Dysmenorrhea implies painful menstruation. When it occurs with onset of ovulatory cycles in young girls, it is described as primary dysmenorrhea and it is not associated with any pelvic pathology. It is spasmodic pain, beginning with the onset of menstruation and lasts for few hours or day. When dysmenorrhea occurs later in life, it is known as secondary dysmenorrhoea and is often related to some organic lesion in the genital organs.
Dysmenorrhoea is of three types
Congestive dysmenorrhoea – this resembles premenstrual tension to some extent. The women complains of pain in the lower abdomen and backache radiating down the legs 3 to 4 days before the onset of menstruation. Sometimes, the bowel symptoms such as constipation, flatulence also develop.
Spasmodic dysmenorrhoea – in this condition, spasmodic or colicky pain is felt in the lower abdomen with the onset of menstruation. The severe pain lasting for an hour or two is followed by dull pain for about 10-12 hours, but this subsides once the menstrual flow is well established. In man, the pelvic findings are normal, but some reveal an organic lesion which accompany congestive dysmenorrhoea.
Membranous dysmenorrhoea – in a rare cases of membranous dysmenorrhoea, the pains begins with passage of a membrane, which consists of entire thickness of the endometrium.
Causes of menstrual cramps
Menstrual cramps are result from strong contractions of the muscles of the uterus. In primary dysmenorrhoea, this is due to excess prostaglandin. In secondary dysmenorrhoea, this is due to an abnormally or disease of the uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries.
- Pelvic infections
- Sexually transmitted disease
- Use of intrauterine device
- Endometriosis or endometritis
- Congenital uterine or vaginal abnormalities
- Family history of dysmenorrhoea
Diagnosis for menstrual cramps
Diagnosis of menstrual cramps mainly include menstrual history, pelvic examination, and physical examination. Medical testes mainly include ultrasound, blood test, and urine test.
Homeopathic treatment for menstrual cramps
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat menstrual cramps but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat menstrual cramps that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of menstrual cramps:
Mag Phos, Chamomilla, Colocynth, Nux Vomica, Belladonna, Aconite, Cactus, Caulophyllum, Cimicifuga, Cocculus Indica, Platina, Pulsatilla, Secale Cor, Graphites, Tuberculinum, Sepia, Ignatia, kali Iod, Lachesis, Conium, Coffea, Causticum, Onosmodium, and many other medicines.