Inflammatory Bowel Disease – is a group of inflammatory conditions (Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis) mainly affecting the large and small bowel. The distinguishing features of Crohn’s and UC depend on the location and presentation of the inflammatory changes. UC primarily affects the colon and rectum, while Crohn’s can affect any portion of the GI tract from the mouth to anus. The majority of clinical cases affect the terminal ileum (portion connecting the small and large intestine). Furthermore, UC is limited to the mucosa or lining of the gut, while Crohn’s affects the whole bowel wall, resulting in skip-like “transmural lesions.” Unlike UC, Crohn’s is widely regarded as an autoimmune condition.
Crohn’s disease – is a chronic transmural inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract of unknown etiology. Crohn’s disease involves acute and chronic granulomatous bowel disease with a cobblestone effect. Onset is generally between 15 and 30 years of age. Crohn’s disease differs from ulcerative colitis by affecting the gastrointestinal tract from oral cavity to rectum; UC involves the mucosal tissue of the colon and rectum. In Crohn’s disease, the intestinal lumen decreases; peristalsis from food intake cause cramping pain, especially in the right lower quadrant. Other symptoms include fever, weight loss, debility, nausea, mouth sores, anal fissures, vomiting, abdominal pain, intestinal bleeding, and sporadic flare-ups.
Ulcerative colitis – is an inflammatory disorder of the colonic mucosa characterized by relapses and remissions. The rectal mucosa is always involved, occasionally by microscopic inflammation alone, and the disease extends proximally.
Colitis – is a simple word defines as inflammation of the colon. The mucosal layer of the colon is inflamed and is responsible for symptoms of colitis. It commonly occurs during adolescence and early adulthood. It can be broadly classified in acute colitis that is usually self limiting and chronic which is continuous or recurrent. Causes of colitis Bowel infection with shigella, e.coli, salmonella etc Autoimmune reaction in disease like ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease Ischemia of colon in volvulus and incarcerated hernia Engorgement of collagen or lymphocytes Chemicals – effect of enema Sign and symptoms of colitis Abdominal pain and cramps Diarrhea Pain in rectum Tenesmus Blood and mucus in stool Urgency Fullness of abdomen Fever Dehydration Shock Weight loss Diagnosis of Colitis Diagnosis mainly include History of onset, duration Physical examination Complete blood count Electrolytes Stool tests Computed tomography Abdominal X- ray Sigmoidography Colonoscopy.
Intestinal obstruction intestinal obstruction is the partial or complete blockage of the lumen in the small or large bowel. Small bowel obstruction is far more common and usually more serious. Complete obstruction in any part of the small or large bowel, if untreated, can cause death within hours due to shock and vascular collapse.
Intestinal obstruction – is most likely to occur after abdominal surgery in persons with congenital bowel deformities.
Obstruction in the small intestine results in metabolic alkalosis from dehydration and loss of gastric hydrochloric acid; lower bowel obstruction causes slower dehydration and loss of intestinal alkaline fluids, resulting in metabolic acidosis.
Ultimately, intestinal obstruction may lead to ischemia, necrosis, and death.
Colon cancer – is a cancer that starts in the large intestine, this type of cancer occurs when there is uncontrolled cell growth in the large intestine. Colon cancer is the most common malignancy in the western world after the age of 50, most colon cancers are adenocarcinomas tumors that develop from the glands lining the colon’s inner wall. If colon cancer left untreated it can eventually spread through the colon wall to involve the adjacent lymph nodes and organs.
Celiac Disease – is genetically inherited autoimmune disease characterized by sensitivity to proteins found in the grains wheat, rye, and barley. When these grains are eaten by a person with celiac disease, they trigger an immune response that damages the lining of the small intestine.
This decrease the ability of the intestine to absorb nutrients, including carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals. When nutrients are not absorbed, side effects can include weight loss, diarrhea, constipation, tiredness, excess gas, vitamin and mineral deficiencies (for example, iron, folate, calcium, fat-soluble vitamins), iron-deficiency anemia, and bone disease.
Persons with celiac disease should follow a life-long gluten free diet, strictly avoiding wheat, rye, and barley proteins. A gluten free diet allows the intestine to heal and improves gastrointestinal symptoms, such as diarrhea, constipation, excess gas, and bloating. Strictly following this diet also help prevent conditions that may be caused by long-term untreated celiac disease. Such as lymphoma (a cancer of the lymph tissue) and osteoporosis (the chronic loss of bone mass).
Constipation – Constipation refers to infrequent or hard stools, or difficulty passing stools. Constipation may involve pain during the passage of a bowel movement, inability to pass a bowel movement after straining or pushing for more than 10 minutes, or no bowel after more than 3 days.
Constipation is a relative term. Normal patterns of bowel and you may not have bowel movements every day. While some healthy people have consistently soft or near runny stools, other have consistently firm stools, but no difficulty passing them.
Diarrhea – is loose, watery, and frequent stools. Diarrhea is considered chronic when person has loose stools longer than 4 weeks. Diarrhea in adults is usually mild and resolves quickly without complication. In infants and children diarrhea is more concerning. Children can become dehydrated quickly.
The most common cause of diarrhea is a mild viral infection that resolves on its own within few days. This is called viral gastroenteritis which occurs most often as mini-epidemics in schools, neighborhoods, or families.
Homeopathic treatment for intestinal problems:
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat intestinal problems but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat intestinal problems that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of intestinal problems:
Agaricus, Aloe, Ammonium Mur, Carbo Veg, Calcaria Carb, Chamomilla, Colocynth, Cuprum Met, Dulcamara, Graphites, Ignatia, Ipecauc, lycopodium, Magnesia Mur, Mag Phos, Arsenic Album, Merc Cor, Phosphorous Nux Vomica, Opium, Pulsatilla, Silicea, Spongia, Sulphur, Aconite, Alumina, Antim Crude, Apis Mel, Argentum Nitricum, Gelsemium, Kreosote, Lachesis, Causticum, Alumina, Plumbum Met, and many other medicines.