Abstract– Post viral or bacterial lymphadenitis is a common sequel encountered in day to day practice and most commonly seen in the paediatric and adolescent age group due to lack of proper nourishment. 90% of the age group between 4-8 years present with lymphadenitis of acute origin whereas in adolescent age group chronic lymphadenitis is commonly viewed in today’s world.
In Tropical countries there is rampant tubercular lymphadenitis which needs to be diagnosed at the earliest to avoid spread to other organs. Proper homoeopathic treatment with proper clinical understanding replaces need for surgical excision.
Keywords- Boger, Hahnemann, Silica, Pathological, Kikuchi Fujimoto, Chronic, Cervical Lymphadenitis, Tuberculosis, Boericke, Phatak, Clarke, Materia Medica.
Introduction– Bacteria such as tuberculosis, staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus and viruses like influenza and Hemophilus A and B are known to cause chronic lymphadenitis in earlier age groups. Depending on the etiological factor the prognosis of the case is defined.
India being the epitome of tuberculosis, it has to be ruled out before treatment as it medicolegal responsibility to notify case of tuberculosis to prevent its spread further and to establish and identify cases of drug resistant tuberculosis.
A 15-year-old boy comes to the OPD with chief complaints of
swelling on right side of the neck since 3 weeks <4-5 days
O- Gradual P- Increasing
Sensation- Pain on pressure
> applying Balm
H/O- Fever (1 episode) 2-3 months back with Weakness and Fatigue
No H/O- 1. Cough
- Weight loss
- Night sweats
Patient As A Person: –
Likes- Sweets ++
Thermal Reaction- HOT+3
Past History – Malaria 5-6 years back
Family History- Grandmother- Hypertension and Diabetes
Anger++ when someone blames him for something he hasn’t done. Retaliates by shouting at them without any grudges.
- Hb- 13.1 g%
- RBC count- 5.23 million/cu mm
- Total WBC Count- 6900/cu mm
- Platelets- 186000/cu mm
ESR- 10 mm at 1 hour
- a circular mass on the right side of neck just below the angle of mandible
- Skin colour
- Size- 2-3 centimeters in diameter.
- No heat
- Consistency- Firm
- Fluctuant mass
- Tender on pressure
Lymph nodes- Mildly palpable on both sides (but not visible)
- Fine Needle Aspiration – Rule out Kochs
- X ray chest PA View
(Patient had already been to a surgeon and he had advised to get a biopsy done but the relatives didn’t want to get any operative procedure done so they denied to get an FNAC done)
Fig 1. Right Cervical Lymphadenopathy.
Figure 2: – X- Ray Chest PA revealed increased bronchial markings. Both costophrenic angles normal.
|Kikuchi- Fujimoto Disease
(histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis)
|Chronic Cervical Lymphadenitis (Reactive Lymphadenitis)
Epstein Barr, herpes zoster.
Common in Adolescent Asians
Staph Aureus, Streptococcus Influenza, etc.
|Symptomatology||Benign condition presenting with lymphadenopathy, mild fever, rash, night sweats, myalgia and systemic symptoms.
Duration- 2-3 weeks to develop
Resolution- 3-4 months
|Fever- mild or high grade
|Fever, night sweats, weight loss, fatigue, anorexia, hemoptysis, cough with expectoration.
|Unilateral Lymph node swelling- above clavicle, posterior cervical and in axillae.
|Tender lymph nodes
Unilateral or Bilateral lymphadenopathy
|Mycobacterium TB affects the deep cervical, mesenteric and ancillary lymph nodes.
Matted lymph nodes (Conglobated)
|FNAC||reveals necrotic tissue with karyorrhexis.||Non necrotic tissue||Necrotic tissue with giant cells presents.|
|CT Scan||Non specific
Homogenous nodal enlargement
Central Nodal necrotic changes
|Non necrotic homogenous nodal enlargement.||Necrotic Lymph nodes
With or without caseation.
conglobate/Matted lymph nodes.
|WBC count||Reduced||Increased or Normal||Increased|
Provisional Diagnosis: Chronic Cervical Lymphadenitis, ICD Classification – I88.1
- Time duration- 3 weeks
- No signs of acute inflammatory changes
- Tenderness is present at the site.
- No night sweats, sudden weight loss, anorexia,
- ESR- 10 mm- TB lymphadenopathy ruled out.
Hahnemannian Disease Classification- Dynamic, Chronic, Miasmatic with fully developed Symptoms.
Paucity of Symptoms–
One comes across cases in which, in spite all the efforts of a physician, the case record is very poor in symptomatology. The symptoms that depict the individual are conspicuous by their absence. The few symptoms that are available indicate merely the changes that occurred in tissues and organs.
Fig 3: Miasmatic Understanding.
“With an enormous increase in available pathogenetic symptoms we do not feel this need so acutely, albeit often to our own disadvantage. Most prescribers gradually enlarge the scope of their remedies quite beyond their seemingly legitimate sphere of action. This springs from the fact that the simillimum releases reactive power strong enough to re-establish harmony, which in turn is capable of sweeping away almost any morbid condition.”
- Anger- contradiction from
- External throat Right Cervical glands swelling
- Pain in cervical glands
- Perspiration- axilla
- Sweets desire
- Hot patient
Fig 4: Reportorisation sheet.
| Nitric Acid
|Constitution||Malnutrition with gastric disturbances. Carbo-nitrogenoid constitution. Right Sided||Malnutrition due to imperfect assimilation. Organic changes deep and slow. Scrofulous.
|Affinity for margins of orifices with additional effects to glands.
|Particular||Emaciation about neck. Feels stiff and swollen.
Profuse Sweat of Feet
|Hard cold swelling of the cervical glands.
Profuse Offensive sweat of Feet and Axilla.
|Stiffness of neck. Swelling of both glands cervical and axilla.
Offensive sweat in axilla at night.
|Mind||Head Strong. Haughty when sick. Little things annoy him. Extreme sensitiveness.||Yielding
Weakness of memory
Desire for Sweet things
Desire cold water
Desire Ice cream
Desire- Salt and Fat
Table 1: Differentiation of the remedies
- Hard swelling of cervical glands
- Malnutrition of children
- Perspiration of axillae
- Desire cold water
- Anger on contradiction
- Kents Materi medica has mentioned that there is extreme heat intolerance in Silicea Patients.
- More pathological symptoms compared to generals.
- No characteristics seen at the level of generals.
- No prodromal symptoms seen.
- Chronic Disease
- Slow Pace of disease
- Low Sensitivity at the level of mind and body
POSOLOGY- SILICEA 30 qds
- More pathogenetic symptoms than general symptoms
- Low Susceptibilty
- Absence of prodromal and functional symptoms
- Syco- Tubercular Miasm
Reference (Symposium Volume 2)
Pathological Prescribing- At times in a chronic case with advanced pathology, there is a lack of clear cut indications for the chronic constitutional prescription, due to paucity of characteristics and concomitants. The striking pathological condition indicates the remedy in such cases. It needs to be prescribed frequently in low potency.
Ancillary Mode of Treatment-
- Vitamin Supplementation- Vitamin C, Vitamin B12, Vitamin D3 and Calcium.
- Proper nutritious balanced diet to be followed.
- Add protein to diet to build immunity.
Follow Up Criteria-
- Swelling of the right side of neck
- Any New Complaints
Fg 5: 22/5/2021
|19/5/2021||1. Swelling of right side cervical lymph nodes
2. Generals – N
Few mildly enlarged and sub centimeter sized non necrotic lymph nodes are seen on rt side of neck at the level of II, III, V. No hilar or mediastinal lymphadenopathy. No pulmonary Abnormality.
3 pills every 1 hourly
|22/5/2021||1. Swelling of right-side cervical lymph nodes
2. Generals – N
3 pills every 1 hourly x7days
Fig 6: 29/5/2021
|29/5/2021||1. Swelling of right-side cervical lymph nodes
2. Generals – N
3 pills every 1 hourly
|2/6/2021||1. Swelling of right-side cervical lymph nodes
2. Generals – N
3 pills every 2 hourly x7days
|12/6/2021||1. Swelling of right-side cervical lymph nodes
2. Generals – N
3 pills every 4 hourly x7days
- Application of Boger’s Approach in pathogenetic conditions
- Prescribing when there is paucity of symptoms
- Clinical approach to lymphadenitis cases
- Miasmatic Study- Syco tubercular miasm.
We thank Dr Mohanbhai Patel, Chairman, The Homeopathic Education Society (Smt. Chandaben Mohanbhai Patel Homeopathic College), Dr Asmita Parikh; General Secretary, The Homeopathic Education Society (Smt. Chandaben Mohanbhai Patel Homeopathic College) and Dr Parizad Damania- Principal, Smt. Chandaben Mohanbhai Patel Homeopathic College for the encouragement, support and hospital infrastructure.
Corresponding author: Dr Rakesh Gupta, President of Satva Charitable Sanstha. HOD and Associate Professor, Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Smt Chandaben Mohanbhai Patel Homeopathic Medical College, Mumbai, India.
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