Plumbago. Black Lead. An allotropic modification of carbon. (The finest specimens contains traces of iron, 0.04 to 0.6 per cent, poor qualities as much as 4 per cent.) Trituration of prepared Black Lead from finest English drawing-pencils.
Acne. Amenorrhea. *Anus, *affections of. Blepharitis. Breasts, indurated, cancer of. Cancer. *Catarrh. *Chaps. Chlorosis. Colic. *Constipation. Deafness. Dropsy. Dysmenorrhea. *Ears, *affections of. *Eczema. Epistaxis. *Erysipelas. *Eyes, *affection of. Face. erythema, of. *Feet, affection of. Fissures. Gastralgia. Glandular swellings. Gleet. *Gravel. Hemorrhoids. Headache. Herpes. *Hydrocele. *Influenza. *Irritation. Lachrymal duct inflamed. Leucorrhoea. Lips. cracked. Liver, indurated. *Menstruation, disorders of. Leucorrhoea. *Nails, disorders of. *Noises in head. *Nose, *affection of. Nose-bleed. Obesity. Ovarian tumors. *Paralysis. Parotitis. *Pityriasis. Priapism. Pruritus vagina. *Psoriasis. Ptosis. *Rectum, *affections of. Rhus poisoning. Scars, inflamed. Scrofula. Seminal emissions. Skin, affections of. *Smell, *disorders of. Stomach, cramp in. Sycotic diathesis *Syphilis. Trichiasis. Tumours. Ulcers. *Urine *disordered. Uterus, cancer of. Vaccination, effects of. Wens. Whooping cough. Worms. Zona.
The first idea of using this substance as a drug, says Hahnemann, is due to S. Weinhold, who was led to it by seeing workmen in a mirror-factory use it as a local application for tetters. Ruggieri followed him, using it both internally and locally. Hufeland relates the cure of a lady, 41, by the internal and external use of *Graphites, of an acne rosacea which had defied all other modes of treatment. Teste classes *Graphites in *Pulsatilla group with *Silicea, *Calcarea, *Hepar, and *Phosphorus He gives the following among other symptoms as common to *Pulsatilla, *Silicea, and *Graphites: “Anxious, changeable, wavering mood, aversion to work, vertigo with cloudiness, a sort of intoxication in the morning, sense of fullness or emptiness in the head, drowsiness in daytime, single, acute, deep shocks in right half of brain, flickering before eyes, suspension of visual power, photophobia,’ lachrymation in open air, foul smell before nostrils, amenorrhea, swelling of right testicle, swelling of veins, wandering pains,pain in the parts not lain, heaviness in affected parts, rheumatism at nape of neck, sweat at night having odor of urine, drowsiness in daytime.”
Hahnemann was quick to perceive that *Graphites Was much more than a mere remedy for skin affections. Like that other great skin remedy, *sulphur, *Graphites proved to be a leading antipsoric. Hahnemann’s provings and observations defined its powers over skin affections. Its special characteristic is: “Eruptions oozing out a thick, honey-like fluid.” Wherever such eruptions are found *Graphites is in all probability the remedy. I have cured many cases, notably some occurring on the occiput, and behind the ears. It is no less frequently a remedy for the results of repelled eruptions of the kind. Nash records such a case: A child had been “relieved” of an eczema capitis under old-school treatment, whereupon, enterocolitis set in, and became so alarming that it was pronounced “consumption of the bowels.” Nash when called in found the child greatly emaciated, with little or no appetite, very restless, passing *”stools of brown fluid mixed with undigested substances, *and of an intolerably fetid odor.” *Graph 6M (Jenichen) cured promptly. *Graphites being one of the forms of Carbon, it is therefore related to *Carbo ani., and *Carbo veg., and as it contains a small percentage of iron, it is also related to *Ferrum.
*Graphites causes slight erethism, at first then a weak, relaxed, condition, anemia, chlorosis. The typical *Graphites patient is “fat, chilly, and costive.” Lymphatic glands are swollen. Like the skin, the mucous membranes are cracked and fissured, and have scanty secretions. Irregularities in the distribution of the blood occur, pallor of skin and mucous membranes. The circulation is at first excited, then follows loss of energy and consequent venous hyperemia. Fainting readily occurs with great anxiety, motion is impaired and the tissues relaxed, but paralysis is not
complete. A marked characteristic of *Graphites is a rush of blood to head, with flushed face. I have cured two very severe cases of nose-bleed in elderly people where this symptoms was present. In one case there has been flushing of head and neck for many months previous to the attack, and flushing preceded and accompanied each occurrence of the bleeding. In the other case the patient said the precursory flush seemed to come up from his toes. He had his nostrils plugged, without avail, before I saw him. *Graphites, in a high potency, cured promptly in both instances. Hahnemann gives the symptoms on which I based the prescription as follows: “Bleeding of the nose at 10 p.m., preceded in the afternoon by rush of blood to the head, and heat of face.” There is also “rush of blood to head, with distension and flatulence.”
*Graphites is suited to persons who have a tendency to put on unhealthy fat. Defective animal heat from defective oxygenation, always cold, indoors or out. Chlorotics. Affections of glands, skin, and mucous membranes, especially at orifices. The *Graphites condition is not sensitive and herein it differs from *Hepar, which, has extreme sensitiveness of affected parts. The tone of mind is sad and integumentary parts. There is a very characteristic symptoms in reference to the hearings: ” hardness of hearing better when riding in a carriage.” There is a sore throat like that of *Lachesis, sensation of a lump, worse on empty swallowing. It has also a “lump” sensation at the stomach. It resembles *Lachesis, too in its flushings, in gastralgia better by eating. Hurries to meals to relieve violent pain at epigastrium, especially to dinner and supper. Goullon cured two notable cases of cramps in the stomach with “Improvement of the cramps by eating.” There was also clean tongue. Milk agree well, especially hot milk. In one case roast meat agreed, but not boiled meat, and, still less, potatoes. In the morning there was a fishy taste, disappearing later in the day. Another cure by Goullon was of a young lay who was troubled with salivation, coming on any time, sometimes just before sitting down to dinner, often when riding in a carriage, less often when riding in a train. She was prevented by it from seeing company, and was low- spirited. There was also habitual costiveness. *Graphites 12 at first aggravated and then rapidly cured. Goullon understood the power of *Graphites, perhaps, more completely than any other writer, and I will give another of his cures, as it illustrates several points in the drug’s action. A well-grown, healthy- looking girl of fifteen had violent headache in right temple *every four weeks, the pain was stinging. Glittering before the eyes frequently preceded and followed the attack, which recurred to the hour, and sometimes also on the following day. Drowsiness accompanied the attack, deep sleep, heat and redness of the head, followed by a chill *Sepia 6 relieved the headache, but the glitter remained. The heaviness of the eyelids led Goullon to *Graphites (which causes ptosis). His choice was strengthened on learning that there had been no menstruation, and finally she “had a degree of hoarseness that indicated chronic hypertrophy of the tonsils. (A. Vogel claims this to be a sign of scrofula derived from syphilis.”). *Graphites* 2x trit., in two-grain doses, was given six mornings in succession. The period for the headache passed without recurrence, and the sensation of lights completely disappeared (*H.R., vi. 271). *Graphites causes suffocative spells which arouse the patient from sleep, he must jump out of bed, worse after midnight (*Lachesis Worse after sleep). There is a diarrhoea of thin, offensive, partly digested stools. Constipation is more common, the stools being in lumps coated with mucus, and with mucous shreds. Habitual costiveness and, in females, scanty menses form a keynote indication when found associated with other complaints, as headache, skin-affection, etc. Moist itching excoriation around anus and fissures. The male sexual organs are affected as well as the female: Uncontrollable sexual excitement, with violent erections, Priapism. (I have frequently seen this condition produced in patients taking *Graphites for other things, and have frequently relieved priapism with *Graphites) Impotence. In the female the breasts are affected. Pain under left breast at menstrual period, often waking patient in the night. Hysterical melancholia with occipital headache Leucorrhoea profuse, in gushes, excoriating. It has many symptoms in common with *Sepia, but *Graphites affects the ovaries more markedly then the latter. There is a feeling as if the uterus would press out at the vagina. Stiffness of knees. The *skin of *Graphites* is rough, hard, and dry. Eczematous and herpetic eruptions predominate. Eruption on occiput exuding gluey humor, eczema of ear, moist eczema round anus. Pimples, acne. Wens. Gastro-intestinal affections alternating with acne and erythema of face, herpetic lesions or scrofulous hypochondriasis. Excoriations between toes. Syphilitic and “constitutional” ulcers. Recrudescence of scars. Cracks and fissures. Offensive discharges and secretions. Sweat: stains yellow, sour, offensive. The senses are abnormally acute: music causes weeping, cannot tolerate the smell of flowers. Weak, exhaustion of whole body. Spasms, contractions of muscles, twitching of eyelids. Cataleptic condition. Sensitiveness of internal parts, numbness in various parts, drawing pain in whole body. Pain as if head were numb, or pithy, or made of wood. Pain as if broken. “Intense, heavy weight in occiput, as if head drawn back, must rest it, unable to read or think” (result of 2x and 3x, on three separate occasions in a patient of Dr. W. Epps. *Chi. Ix. relieved in a few days. *Hom. *Rev., xl. 162.) As if skin of forehead was drawn into folds. As if a skin were before ear. As if a hard body as large as an egg were behind ear. As of a cobweb over the face. As of a lump in stomach, with beating as of two hammers. As if intestines were torn, croaking as of a frog in abdomen. As if everything would be torn to pieces during menstruation. Bearing-down pains in various parts. Rest better, motion worse. Riding in a carriage worse many complaints, but better hardness of hearing. Worse Lying on left side. Cold drinks, cold air, damp, wet atmosphere, washing worse. Warmth worse tearing pain in teeth, warmth of bed worse itching, Ameliorated crampy pain in stomach, scrofulous affection of bones. Eating better cramps in stomach, hot drinks, especially hot milk, better. Worse In open air, in wind. Bathing after measles causes paralysis of face. Getting feet wet causes delayed menses. Attacks occur during summer and autumn. Ears feel stuffed at the full moon. Suffering parts emaciated. Overlifting easily. Haemorrhages. (When giving *Graphites internally in cases of anal eruption I have found the external use of an ointment made with a drachm of the 3x trituration to an ounce of Cetacean ointment of great service. Hirsh, or Prague, has also used *Graphites Locally in cases of disease of the nails, with very good results.).
*Antidoted by: Aconite, Arsenicum Nux-v. *Antidote to: Arsenicum Iodium, Rhus-t. *It follows: Calcarea, Lycopodium, Pulsatilla, Sepia, Sul. *Complementary: Causticum, Hepar, Lycopodium *Compare: Petrol., Lachesis, Carb-v., Carb. a., Causticum, Nit ac., Rhus (erysipelas, left then right, Graphites, right then left), Antim crud., Ratan., Peon, Nit ac., Silicea In priapism. Pic., ac. In affections of right ovary, Pallad., Opium Laughing and weeping alternately,. Aur, Pul., Lycopodium Stramonium, Alumina Hears better in cars. Nit ac. Obesity, Calc-a. Trichiasis, Borax. Erysipelas beginning on nose, Cantharis Fat constitutions, Calcarea Burning excoriating discharge from eyes, Arsenicum (but with Arsenicum There is spasmodic closing of lids), Sul. has margins of lids reddened, with Graphites they are paler then usual, Euphr. has thick, purulent discharge, Graphites has thin. Profuse salivation, Bism. Graphites is a chronic, or overgrown Pulsatilla (but Pulsatilla has worse, and Graphites has better from milk).
Grief. Fear. Overlifting.
Dejection, sadness and profound melancholy with discouragement and much weeping. Feels miserably unhappy. Agitation, compression of the heart, and anguish, as if at the point of death, or under the fear of some calamity, often with headache, vertigo, nausea, and perspiration. Anxious agitation (with inclination to grief, anxiety about the futures). Agitation and inquietude in the morning. Much inclined grieve and cry in evening, whilst in forenoon she had laughed about every trifle, contrary to her habit. Weeping without cause. Obliged to weep at music. Timid disposition. Irresoluteness with excessive cautiousness and hesitation. Too great susceptibility to impressions. Tendency to be frightened. Irascibility. Dread of labour. Extreme hesitation, unable to make up her mind about anything. Absence of mind. Forgetfulness with misapplication of words in speaking or writing.
Fatigue in consequence of intellectual labour. Sensation of numbness in the head. Intoxication and vertigo, especially in the morning on rising, or on awaking (the forehead is contracted, with nausea and vomiting), as well as in the evening, with want to lie down. Confusion in the head. Attacks of headache, sometimes semi-lateral, with nausea and acid vomiting. Feeling of looseness of the whole brain. Violent headache with eructations and nausea, during menstruation. Periodical unilateral headache, with constipation and amenorrhea. Pain in the head as if the head were numb and pithy. Violent headache in the morning, driving out of a cold perspiration, and inducing syncope. Headache from the motion of a carriage, as well as on moving the head, or during and after a meal. Headache on the side which presses the pillow. Tension and pressive constriction in the occiput, with stiffness at the nape of the neck. Intense heavy weight, or dull pressure, in upper part of occiput, with a feeling as if the head were drawn back, obliging him to rest his head, unable to read or work while pain lasts. Sensation of compression and contraction in the forehead. Compressive pain in the vertex in the afternoon, with rotatory movement in the head. Burning on the top of the head on a small spot. Ebullition of blood, with beating and buzzing in the head. Fullness in and congestions to the head, the menstruation being suppressed. Tearing and pulling in the scalp, in the teeth, and in the glands of the neck. Itching in the scalp. Humid scabs on the head. Humid, spreading, scurfy eruption on the top of the head, painful to the touch, as if from subcutaneous ulceration, and emitting a disgusting odour, extending down to sides of the head into the whiskers, after scratching, more sore and humid, later drying up to white scurf. Sweat on the head, while walking in the open air. Smooth large wens on the hairy scalp, the hairy scalp is very hot, and itches very much, esp., when walking in the open air. Abundant desquamation of the scalp. Falling off of the hair, even on the sides of the head and the whiskers. Rheumatic pains in the scalp, principally in the sides, extending to the teeth and cervical glands, worse when walking and becoming cold in open air, better from warmth and while getting warm when walking. Perspiration smelling acid or very offensive, colouring the linen yellow, on the head (as on the whole body) at night and during the day, from he least exercise, worse even while talking, better when walking in the open air. The hair turns grey.
Eyelids heavy and falling, as if paralysed. Aching in the eyes and eyelids, as if sand had been introduced into them. Shootings in the eyes. Heat and burning sensation in the eyes, especially by candle-light. Inflammation of the eyes, with redness of the sclerotica, injection of the veins, swelling and abundant mucous secretion of the eyelids. Hordeolum, with drawing pain. Dry humor in the eyelids, and in the eyelashes. Agglutination of the eyelids and lachrymation. Pressure and stinging in the eyes, with lachrymation. Agglutination of the eyes early in the morning. Dry gum in the eyelashes. Obscuration of the sight on stooping. Myopia. Confusion of characters on reading. Sparkling before the eyes. Photophobia, especially by day, inflammation and red, swollen eyelids. Intolerance to the light of day.
Shootings and beatings in the ears. Dryness of the internal ear. Fetid smell and discharge of blood and of pus from the ears. Scabs, tetters, running, and excoriation, behind the ears. Hardness of hearing. Hardness of hearing. Better by the motion of the carriage. Singing, tinkling buzzing, and rumbling like that of thunder in the ears. Buzzing in the ears at night. Sensation, as if air were enclosed in the Eustachian tube. Sensation as if the (left) ear were filled with water. Sensation as if a skin were before the ear. Whistling in the ears. Cracking in the ears when moving the jaw.
Swelling of the nose. Sensation of tension in interior of nose. Black pores on nose. Dry scabs in nose. Painful dryness of nose. Nostrils, excoriated, cracked and ulcerated. Fetid smell from nose. Discharge of blood when the nose is blown. Epistaxis, especially in the evening and at night, preceded by rush of blood to head, and heat in the face. Discharge of fetid pus from the nose. Sense of smell sharpened (too sensitive, cannot bear the smell of flowers).Stoppages, and troublesome dryness of nose. Quotidian coryza, on being chilled. Dry coryza, with headache and nausea, which compel the patient to lie down. Flow of mucus from the nose, liquid, or yellowish, or thick, with putrid smell. Fluent coryza, with catarrh (as soon as he becomes cold).
Pale yellow complexion, with livid circles under eyes. Flushes of heat in face. Erysipelatous inflammation and swelling of the face (burning and stinging, the erysipelas spreading in rays), with eruption of vesicles. Erysipelas preceded by chills and heat alternating, beginning right side of face, going to left Encysted tumour on the cheek. Constant sensation, as if the face were covered with cobweb. Semi-lateral paralysis, and distortion of the muscles of the face, with difficult articulation. Drawing and tearing pains in the bones of the face. Eruption on the face in appearance as if the skin were raw. Scabs and moist pimples on the face. Ephelis. Falling off the beard. Ulcers on the internal surface of the lips. Fissures in the ulcerated lips. Ulcerated corner of the mouth. Lips cracked. Scabby eruption on the chin and round the mouth. Painful nodosities in the lower jaw. Swelling and hardness of the submaxillary glands.
Toothache at night, or in the evening in bed, worse by heat, and sometimes with heat of the face and swelling of the cheek. Pains in the molars, on closing the jaws. Lancinating and drawing tooth-ache, esp., after drinking anything cold, and worse by warmth. Pain, as from excoriation, in teeth and gums during and especially after a meal. Easily bleeding & swelling of gums. Fetid odor from the gums and mouth. Discharge of black and sour blood from the teeth.
Dryness of the mouth in the morning. Putrid and urine-like smell from the mouth, gums, and nose. Pains as from excoriation, vesicles and ulcers on the tongue. Bitter taste in the mouth, the tongue being much coated. Taste of rotten eggs in the morning, after rising. Profuse salivation, and accumulation of mucus in the palate and throat. Speech impeded by paralysis of the muscles.
Almost constant soreness of the throat, on swallowing, generally lancinating, with feeling of strangulation. Pain in the throat, even at night, as if there were a plug within it, or as if the food had stopped there. Swelling of the tonsils, with pains when swallowing. Cramps in the throat with feeling of strangulation. Roughness and scraping in the throat.
Bitter or acid taste, with sourness in the mouth and throat. Great thirst in the morning, and after a meal. Immoderate hunger (with acidity of the stomach). Repugnance to cooked food, and to meat: also to anything saline or saccharine. Weakness of digestion, with drowsiness, headache, pains in the stomach, fullness, and inflation of the abdomen, after a meal. Hot things disagree with stomach.
Frequent and sometimes abortive risings., Sour risings, with bitterness in the mouth. Sour regurgitation of food. Bitter and green regurgitations. Frequent hiccough, especially after a meal. Nausea, especially in the morning, or after every meal, with inclination to vomit. Water-brash, at night. Obstinate vomiting of food. Vomiting after the slightest locating, with great nausea and pinching in the abdomen. Retching, with rising up of mucus. Acid vomitings. Colic, and pressure on the stomach, sometimes with vomiting, better by a recumbent position, and by the heat of the bed. Cramp like pains, or squeezing, as from claws in the stomach. At night, pinching in the stomach, with digging in the chest. Burning pain in the stomach, which compels eating. Cramps in stomach better by eating.
Tension, shootings, and beatings in the hypochondria. Hepatic pains after breakfast, which render it necessary to lie down. Fullness and heaviness in abdomen. Abdomen enlarged, tight, inflated. Inflation of the abdomen, with congestion of blood to the head, heaviness in the head, and vertigo. Hardness in the abdomen. Nocturnal, cramp-like pain in all the intestines, with deficient secretion of urine. Incarcerator and accumulation of flatus in the abdomen. Expulsion of an excessive quantity of fetid flatus, preceded by pinchings. Rumbling in the abdomen. Croaking, as of frogs in the abdomen. Painful sensitiveness of the groins. Painful swelling of the inguinal glands. Erysipelatous inflammation, with large vesicles near the navel. Pressive, stitching, boring pain in region of navel, extending into back and hypochondria, with habitual costiveness, worse evening.
Stool & Anus
Obstinate constipation, with hard feces (the lumps being united by mucous threads), and hardness in the hepatic region. Feces hard, knotty, of too great a size, and scanty, A quantity of white mucus is expelled with the stool. Feces too soft. Stools of a putrid, sour smell (with burning at the rectum), or of sanguineous mucus. Mucous diarrhoea. Diarrhoea, with tightness of the abdomen. Feces of a very small size, like a worm. Lumbrici and ascarides. Tenia. Itching, sensation of excoriation, and swelling of the anus. Large hemorrhoidal excrescences in the anus with pain as from excoriation, especially after a stool. Painful and burning cracks between the hemorrhoidal tumors. Prolapsus recti with the varices, as if the rectum were paralysed.
Urgent, anxious, and painful want to make water, with emission drop by drop, with a stitch in me urethra, when emitting it. Scanty secretion of a deep-coloured urine, soon becoming turbid. With white or reddish sediment. Urine of an acrid sour smell. Stream of water small, as if from contraction of the urethra. During micturition pain in the os sacrum. Involuntary emission of urine. Nocturnal emission of urine. Wetting the bed at night. Pain in the coccyx when urinating.
Male Sexual Organs
Tension and cramp-like pains in the genital parts, with troublesome voluptuous ideas. Eruption of pimples on the prepuce, and on the penis. Dropsical swelling of the prepuce and the scrotum. Dropsical swelling of the testes. Voluptuous excitation in the genital parts. Indifference, or extreme excitement of sexual desire. Violence erections. Uncontrollable sexual excitement. Priapism. Absence of erection in the morning. Emission of semen, almost involuntary, without erection. During an embrace painful cramps in the calves. After an embrace coldness of the legs, exhaustion, heat of the body, and perspiration. Absence of emission of semen during coition. Feeble enjoyment during coition. Flatulent colic during the excitement in the genital parts.
Female Sexual Organs
Great aversion to coitus. Vesicles and pimples on the vulva. Excoriation on the vulva and between the thighs. Soreness of the vagina. Painful swelling of the ovaries, worse every time she takes cold or gets her feet wet. Swelling and hardness of ovaries after menses. Tearing, grinding, bursting in right ovary, as if it would burst, before and during menses. Tumour in right iliac fossa, also left Pain in uterus when reaching high with arms. Sensation of bearing down towards the genital parts. Catamenia too slow, too scanty, and too pale. The first menses delay. Suppression of catamenia, with heaviness of the limbs and congestions of blood to the head. Cutting pains on the appearance of the catamenia. During the catamenia, flow of blood from the anus, pains in the limbs, ulcers become worse, swelling of the cheeks or of the feet, catarrh, with hoarseness and coryza, toothache, or cramps and violent cuttings in the abdomen, headache, nausea, pain in the chest, and weakness. Before and during the menstruation, fatiguing cough (morning and during the day.) _ Leucorrhoea, white and liquid, like water, with tension of the abdomen, and weakness in the back. Leucorrhoea, before and after the catamenia. Leucorrhoeal discharge occurs in gushes day or night. Painful sensibility and excoriation of the breasts, with eruption or running phlyctena. Obstruction and induration of the mammary glands. Hard cicatrices remaining after mammary abscess.
Sensitiveness of the larynx. Catarrhal roughness and hoarseness, with sensation of excoriation, burning pain and scraping in the throat, coryza and obstruction in the chest. Voice false (for singing). Accumulation of slimy matter in the chest. Cough, produced by roughness of the throat. Cough at night, or in the evening in bed, excited by taking a full inspiration, with oppression of the chest.
Difficulty of respiration and oppression on the chest. Nocturnal attacks of suffocation, on going to sleep, or on walking in the open air. Suffocative paroxysm at night, awakens him out of sleep, usually after midnight, must quickly jump out of bed, hold himself firmly to something, and quickly eats whatever is at hand, which gives relief, or hoarse cough (asthma). Wheezing respiration. Pain in the chest on ascending, on riding on horseback, on yawning, or on putting the hand on the chest. Perspiration on the sternum every morning. Swelling and induration of the mammary glands. Soreness of the nipples, with small corrosive blisters. Pressive, cramp-like pain in the chest. Spasms in the chest. Shootings in the chest on the least movement.
Palpitation of the heart on the least movement. (Constant emptiness and coldness about the heart and in chest, with sadness.) Region of heart: constriction, pressure, stitches. Sensation like electric shock from heart toward front of neck. Strong pulsations of blood in whole body, but especially about heart, worse by every motion. Throbbing in region of heart, in evening, after lying down, when lying on left side so violent that the covering was moved thereby, with anxiety, disappearing on turning over.
Back and neck
Stiffness in the nape of the neck. Violent pain in the nape of the neck and the shoulders, on stooping the head, and on raising the arms, like a tearing incision. Blisters on the neck. Swelling of the glands of the neck. Tearing in the glands of the neck. Bruising pains in the loins, or violent achings in the loins, like squeezing from claws, or from twisting the body. Contractive pain in the back (between the shoulders). Sensation of tingling in the back. Formication in the back.
Tearing and lancinating in the shoulders. Sensation of contraction in the joint of the elbow, on extending the arms. Cramp and tearing in the hands. Emaciation of the hands. Erysipelas, callosities, dry skin, and cracks in the hands. Pain as from dislocation, in the joint of the thumb. Swelling and inflexibility, stiffness and distortion of the fingers. Granulated eruption and corrosive vesicles on the fingers. Arthritic nodosities on the fingers. Tettery excoriation between the fingers. Thickness of the nails of the fingers.