. By keeping in view i of presentation, progress and outcome of the disease. For e.g. in Alimentary System

Tongue
Oral Cavity
Oesophagus
Stomach

Duodenum

Intenstine Small and Large

Appendix
Liver

Gall Bladder

Pancreas

Cardio Vascular Disease
Central Nervous Disease
Respiratory Disorders
Kidneys

Genitals Male and Female

Skeletal and Muscular Disease
Skin

Clinical Pathology

Ulcer, Tumour
Thrush, Tumour
Inflammatory Disease, Tumour
Inflammatory Disease
Auto Immune Disease
Tumour
Inflammatory Disease, Acid Pepsin Digestion.
Ulcers, Infection,
Tumour, Malabsorption.
Inflammatory Disease
Inflammatory Disease
Tumours
Cirrhosis
Jaundice
Inflammatory Disease
Tumour
Inflammatory Disease
Tumour
Common Disorder
Common Disorders
Common Disease
Common Disorders
Tumours
Urodynamics
Common Disorder
Tumours
Common Disorders
Common Disorders, Melanoma,
etc.
Complete Haematology.

Practical
Clinical and Chemical Pathology:
Estimation of hemoglobin (by acidometry) – Count of R.B.Cs. and W.B.Cs. Staining of thin and thick films, differential counts and parasites.
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, urine, physical, chemical microscopically, quantity of albumin and sugar, faeces-physical chemical (occult blood) add microcosmical for ova and protozoa.
Methods of sterilization, preparation of a media, use of microscope Gram and acid fast stains. Motility preparation. Gram positive and negative. positive and negative cocci and bacilli. Special stains for corynebacterium –gram and acid fast stains of pus and sputum.

Haconkey’s plate-sugar reactions-gram and motility of gram negative intestinal bacteria, Widal and demonstration of pasteur and of spirochaetes by dark field illumination. Fountain’s strain-Lovaditt’s stain. Demonstration of Methods of nacrobiosis.

2. VIROLOGY:
Diagnosis’ of Infectious Diseases host Parasite Relationship. Disinfectants. Mode of action. Practical aspects of Immunology i.e. Application in diagnosis, Passive Immunization, Immunopatnies in brief including AIDS Bacteria Genetics (briefly) .
KIDNEY BLADDER URETER URETHRA

    • Glemerulo Nephritis .
      Pyelonephritis .
      Tuberecuiar Pyelonephritis .
      Nephrotic Syndrom.
      Metabolic Diseases and Kidney.
      Systemic diseases and Kidney. .
      Acute and Chronic Renal Failure
      Kidney Tumours
      Calculi.
      Cystitis.
      Ureteric Stncture
      Urethritis., Specific and Non Specific.
      Renal Function Test in Relation to Homoeopathy.

CARDIO VASCULAR DISEASES
    Ischaemic Heart Disease.
    Rheumatic Heart Disease.
    Valvular Heart Disease.
    Hypertension.
    Cardiomyopathy.
    Infective Endocarditis.
    Congestive Cardiac Failure.
    Diseases of Pericardium.
    Cardiogenis Shock.
MALE AND FEMALE GENITAL DESEASE

    • Testicular Tumers
      Acute and Chronic Prostatitis
      Prostatic Tummers.
      Sterity
      OA PANIS
      ovanan tumer
      Fibroids
      CA CERVIX
      Infertility
      Endometesis and Endometrium.
      Breast Inflamation and Tumers.

RESPERATORY DISEASES

    • Pulmonary function test
      Bronchial Asthma
      Bronchitis
      Bronochiactesis
      Emphysema
      Empyema
      Cor. Pulmonari
      Pneumonia
      Bronchogenic Carcinoma
      Interstitial Lung Diseases
      Gastro Intestinal Diseases
      Tongue, Stomatitis, Ulcers, Tumours
      Oesophagus, Reflex Oesophagitis
      Tumour of Oesophagus
      Stomach, Gastritis, CA Stomach, Gastric Ulcers
      Liver Cirrhosis, Hepatitis, CA Liver
      Liver abscess.
      Liver Function Test
      Gall Stones
      Pancreas Acute and Chronic Pancreatitis, CA pancreas
      Intestines Ulcers, Duodenal colics, CA Colon and Rectum
      Tumours
      Mal absorption Syndrome
      Infections
      Appendix, Acute Appendicitis.

SKIN DISEASE

    • Infection And Tumers

BONES DISEAS

    • Sarcoma , Osteoma, Pagets Diseases
      Osteomyelities , Tuberculer , Osteomyelitis
      Rheumatoid Arthritis Osteo Arthritis

GENERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM

    • Meningitis Pyogenic/ Tubercular

CEREBRO SPINAL FLUDE

    • Picture of various Diseases.

ENDOCRINAL SYSTEM

    • Thyroid Disease Mellitus.

1ST – PAPER GENERAL SYSTEMATIC PATHOLOGY AND MIASMS
2ND – BACTERIOLOGY, PARASITOLOGY AND CLINICAL PATHOLOGY
(Each Divided into Two Sections)
Pathology Practical

    • Experimental/Microbiological Spots Reading and Interpretation of Pathological Reports

Histopathology

Common teaching slide from each systems, Demonstration of gross Pathological specimen. Practica demonstration of Histopathiogical techniques i.e. Fixation. Embedding.

Sectioning staining by common dyes and strain.
Frozen section. Its importance.
Electron Microscopy.
Phase contrast microscopy.

1. Bacteriology:
Morphology, biology, sterilization, chemotherapy, principles of artificial media, infection, defence reaction, immunity, hypersensitiveness, skin tests, systematic study of bacterial habits, importance-morphological, cultural, bio-chemical, serological and toxic behaviour of the common pathogenic and nonpathogenic species. Pathologic changes produced by diseases-bacteria and their laboratory diagnosis. Staphylococci, streptococci, diplococcei, Neisseria, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (types) Mycobacterium leprae, names and differentiation of spirochetes from pathogenic mycobacterium, corynebacterium diphtherae. Aerobic spore bearing bacteria-Bacillus anthracis, anaerobes, general and special features of the pathogens. Names of some importance non-pathogens. Gram negative intestinal bacteria classification, identification of the pathogen Salmonella, Vibrio bacterium, Pasterurella, general idea about haemophiles, Pseudomonas, Brucella, Ricketsia, Proteus, spirochaetes-general idea details of Treponema pallidum and leptospiraictero haemorrhagica.
Viruses-general characters, classification of disease e.g. varecella, Rabies, Bacteriophage Kouch’s postulates.
2. Parasitology:
Protozoa-classification names of important rhizopoda, Ent. histolytica, morphology, pathogenesis and pathogenecity, diagnosis, differences from Ent. coli sporozea species of plasmodia life history and pathogenesis
differentiation of species.
Mastigophora-generai broad morphological features classification, oathogenesis. vectors, pathology of Kala-Azar, important Teaiures source Disease aue to baiantiaium coii.
Heiimnths-definilion of certain terms, simple classification, differences between nematodes cestodoes and treamatodes Broad differentiating morphological features and broad life history and pathogenesis of important species. Cestoaes and Nematodes-mfecting liver, lungs, intestines and blood-general differences between schislosomes and other trematodes

About the author

Manisha Bhatia

Manisha Bhatia

Dr. Manisha Bhatia, M.D. (Hom) is a leading homeopathy physician working in Rajasthan, India. She has studied with George Vithoulkas through the IACH e-learning course. She is Director of Asha Homeopathy Medical Center, Jaipur and is also a Lecturer of Homeopathic Repertory at S.K. Homeopathy Medical College, Jaipur. She is also a Director of Hpathy.com. Find more about her at www.doctorbhatia.com

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