Last modified on January 17th, 2019

Dr. S.R. Phatak describes the clinically confirmed symptoms of the homeopathic remedy Leptandra in his Concise Materia Medica, published in 1977.


      It affects the right side and liver, causing haemorrhages due to liver affections. Burning, in hepatic region. Bilious states. Weakness, hardly able to stand or walk. Jaundice.


      Hopeless; despondent and drowsy; with hepatic affections.


      Dull frontal headache; with aching in navel.


      Smarting and aching in eyes.


      Tongue, yellow, or black down centre.


      Craving for cold drinks which worse burning and aching in stomach. Bilious vomiting. Sinking at the pit of stomach. Meat and vegetables disagree.


      Sore or dull, burning ache over liver or near gall bladder; extending down over bowels to navel or towards left scapula or along spine, which feels chilly. Liver swollen transversely. Acute liver conditions. Gallstones. Constant dull aching in umbilical region. Stools; muddy, watery; worse morning, TARRY OR BLACK; FOUL. Stringy, waxy or spurting, in the morning; with pain at navel. Dysentery; after diarrhoea. Prolapsing piles; with haemorrhages. Jaundice, with clay coloured stools. Feeling as if something was passing out of the rectum.


      Red or orange coloured urine, with dull aching in lumbar region.


      Menses; suppressed or retarded, with liver affection. Leucorrhoea; warm, watery; runs down the limbs; from ulceration of the os.


      Soreness at. Pulse slow and full.


      Pain in sciatic nerve (left); worse on sitting. Nails very thin, soft and splitting.


      Chilly along the spine and down the arm.


      Lying on abdomen; on side.


      Cold drinks. Motion. Periodically. Wet weather.


      Bapt; Card-m; Chion.



About the author

S.R. Phatak

S.R. Phatak

A pioneer of Homoeopathy in Maharashtra, Dr Shankar Raghunath Phatak was born on 6th September, 1896. He did his MBBS from Grant Medical College, in 1924. Started his practice but somehow not satisfied with Allopathic Treatment.

He was convinced about Homoeopathy while going through Sir William Osler's writings on 'History of Medicine' so switched over to an entirely Homoeopathic Practice in 1932. He also started working on Homoeopathic literature along with his Practice.

He has contributed immensely to homoeopathic literature. He was an ardent follower of Dr Boger. His Repertory is based on Boger's ''A Synoptic key to Materia Medica'.

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