Mastitis – mastitis is characterized by unilateral tenderness in breast with localized warmth, swelling, and redness. Mastitis typically occurs after, but is not confined to, the onset of breast feeding in a first pregnancy. If it is not promptly treated with antibiotics, mastitis can progress to abscess, which necessitates surgical drainage. The organism causing the infection usually enters through cracked and fissured nipples; therefore, measures that prevent cracked and fissured nipples also help to prevent mastitis. Occasionally, the organism that causes mastitis comes from the nasal-oral cavity of the infant. The pathogen that most commonly causes mastitis is staphylococcus aureus; less frequently, staphylococcus epidermidis and beta-hemolytic streptococci tuberculosis or the mumps virus.
Mastitis must be differentiated from normal breast engorgement, which generally starts with the onset of lactation. During this time, the breast undergoes changes similar to those in mastitis and body temperature may also be elevated. Engorgement may be mild, causing only slight discomfort, or severe, causing considerable pain. A severely engorged breast can prevent a neonate from feeding properly because he can’t latch on to the nipple of the swollen, rigid breast.
Fibroadenoma of the breast – this common benign neoplasm occurs most frequently in young women, usually within 20 years after puberty. It is somewhat more frequent and tends to occur at an earlier age in black women. Multiple tumors are found in 10-15% of patients. The typical Fibroadenoma is a round or ovoid, relatively movable, nontender mass 1-5 cm in diameter. It is usually discovered accidently. Clinical diagnosis in young patients is generally not difficult. Fibroadenoma generally does not occur after menopause but may occasionally develop after administration of hormones.
Fat necrosis – fat necrosis of the breast occurs most commonly in obese and postmenopausal women and comprises 3% of all benign lesions. The etiology is thought to be most commonly trauma- induced but is also related to radiography, surgery, infections, warfarin therapy, together with idiopathic causes. Within the tissue there is saponification, cell death, inflammation and then fibrosis occurs as recovery takes place.
Nipple discharge – nipple discharge is one of the most common causes in female population. Nipple discharge can be categorized in to several types-clear or watery, milky, serous, multicolored or blood-stained. In addition, the discharge may come from a single or from multiple ducts.
Galactorrhea – Galactorrhea is any persistence discharge of milk or milk line secretions from the breasts in the absence of a gestational event or beyond 6 months postpartum in a woman who is not nursing.
Breast cancer – breast cancer occurs both in men and women though it is rare in men. The abnormal growth of breast tissue cells is the reason for the occurrence of breast cancer. Breast cancer is also caused by abnormal increase in the growth of cells in the ducts and lobules of the particular region.
Homeopathic treatment of breast diseases
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat breast diseases but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat breast diseases that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of breast diseases:
Phytolacca – remarkable medicine for breast diseases; mastitis, mammae hard and very sensitive; tumors of the breast with enlarged axillary gland; cancer of breast; breast id hard, painful, and purple hue, mammary abscess, harness of breasts like cake; when child nurses pain goes from nipple all over the body; cracks and small ulcers about nipples, irritable breasts, before and during menses; Galactorrhea; retraction of nipples; Hypertrophy of breasts; deems full of overloading; swollen breasts neither heal nor suppurate.
Conium Mac – stitches in nipples; wants to press breast hard with hand; mammae lax and shrunken, hard, painful to touch; enlargement either general or lobular; helpful in the development of the breasts.
Hepar Sulph– an excellent remedy for breast diseases. abscess; inflammation and suppuration can be easily cured by this remedy; inflammation with intense heat and throbbing pain.
Asterias Rubens – breasts swell and along with pain; left breast feels as if pulled inward; neuralgia of left breast and arm; cancer of breasts in ulcerative stage.
Silicea – one lobe after another ulcerates, discharge in to one common ulcer with pain; or there may be several orifices; one for each lobe; purulent sinus substance seems to be discharged in pus.
Belladonna – tumors of the breast; breasts feel heavy and hard; redness and heat marked; excellent remedy for swelling and pain of breasts; useful in acute cases of breast affections
Bryonia Alba – hardness of the breasts in early stages when due to accumulation of milk or other causes; breasts hard and painful
Hydrastis – remarkable remedy for breast diseases; cancer of the breasts before start of ulceration; tumor of the breast; retraction of nipples, nipples drawn back
Bellis p – breasts engorged; troubles after sustaining a bruised on it; swelling, pain and indurations of breasts after a blow.
Other medicines for breast diseases mainly include: Hamamelis, borax, Lycopodium, Dulcamara, Kreosote, Iodum, chimaphilia, asafoetida; arsenic album, Psorinum, Graphites; cyclamen, and many other medicines.