Urinary tract infection
Urinary tract infection is the term used to describe the growth of bacteria in the urinary tract with infection occurring anywhere from the urethral meatus to the renal cortex. Urinary tract infection is a common clinical problem that affects a large number of women populations annually during their lifetime.
There is an increased in the rate of UTI during puberty, related in part to the onset of sexual activity and pregnancy. This problem affects primarily adolescent females; adolescent males have very low rates of infection. The diagnosis in women is further complicated because the symptoms of Urinary tract infection can be similar to those of vaginitis or a sexually transmitted infection.
Painful urination is usually caused by a urinary tract infection, associated symptoms mainly include frequent or urgent urination, an inability to release more that a small amount of urine followed by an urgent need to urinate again, and a burning sensation while urinating.
If kidney also is infected, you may experience pain in your abdomen or back, a fever or vomiting. A kidney infection is a serious condition that requires immediate medical attention.
Dysuria is defined as “painful urination. Causes of dysuria mainly include
Causes in females
- Cystitis lower UTI, with or without pyelonephritis.
- Urethritis caused by a sexually transmitted disease, Chlamydia, neiseria gonorrhoeae, herpes simplex virus.
- Vulvovaginitis-bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis, yeast, genital HSV.
Causes of dysuria in males
- Urethritis caused by Chlamydia, N gonorrhoeae, yeast (uncircumcribed – balanitis), HSV.
- Cystitis (if culture positive, possible anatomic abnormality, further workup indicated).
- Prostatitis, acute more common than chronic.
- Penile lesions, trauma, sexual abuse.
- Benign prostatic hypertrophy particularly in older men. Infection can be evident but is primarily an obstructive process.
Polyuria is an excessive urine volume, usually ≤ 3 L/day, and may be accompanied by the symptoms of frequency, nocturia, thirst, and polydipsia.
Causes of Polyuria
Excessive oral intake (psychogenic polydipsia)
Crania diabetes insipidus, decrease ADH release due to:
- Head Injury
Excess IV fluids.
Oliguria is a condition where too little is produced, decreased production typically less than 400 mL/day.
Causes of oliguria
Increased ADH release
- Post operatively
- Due to pain
Intravascular volume depletion
- Inadequate fluid replacement
Inadequate cardiac output
- Heart failure
- Cardiac temponade
Acute renal failure
Urine cloudiness – cloudy, murky, or turbid urine reflects the presence of bacteria, mucus, leucocytes or erythrocytes, epithelial cells, fat, or phosphates (in alkaline urine). It’s characteristic of urinary tract infection.
Homeopathic treatment for urinary affections
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat urinary affections but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat urinary affections that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of urinary affections:
Apis Mel, Berberis Vulgaris, Cina, Bryonia, Cantharis, Carbo Veg, Cheledonium, China, Cina, Conium, Graphites, Mercurius, Phosphorous, Phosphoric Acid, Sulphur, Thuja, Aconite, Aesculus, Antim Crud, Antim Tart, Arnica Montana, Arsenic Album, Belladonna, Calcaria Carb, Causticum, Dulcamara, Kali Carb, lycopodium, Magnesia Mur, Sarsaparilla, Petroleum, Pulsatilla, Psorinum, Opium, Natrum Mur, Lachesis, Ipecauc, Kali Phos, Nitric Acid, Kali Iod, Colchicum, Argentums Met, Arsenic Iod, Ammonium Carb, Ammonium Mur, Natrum Carb and many other homeopathic medicines.