Macular disease is major causes of blindness. Common chronic macular disease which cause gradual loss of central vision include age related macular degeneration, degenerative high myopia and macular dystrophy.
Macular dystrophies are disorders of the macula and manifest themselves between the ages of 10 and 30.
Macular dystrophy consists of a spectrum of dystrophies that occur in the young who often has a history of a similar disease in the family. It is bilateral and symmetrical and causes gradual painless loss of vision.
The macular dystrophies are relatively easy to diagnose but more difficult to distinguish because the genetic abnormalities to which they give rise have overlapping phenotypes, and different phenotypes may result from the same genetic disorder.
The characteristic features of all macular dystrophies are loss of macular photoreceptors and RPE cells and yellow material within the RPE.
Sorby’s macular dystrophy
The very rare autosomal dominant disease arises from mutations in a regulator of extracellular matrix (TIMP3, Ch22).
This very rare autosomal dominant disease appears to selectively affect Mullar’s cells, causing multilobulated cystoids spaces arising from the inner nuclear layer.
North Carolina macular dystrophy
This rare autosomal dominant disease was initially described in North Carolina but has been identified in a number of families worldwide. It links with to MCDR1, Ch6q. onset is from birth. The macular lesions are present at birth and rare stable in each individual but can be highly variable within family members.
Progressive bifocal chrioretinal atrophy
This rare autosomal dominant disease has only been described in the UK, like North Carolina macular dystrophy, links to Ch6q. this is bizarre pattern of progressive chorioretinal atrophy that spreads from two foci located just temporal and just nasal to the disk.
This group of disorders causes selective loss of cone photoreceptors with decreased VA, Color vision abnormalities, and central scotomata. The macula may show only a mild granularity or marked central atrophy.
Central areolar choroidal atrophy
This rare autosomal dominant links to Ch17p and usually presents in young adults. There is slowly progressive loss of central vision, with central geographic atrophy, including loss of underlying choriocapillaris.
Macular dystrophy treatment with homeopathic medicines
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat macular dystrophy symptoms but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat macular dystrophy symptoms that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of macular dystrophy symptoms:
Sulphur, Hyoscyamus, Mercurius, Natrum Mur, Agaricus, Lycopodium, Secale Cor, Rhus Tox, Euphrasia, Bovista, Conium, Plumbum Met, Lachesis, and many other medicines.