Recurrent attacks of headache, varied in intensity, frequency and duration; commonly unilateral associated with anorexia and sometimes with nausea and vomiting.
Causes of migraine
Age – the onset may be in childhood with cyclic vomiting; typical migraine appears in adolescence and continues at interwel until the sixth decade.
Sex – more common in women
Hereditary influences – the transmitted factor being an abnormal response of cranial or other vasculature to certain external or endogenous stimuli.
Prolonged fasting – causes low blood sugar and ultimately leads to migraine.
Other cause – include prolonged exposure to bright light, particular foods, especially cheese, chocolate, citrus fruits, coffee. Mild associated head injury like heading a football.
Conditions associated with migraine
Diagnosis of migraine
Diagnosis completely depends upon cause and condition of migraine
Diagnosis mainly includes:
Normal physical examination
No other reasonable cause for headache
At least two of:
Aggravation of pain by movement
At least one of:
Nausea or vomiting
Treatment depends upon the cause and condition of the migraine; elimination of triggers is must, there are some following systems which can be helpful in the treatment of migraine:
Homeopathic treatment of migraine – Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat migraine but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several well-proved medicines are available for migraine treatment that can be selected on the basis of cause, location, sensation, modalities and extension of the pain. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are some specific homeopathic remedies which have remarkable action over migraine:
Iris V – excellent migraine remedy in which there is periodical sick headache comes on after the patient relaxes from a mental strain. The patient usually vomits a bitter bilious substance and the vomiting gives relief in the pains in the head.
Cyclamen – remarkable migraine remedy in which migraine is accompanied with sparkling before the eyes,
Coffea – an excellent migraine remedy for migraine caused by loss of sleep following excitement.
Ignatia – marvelous migraine remedy when migraine is due to grief in hysterical patients.
Belladonna – migraine remedy for pleuthoric and healthy persons. The cause is some disturbance in the circulatory system.
Some other migraine remedies are:
Spigelia, Sanguinaria, Pulsatilla, Sulphur, Glonine, Natrum Mur, Natrum Carb, Arnica Mont, Arsenic Alb, Gelsemium, Platina, Bryonia, Nux vomica, Sepia, Phosphorus, Lachesis and many other medicines.
Allopathic treatment – Treatment is available by medication especially analgesics, ergotamine, sedatives, serotonin inhibitors, propanolol etc.
Other natural and alternative methods of treatments include – Naturopathy, Hydrotherapy, Relaxation therapy, Acupressure, Acupuncture, yoga therapy, etc.