One form of urinary tract infection is cystitis, an inflammation of the urinary bladder. This condition is prevalent in young women. The condition may result from an ascending infection coming from outside the body through urethra, or it may be caused due to descending infection from the kidney. Cystitis is often caused due to some medical conditions such as renal stones, urinary retention, tumors, or neurological diseases which can impair bladder functions.
Cystitis can be of two forms: acute cystitis and chronic cystitis. In acute cystitis at the onset, there is little amount of pus but in severe cases there will be haematuria also. The urine is ropy and with pus and mucus. Pain and tenderness in the hypogastrium, Micturation is frequent and painful.
In chronic cystitis, larger amount of pus and urine is alkaline, and contains ropy mucus. Pain is less severe, than in acute cystitis.
Causes of cystitis
- Bacterial infection- most of the cases are caused by E.Coli bacteria. It occurs when bacteria outside the body enter the urinary tract through the urethra.
- Drug induced – certain medications such as NSAIDs, chemotherapy drugs can cause inflammation of the bladder or cystitis.
- Radiation – radiation therapy top the pelvic region.
- Chemical – certain chemicals used in perfumed soap, spermicidal jellies can cause conditions like cystitis.
- Catheterization – long term use of catheter sometimes causes inflammation of the urinary bladder.
- Sexual intercourse – vigorous sexual intercourse sometimes causes conditions like cystitis.
Symptoms of cystitis
- Strong or foul smelling urine
- Pain in abdomen
- Urine with traces of blood or blood stained urine
- Dark colored or cloudy urine
- Frequent desire for micturation
- Burning during urination
- Pain just above the pubic bone
- Pain in the lower back region
Older women may not have symptoms other than
- Mild fever
Children under 5 years of age often have symptoms like
- Less appetite
Diagnosis of the cystitis
- Urine examination – to diagnose the presence of bacteria, pus cells, and blood in urine
- Cystoscopy – cystoscopy is a test performed with a cystoscope, a narrow tube with tiny camera at its tip, inserted in to the bladder to see inside the bladder.
- Urine bacterial count
- Bladder biopsy
Treatment of cystitis
Treatment of cystitis mainly depends upon the cause and the medical condition.
Homeopathic treatment of cystitis
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat cystitis but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several well-proved medicines are available for cystitis treatment that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensation and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. Some important remedies are given below for cystitis treatment:
Burning and soreness while urinating. Last drops scald. The urine is loaded with casts and is albuminous; Stinging pain is well marked in this medicine.
Constant desire to urinate, intolerable tenismus, cutting before, during and after urination, Urine is burning, scalding with cutting pains, and intolerable urging.
Characteristic symptoms are sensation as if ball is rolling in the bladder on turning over. The urine is almost black, frequent, foaming and dark; has to urinate on lying down, day or night; floating of black soot-like particles in the urine floating
The urging of urine is sudden and severe. Passage of urine with intense burning; there is sensation as if molten led is passing through the urethra. Urine discharge is very scanty, turbid, dirty brownish red color, and a peculiar smell of malt.
Spasmodic pains in the bladder after urinating. Haematuria after urination; Urine dribbles when emotionally upset. Heavy pressure and cramp in the bladder after urination; Urging to urinate on lying on back; Interrupted flow.
Tingling in urethra lasting for sometime after urinating; burning frequent urination; last drops causes violent burning; Urine starts and stops; or dribble after urination. Difficult to evacuate the urine in spell; There is mucus in the urine and not pus.
Slight pain in the right kidney, then in the left; Urgent desire to urinate sharp pains at the root of the penis; at the close of urination; Retention and dysuria during pregnancy; Urine is cloudy, albuminuria, Has to get up many times at night to urinate.
Allopathic treatment of cystitis – mainly done through antibiotics.