Cold is a common respiratory tract infection (upper respiratory tract) including nose and throat which is caused due to different types of viruses like rhinovirus, influenza, adenovirus etc. after initial infection symptoms occurs from 12 hours to 5 days. Symptoms of common cold usually resolve in 7 to 8 days. Flu occurs most frequently in winters, rainy season, humid atmosphere and sudden change of weather. Viral infection commonly spread through droplet infection through coughing, sneezing or may spread through direct contact with contaminated things or person.
Symptoms of cold
Obstruction of nose
Loss of appetite
Diagnosis of cold
Virus isolation – nasopharyngeal secretions are the best specimens for obtaining large amounts of virus-infected cells. Certain virus can be detected by the indirect fluorescent antibody technique.
There may be some further complications of flu like pneumonia, acute bronchitis, sinusitis, strep throat so diagnose such condition investigations like chest X-ray, complete blood count, lungs scan has to be done.
Treatment of cold symptoms
Although symptoms of common cold usually resolve in 7 to 8 days but to give relief and to prevent further complications treatment should be given. Treatment of cold should be done according to causative agent and condition.
Homeopathic treatment of cold – Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat cold symptoms but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several well-proved medicines are available for cold treatment that can be selected on the basis of cause, condition, sensation and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. Some important remedies are given below for cold treatment:
Aconite, Bryonia, Belladonna, Hepar Sulph, Allium Cepa, Euphrasia, Ipecauc, Ammonium Carb, Aurum Triph, Kali Carb, kali bi, Phosphorous, Merc Sol, Calcaria Carb and many other medicines.
Allopathic treatment of cold – Treatment is available by medication especially antibiotics, antiviral drugs, analgesics, antipyretics.
Other methods of treatment for symptoms of common cold include – Hydrotherapy, Relaxation therapy, Acupressure, Ayurveda, Naturopathy, Yoga therapy etc.