|INTRODUCTION TO SCIENCE OF HOMEOPATHY|
|Organon Philosophy is a vital subject which builds up the conceptual base fro the Physician. It illustrates those principals whichn when applied in practice enable the Physician to obtain results, which he can explain rationally and repeats them in practice with greater competence. Focus of the Education and Training should be to build up the conceptual base.|
Homeopathy should be introduced as a Complete Rational System of Medicine with its Holistic, Individualistic and Dynamistic approach to life, Health, disease, Remedy and cure.
In order to achieve this, study of logic, psychology and fundamentals of Homeopathic Science become quite important.
It is imperative to have clear grasp over Inductive-Deductive Logic, and its application and comprehending the fundamentals of Homeopathic Science. Homeopathic approach fo the patients is a Holistic approach. Science demands from the Homeopathic Physician, to comprehend his patient as a PERSON, his dispositional state of Mind(and body), along woth the disease process with its causes. Since we lay great emphasis of knowing the mind, knowledge of the psychology becomes imperative for a Homeopathic Physician. Thus introduction to Psychology will assist HOMEOPATHIC student to build up his conceptual base in his direction.
|I. Fundamentals of Homeopathic Science.|
|Preliminary lectures on the evolution of medicinal practice by the ancients giving stress to rationalistics and vitalistic thoughts.|
|1. Short history of Hahnemann’s life and contributions.|
|2. Brief life and contributions of early pioneers after Hahnemann.|
|3. Brief study of early history of spread of Homeopathy & position of Homeopathy in various countries..|
|4. Hahnemann’s Oraganon of Medicine from aphorism 1 to 70.|
|5. Fundamentals Principles of Homeopathy.|
|6. Health: Hahnemann’s and modern concept.|
|7. Introductory lectures on diseases, their classification, drug diseases, case taking and drug proving.|
|The term ‘Logic’ means ‘though’ ‘reason’ ‘Law’ and is used to denote the totality of rules to which the process of thought is subjected, a process that reflects the reality. It is also used to denote the science of the rules of reasoning and the forms in which it occurs.|
As discussed earlier, to comprehend ORGANON-PHILOSOPHY, it is essential to acquaint with understanding of LOGIC in order to grasp inductive-deductive reasoning.
|III. Introduction to Psychology.|
|1. Definition of Psychology – as a Science and its differencesd from other Sciences. Concept of Mind – Contemporary schools of psychology with special reference to Behaviouristic and psychoanalytic approaches.|
|2. Scientific study of behaviour, intelligence, cause – effect relation – behavioristic (Pavlov, Watson, Skinner)and dynamics of behaviour(Freud and Neo Freudians).|
|3. Basic concepts of sensation, perception, illusion, Hallucination, Delusion, image, intelligence, aptitude, attention, thinking and memory.|
|4. Emotion, motivation, personality, anxiety, conflict, frustration, psychomatic manifestations and dreams.|
|5. Developmental Psychology – normal developments since birth to maturity (both physical and psychological) and deviationms- its effects on later behaviour|
*The attempts should be make to make a student receptive to various terms in teachings of Materia Medica and Homeopathic Philosophy.
*IN THREE SECTIONS*Section 1
|Hahnemann’s Organon of Medicine Aphorism: 1 to 145|
The purpose of Homeopathic case taking is not merely collection of symptoms but comprehending the PERSON IN WIDER DIMENSION with the correct appreciation of the factors responsible for the genesis and maintenance of illness i.e. Fundamental Cause, PREDISPOSING CAUSE, MAINTAINING CAUSE & ONE SIDED DISEASES.
There should be compulsory case taking term for each student wherein he learns to build up PORTRAIT of the disease by undertaking :-
|(i) Evolutionary study of the patient comprising of well defined characteristics. |
(ii) Studying individual in His life-span and in relation to his family environment and work.
(iii) Processing of the interview and the entire case so as to grasp the principles of MANAGEMENT of these patients.
|He should be taught to classify various symptoms which he has elicited in his case taking. He puts down his evaluation of those characteristics. His capacity for analysis and synthesis should evolve. In appendix, Analytical paper for symptom classification and evaluation is attached. If practiced properly, has potential to improve analytical faculty of the student.|
Physician, Teaching Staff,R.M.O. and house staff shall spend enough time with the students and interns and scrutiny of their written cases, discussing mode of interview and processing of the case.
There should be standardization in imparting training in ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION. Each institute shall keep the standard guide-lines of Case-taking.
|GUIDELINES ANALYSIS – EVALUATION OF OBJECTIVES OF ANALYSIS EVALUATION OF SYMPTOMS.|
|(1) To individualize the case so as to prepare an effective totality which allows us to arrive at the SIMILIMUM, prognosis the case, and advise management and impose necessary restrictions on mode of life and diet.|
|(2) To infer about state susceptibility by appreciating the quality of characteristics state of susceptibility and diagnosis about miasmatic state would allow physician to formulate comprehensive plan of treatment.|
|(3) Order of evaluation of the characteristics, of the case would become stepping stone for the reportorial totality.|
|(iii) CLASSIFICATION OF SYMPTOMS. Their scopes and limitations in arriving as a totality.|
Symptom should not be considered superficially at its face value. It should be analyzed and evaluated by taking into account following factors.
|(i) Thorough grasp over the underlying dynamics: (Psychological, Physiological, Pathological aspects).|
|(ii) This would demand thorough comprehension over the evolution of DISEASE, taking into account FUNDAMENTAL, EXCITING & MAINTAINING CAUSES.|
|(iii) Knowledge of socio-cultural background is quite imperative for correct analysis and evaluation. Details regarding SYMPTOMATOLOGY can be comprehended by referring to the classical books in philosophy.|
|The Department of Organon & Philosophy while training in Case Taking shall co-ordinate with various other departments where student is sent for the pre-clinical and clinical training. This would ensure not only streamlining of the clinical Centres but also cultivate Homoeopathic perspective when student is attending other special clinics.|
|EVALUATION – EXAMINATION|
|(1) Student’s performance shall be evaluated periodically. There shall be periodical card tests and internal (theory and practical) examinations in each academic year. The concerned teaching staff shall file his general report on the conduct of internal examinations and also on student’s performance, which shall be discussed in departmental and interdepartmental meetings.|
|(2) Each student appearing for II and III BHMS shall maintain one journal comprising of 20 cases (10 short and 10 long cases) with complete processing of the case material for each examination, which shall be evaluated by the head of the department.|
|(3) There shall be provisions for the internal assessment of all these examinations and journal work in the Final II and III BHMS examinations respectively.|