Excessive secretion of saliva, such as sometimes occurs in the early months of pregnancy. It is also a clinical sign of mercury poisoning.
Saliva is produced in salivary glands to help the body ingest food. These glands normally produce about a quart of saliva each day when these glands become hyper active and produces excess amount of saliva then it called as Ptyalism.
Causes of ptyalism
- Nausea and vomiting
Many people to reduce the amount of saliva they swallow allowing more fluid to collect in the mouth. Many experts are still unsure whether the symptoms of excessive saliva during pregnancy are the result of increased production, a decrease in the amount swallowed, or some combination of the two.
- Heart burn
Triggers extra saliva production as the gastric acid irritates the esophagus.A muscular tube lined with mucus membrane about 9 inches (24 cm) long, which leads from the neck to the stomach. It is the narrowest part of the digestive tube, being most constricted at its origin, to coat the lining of the wind pipe with neutralizing alkaline. The glands also increase production after vomiting, and both of these conditions are common pregnancy complaints.
- Hyperemesis gravidarum
Severe form of morning sickness, have been found to suffer from excessive saliva production. It is still unknown whether hormonal changes during pregnancy contribute to excessive saliva production.
- Neoplasia or presence of a tumor
- Presence of an abscess
- Neurological trauma (eg. Stroke)
- Medication (analgesics, anticonvulsants, anticholinesterase)
- Obstruction in the nasal cavity (presence of polyp)
- Size of the tongue
- Position of the head
- Sitting or lying position
- Diseases eg. Rabies or tetanus.
Homeopathic medicines for ptyalism
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat ptyalism but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat ptyalism that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of ptyalism:
Alumina, Ammonium Carb, Belladonna, Calcaria Carb, Cantharis, Carbolic Acid, Hydrastis, Colchicum, Graphites, Causticum, China, Chamomilla, Hepar Sulph, Hellebores, Helonias, Hydrastis, Ignatia, Iodium, Hyoscyamus, Iris, Kali Iod, Lachesis, Mercurius Cyn., Natrum Mur, Nitric Acid, Opium, Petroleum, and many other medicines.