The pulmonary circulation is normally a low pressure system designed to accommodate varying amounts of blood artery and major branches are relatively thin walled, complaint vessels. The distal pulmonary arterioles also are thin walled and have the capacity to dilate collapse, or constrict depending on the pressure of vasoactive substance released from the endothelial cells of the vessel, neurohumoral influences, flow velocities , oxygen tension, and alveolar ventilation.
Pulmonary hypertension is a disorder characterized by an abnormal elevation of pressure within the pulmonary circulation, namely , the pulmonary arterial system. Once present, pulmonary hypertension is self perpetuating. It introduces secondary structural abnormalities of pulmonary vessels including smooth muscles hypertrophy and proliferation of the vessel intima. Although pulmonary hypertension can develop as a primary disorder, most cases develop secondary to other conditions.
Secondary pulmonary hypertension
Secondary pulmonary hypertension refers to an increase in pulmonary pressures associated with other disease conditions, usually cardiac or pulmonary. Secondary pulmonary hypertension may develop at any age. Secondary causes, or mechanisms, of pulmonary can be divided into four major categories:
- Elevation of pulmonary venous pressure
- Increased pulmonary blood flow
- Pulmonary vascular obstruction
Causes of pulmonary hypertension
Pulmonary vascular disease
Collagen vascular disease-related
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Mixed connective disease
Congenital heart disease
- Atrial or ventricular septal defects
- Patent ductus arteriosus
- In situ thrombosis
- Tumor emboli
- Chronic alveolar hypoventilation
- Chronic high altitude exposure
Associated with pleural pulmonary disease
- Interstitial lung disease
- Chest wall deformities
- Sickle cell disease
- Cystic fibrosis
- Mitral stenosis
- Atrial myxoma
Left ventricular dysfunction
- Non ischemic
Sign and symptoms of pulmonary hypertension
Sign and symptoms of pulmonary hypertension depend upon the underlying cause associated with this complaint:
- Dyspnea or shortness of breath
- Swelling of legs
- Chest pain
Pulmonary hypertension treatment
Treatment is completely based upon cause and medical condition some specific modes of treatment are given below:
Treatment of pulmonary hypertension with homeopathic remedies – Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach.
This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat pulmonary hypertension but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several well-proved medicines are available for pulmonary hypertension treatment that can be selected on the basis of cause, condition, sensation and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. Some important remedies are given below for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension:
Lachesis, Aurum Met Aconite, Allium Cepa, Strophanthus, Nat. Mur, Plumbum Met, Carbo Animalis, Gelsemium, Ignatia, Glonine, Baryta Mur, Veratrum Viride, Belladonna, Arsenic Alb, Thuja, Adrenalin and many other medicines.
Other natural and alternative modes of treatment – include Ayurveda, Naturopathy, Yoga therapy, Relaxation therapy, Acupressure, Acupuncture etc.