Disease Index Renal Diseases

Chronic Renal Failure

chronic renal failure, symptoms, causes, treatment, homeopathy medicine, and homeopathic treatment of chronic renal failure.

Chronic renal failure is defined as a glomerular filtration rate below 30ml/minute. Symptoms and complications of uremia often occur when the glomerular filtration rate is less than 15 ml/minute.

Major causes of chronic renal failure

Primary glomerular disease

  • Focal and segmental Glomerulonephritis
  • Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis
  • IgA nephropathy
  • Membranous nephropathy

Secondary glomerular disease

  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • Amylodosis
  • Post infectious nephropathy
  • HIV –associated nephropathy
  • Collagen-vascular disease
  • Sickle cell nephropathy
  • HIV-associated Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis
  • Tubulointestitial nephritis
  • Drug hypersensitivity
  • Heavy metals
  • Analgesic nephropathy
  • Reflux/ chronic pylonephritis
  • Idiopathic

Hereditary disease

  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Medullar cystic disease
  • Alportis syndrome

Obstructive nephropathies

  • Prostatic disease
  • Nephrolithiasis
  • Retroperitoneal fibrosis/tumor
  • Congenital


Vascular disease

  • Hypertensive nephrosclerosis
  • Renal artery stenosis


Sign and symptoms of chronic renal failure

Symptoms of chronic renal failure

  • Nocturia
  • Increased thirst
  • Anorexia
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Dyspnoea
  • Hiccoughs
  • Diarrhoea
  • Chest pain
  • Oedema
  • Orthopenia
  • Cramps
  • Drowsiness
  • Weakness
  • Hallucinations
  • Fits
  • Stupor
  • Cutaneous itching
  • Soreness in eyes
  • Failing vision
  • Epistaxis
  • Bruising
  • Bone pains

Signs of chronic renal failure

  • Proteinuria
  • Abnormal urinary sediments
  • Pericarditis
  • Hypertension
  • Circulatory overload
  • Ulcers in oral and buccal mucosa
  • Offensive breath
  • Parotitis
  • Tremors
  • Asterixis
  • Loss of sense light and touch
  • Hyperreflexia
  • Anemia
  • Congestion in eyes
  • Dryness of skin
  • Skin pigmentation
  • White bands on nail
  • Retinopathy
  • Corneal ulceration

Diagnosis of chronic renal failure

Diagnosis of chronic renal failure mainly include

  • Blood test
  • Urine test to detect Proteinuria
  • Blood pressure – as chronic renal failure patients have high blood pressure
  • MRI abdomen
  • X ray kidneys
  • Abdominal ultrasound
  • CT scan

Imaging studies are mainly done to detect any abnormalities in the kidneys.

Homeopathic treatment of chronic renal failure

Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat chronic renal failure but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to manage chronic renal failure that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints.  For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of chronic renal failure:

Arsenic album – urine scanty, burning, involuntary. Feeling of weakness in abdomen after urination; Atony of bladder, in old persons; Uremia; Albuminuria; Diabetes; Retention of urine, as if the bladder were paralyzed, after parturition, Urine black as if mixed with dung. Dysuria.

Aconite – urine scanty, red, hot, painful. Tenesmus and burning at neck of bladder. Burning in urethra. Urine suppressed, bloody. Anxiety always on beginning to urinate. Retention, which screaming and restlessness, and handling of genitals. Renal region sensitive. Profuse urination, with profuse perspiration and diarrhea.

Apocynum – renal dropsy, dribbling of urine, urine turbid, hot urine, with thick mucus and burning in urethra,

Terebinthina – inflammation of the kidneys; kidney functions impaired, stranguary, with bloody urine. Urine scanty, suppressed, odor of violets, constant tenesmus.

Cantharis – intolerable urging, and tenesmus, nephritis with bloody urine, violent paroxysms of cutting and burning in whole region, with painful urging to urinate, bloody urine, by drops. Intolerable tenesmus; cutting before, during, and after urination. Urine scalds him, and is passed drop by drop. Constant desire to urinate, urine jelly like, shreddy

Plumbum met – urine, albuminous,; low specific gravity. Chronic interstitial nephritis, with great pain in abdomen. Urine scanty; Tenesmus of bladder, Emission drop by drop

Digitalis – urine in drops; dark, hot, burning, with sharp cutting throbbing pain at neck of bladder, as if a straw was being thrust back and forth; worse at night. Suppressed; Ammonical, and turbid. Urethritis, phimosis, stranguary; Full feeling after urination; Constricted feeling with burning, as if urethra was too small; Brisk-dust sediment

Berberis vulgaris – burning pains, sensation as if some urine remained after urination; bubbling, sore sensation in kidney; pain in the thighs and loins on urinating.


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