Lung Cancer, also known as lung carcinoma, is a medical condition in which there is uncontrolled cell growth in lung tissues. These abnormal cells continue dividing and form lumps or mass of tissue called tumors.
Lung Cancer in which cancer cells migrate to other parts of the body through the blood or lymphatic system, invading and destroying other healthy tissues, is known as malignant Lung cancer.
Majority of cases of lung cancer are caused by smoking or exposure to smoke, which causes damage to the lining of lungs.
The two main types are small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) and non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC)
Small cell lung carcinoma
Small cell lung cancer is a more aggressive type of lung cancer that comprises 15% of all lung cancer diagnoses. It is highly correlated to smoking. Small cell lung cancers grow quickly but tend to respond to a specific chemotherapy protocols. Oat cell cancer is a highly fatal lung cancer.
Non-small-cell lung carcinoma
The three main subtypes of Non-small-cell lung carcinoma are adenocarcinoma, squamous-cell carcinoma, and large-cell carcinoma. Nearly 40% of lung cancers are adenocarcinoma, which usually comes from peripheral lung tissue.
A subtype of adenocarcinoma, the bronchioloalveolar carcinoma, is more common in female never-smokers, and may have a better long-term survival. Squamous-cell carcinoma causes about 30% of lung cancers. They typically occur close to large airways.
Nearly 9% of lung cancers are large-cell carcinoma. These are so named because the cancer cells are large, with excess cytoplasm, large nuclei, and conspicuous nucleoli.
Causes and Risk factors of Lung Cancer
- Pollution (air pollution )
- Passive Smoking
- Lung Disease like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
- Exposure to Arsenic, Nickel, Hydrocarbons
- Exposure to Radon gas
In 85% of cases, smoking causes lung cancer. Heavy tobacco or marijuana smokers are 25 times more susceptible to lung cancer. Causes include exposure to industrial chemicals. Radon and passive smoke. Nickel depletes intracellular ascorbate, which inhibits cellular hydroxylase by chronic exposure to nickel, could be deleterious for lung cells and may lead to lung cancer.
Symptoms of Lung Cancer
The most common symptoms are coughing (including coughing up blood), weight loss, shortness of breath, and chest pains. Other symptoms include:
- Persistent Haemoptysis or coughing with blood
- Pain in the chest ,shoulder and may on back especially while laughing
- Weight loss
- Dyspnoea or difficulty in breathing
- Frequent attacks of Pneumonia or Bronchitis
- Hoarseness of the voice
- Dysphagia or difficult swallowing
- Pain in joints and bones
- Swelling of face
- Loss of appetite
- Generalized weakness
- Pleural effusion
- Smoker’s cough
Diagnosis of Lung Cancer
Diagnosis mainly include
- History of smoking, occupational history, lifestyle, medication
- X-Ray chest
- CT scan chest
- Lung biopsy
- Bone scan
Lung cancer treatment
Lung cancer treatment depends on the cancer’s specific cell type, how far it has spread, and the person’s performance status. Common treatments include palliative care, surgery, chemotherapy ( cisplatin and etoposide are most commonly used.
Combinations with carboplatin, gemcitabine, paclitaxel, vinorelbine, topotecan, and irinotecan are also used), and radiation therapy (continuous hyperfractionated accelerated radiotherapy).
Objectives of Treatment
- Patient must be encouraged to stop smoking
- Meet energy needs, which are often elevated as much as 30% above normal
- Counteract side effects such as cachexia, infections, weight loss and anorexia.
- Maximize pulmonary health and improve quality of life
- Increase disease free time
- Minimum weight loss
- Maximum intake through side-effects management
Food and nutrition
- Increase intake of protein, CHO, energy, and fluids.
- Alter diet as appropriate for side effects
- Small frequent meals may be beneficial
- If oral diet is possible , promote a protective diet by including fruits, vegetables, sesame seeds and pecans, food rich in quercetin (apples and onion) and other flavonoides, selenium, lycopene, carotenoids, and natural estrogens(such as soy foods).
- Include good sources of phytosterols such as sunflower seeds, sesame seeds, and wheat germ
- Include more omega-3 fatty acids from fish, shelfish, and walnuts
- Tube feedings are highly recommended if weight loss, decreased appetite, dehydration, or electrolyte imbalance occurs.
Lung cancer treatment with homeopathy
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach.
This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering.
The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat lung cancer symptoms but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several well-proved remedies are available for treatment of lung cancer symptoms that can be selected on the basis of cause, condition, sensation, extension, location and modalities of the complaints.
For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. The list of commonly used homeopathic remedies is:
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