Vomiting is usually an indication that there is something amiss. Most individuals vomit occasionally due to overeating, indigestion or taking too much alcohol. However, if the patient vomiting frequently or regularly or frequently, the situation should be investigated.
Following outcomes should be noted in case of vomiting
ü The quantity, reaction, color and consistency of the vomitus.
ü The presence of mucus, blood, bile, worms, or undigested food in the vomitus.
ü Check whether the vomitus is of a specific type.
ü Check the time of vomiting in relation to food and medicine.
ü Ascertain whether vomiting was accompanied by pain or relieved by pain. If vomiting relieves pain, it may indicate the presence of gastric ulcers, cancer, or dyspepsia. Cramp like abdominal pain accompanied by vomiting is a sign of colic.
ü Note the frequency and duration of vomiting.
ü Also evaluate the patient for the presence of the consequences of vomiting such as dehydration and other consequences.
Causes of vomiting
Vomiting can be initiated by afferent input to the vomiting center from a number of receptor throughout the body. The causes of vomiting include the following:
- Tactile (touch) stimulation of the back of the throat, which is one of the most potent stimuli. For example, sticking a finger in the back of the throat or even presence of a tongue depressor or dental instrument in the back of the mouth is enough stimulation to cause gagging and even vomiting in some people.
- Irritation or distension of the stomach and duodenum.
- Elevated intracranial pressure, such as that caused by cerebral hemorrhage. Thus, vomiting after a head injury is considered a bad sign; it suggests swelling or bleeding within the cranial cavity.
- Rotation or acceleration of the head producing dizziness, such as in motion sickness.
- Chemical agents, including drugs or noxious substances that initiate vomiting either by acting in the upper parts of the gastrointestinal tract or by stimulating chemoreceptor in a specialized chemoreceptor triggering zone next to the vomiting center in the brain. Activation of this zone triggers the vomiting reflex.
- Psychogenic vomiting induced by emotional factors, including those accompanying nauseating sights and odors and anxiety before taking an examination or in other stressful situations.
Homeopathic treatment for vomiting
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat vomiting but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat vomiting that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of vomiting:
Ipecauc – ipecauc has vomiting preceded by much nausea, a clean tongue and it is especially apt to occur after a meal, it is of doubtful value, however, in vomiting of cerebral origin. Persistent nausea and vomiting is its chief indication.
Aethusa – child cannot bear milk in any form; it is vomited in large amount of hard curds; vomiting is preceded by deadly nausea; excessive weakness, prostration and deep sleep followed the nausea; appearance of child is as if it were dying; pale Hippocratic face, whitish blue pallor around the lips and nose, eyes sunken ; regurgitation of food of food an hour or so after eating; copious greenish vomiting.
In babies vomiting is generally accompained by thin, yellow, greenish slimy stool. Patient is hungry after vomiting. Complete absence of thirst.
Phosphorous – a very useful remedy in chronic vomiting of dyspepsia. There is great thirst for cold water, but as soon as it becomes warm in the stomach it is vomited. Phosphorous is also useful in vomiting of blood in gastric ulcer and cancer.
Iris V– periodical vomiting spells and especially vomiting of sour matters so sour as to set teeth on edge.
Antim tart – constant nausea, vomiting and indigestion, nausea and vomiting from milk. Violent retching, gagging and straining to vomiti. Spasmodic vomiting; vomiting relieves the nausea. Vomits even water. Vomiting of thick, white ropy mucus. Vomiting is relieved by lying on right side. Drowsiness and prostration after vomiting.
Arsenic album – vomiting and diarrhea; vomiting of everything taken, even sips of water, cold fluids are vomited immediately. Cannot tolerate smell or sight of food. Little hot water, relieves temporarily. Burning pain in abdomen, better by warm drinks and applying heat externally.
Bismuth – vomiting of all fluids as soon as taken, with burning and cardialgic pains; vomiting and purging or vomiting alone, with great prostration, warm surface, white tongue, flatulency and cadaverous-smelling stools, desires company. Vomits at interwel of days enormous quantities when food had filled the carcinomatous stomach, with burning, cardialgic pains.
Bryonia – vomiting of solid food, not of drink; first of bile, then of food; of bitter substances, of yellow-green mucus; wants to keep still, the least motion, sitting up, moving about, even the motion of hand, aggravates nausea or provokes vomiting, all food is ejected at once.
Cocculus – motion of vessel or carriages nausea and produces vomiting; headache, with a strange feeling in head; vomiting, with vertigo from rising up when in lying position; spasmodic pain in stomach.