Urinary tract infection refers to presence of microorganism in the urinary tract, causing a host response. It should be differentiated from colonization though colonization precedes infection. Transient introduction of bacteria in to the urinary tract probably occurs in the healthy, especially sexually active women.
Urinary tract infection may present as asymptomatic bacteriuria, urethritis, custitis or acute pyelonephritis in women. In men, they often present as acute prostatitis, chronic prostatitis and pyelonephritis.
Urinary tract infection may be classified as complicated or uncomplicated. A UTI is described as uncomplicated when it occurs without presence of physiologic or anatomical abnormalities, not die to instrumentation and is community acquired. An infections is labeled complicated when there are structural or functional abnormalities present in the urogenital tract.
Risk factors for urinary tract infection
Inability or failure to empty bladder completely
Obstructed urinary flow caused by:
- Congenital abnormality
- Contracture of the bladder neck
- Urethral stricture
- Calculi of the ureter
- Stone or calculi in the ureter or kidney
Decreased natural host defenses or immunosuppression
Instrumentation of the urinary tract
Inflammation or abrasion of the urethral mucosa
Contributing conditions such as:
- Diabetes mellitus (increased urinary glucose levels create an infection prone environment in the urinary tract)
- Altered states caused by incomplete emptying of the bladder and urinary stasis.
Urinary tract infection symptoms
- Burning with urination
- Frequent urge to urinate
- Abdominal pain
- Cloudy urine
- Vaginal discharge in females
Urinary tract infection diagnosis
History and physical examination should be considered in order to diagnose urinary tract infection. Urine sample especially midstream urine should be obtained for urinalysis. Urine culture is also done in case of suspected urinary tract infection.
Homeopathic treatment for urinary tract infection
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat urinary tract infection but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat urinary tract infection that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of urinary tract infection:
Apis Mel, Aloe, Arsenic Album, Borex, Belladonna, Camphor, Cannabis Indica, Cannabis Sativa, Cantharis, Hepar Sulph, Mercurius, Merc Cor, Natrum Carb, Natrum Sulph, Nitric Acid, Nux Vomica, Sulphur, Thuja, Aconite, Aesculus, Ambra g, Antim Crude, Antim Tart, Argentums Nitricum, Benzoic Acid, Bryonia, Calcaria Phos, Capsicum, Chamomilla, Colchicum,. Clematis, conium, digitalis, fluoric acid, Ipecauc, kali Ars, phosphoric acid, Rhus Tox, sarsaparilla, staph, tarantula, alumina, ammonium Mur, Bovista, Baryta Carb, Baryta Mur, Calcaria Flour, Ignatia, Mag Carb, petroleum, sepia, Silicea, Zincum Met, Secale Cor, phosphorous and many other medicines.