Kali Bichromicum

Last modified on January 21st, 2019

Kali Bichromicum signs and symptoms of the homeopathy medicine from the Dictionary of Practical Materia Medica by J.H. Clarke. Find out for which conditions and symptoms Kali Bichromicum is used

      Potassae bichromas. Potassic dichromate. Bichromate of Potash. Red Chromate of Potash. K2Cr2O7. Solution in distilled water. Trituration.


Acne. Anemia. Asthma. Blotches. *Bone, *nodes on, *exostoses. *Bronchitis, *croupous. *Burns. Cachexia. *Catarrh. Climacteric flushes. *Coccygodynia. Conjunctivitis. Constipation. Cornea, opacities of. Coryza. Descemetitis. *Duodenum, ulcers of. *Dyspepsia. Ears, pains in, inflammation of, internal and external. Emaciation. Epilepsy. Epistaxis. *Eyes, iritis, *keratitis. Farcy. *Gastric ulcer. *Glanders. Gleet. Gout. Hay fever. Headache. Intermittent fever. *Intestines, ulceration of.

*Lumbago. *Lupus. *Measles.* Mumps. *Neuralgia.* Nightmare. *Nodes. *Nose, pressure at root of, soreness of.* Ophthalmia. *Ozena. *Polypus. Post-nasal catarrh. Pruritus vulvae. *Rheumatism. Rhinitis, atrophic. Sciatica. Scrofula. *Smell, illusions of. Sun-headache. Sycosis. *Syphilis. *Throat, hair sensation in, sore. Tobacco, intolerance of. *Trachea, affections of. Ulcers.* Urethritis. Warts. Whooping-cough.


*Kali bichromicum (with the other *Chromium preparations, *Chro- ac. and *Chro.ox.) owes it introduction into the homoeopathic materia medica to the late Dr. J. J. Drysdale, whose monograph upon it, forming one section of the *Hahnemann Materia Medica, and now occupying pp. 457 to 573 of *Materia Medica Physiological and Applied, is the most complete account of the remedy which we possess. The *Bichromate of Potash, which is manufactured in large quantities from chrome-iron-ore, is the preparation from which all other salts of *Chromium are derived. The native association of *Chromium with *Ferrum is worthy of note. The *Bichromate is largely used in the arts in dying, calico- printing, wood staining, in photography, and as a solution for producing the current in electric batteries. Many of the most remarkable symptoms were obtained from workmen engaged in the preparation of the salt. Some of these had been noted before Drysdale took up the study of the drug. The first proving was published by him in 1844 in the *British Journal of Homoeopathy. The following year it was proved by the Austrian Society. The effects of the drug show profound action on the entire organism, and characteristic features of the utmost value to the prescriber have been brought out, rendering the drug one of the most important members of the homoeopathic tertiary materia medica. Among these keynotes of *Kali-bi. four may be named as pre- eminent: (I) Discharges from mucous membranes of tough, stringy mucus, or mucopus, which adheres to the part and can be drawn out in strings. (2) The occurrence of pain in *small spots. In connection with this is another feature showing a sharply defined action: (3) Punched-out, perforating ulcers, occurring on skin, mucous membranes, and affecting bones (e.g. vomer, palate). (4) Alternating and shifting conditions: Pains wander from part to part, rheumatic pains alternate with gastric symptoms, or with dysentery, headache alternates with blindness, fibrinous deposits extend downwards. Among other leading characters, scarcely less distinctive are: (a) The formation of plugs or clinkers on mucous membranes, especially in the nose. (This may be regarded as an advanced stage of the stringy mucous secretions.) (b) Still another variety of this is the formation of false membranes as in croup and diphtheria, with hoarse, metallic cough, and the formation of casts of the bronchial tubes in fibrinous bronchitis. (c) Yet another characteristic mucous discharge is one of “Jelly-like mucus.” (d) Indigestion from drinking beer, loss of appetite, weight in pit of stomach immediately after eating, flatulence. (e) Among peculiar sensations the “hair sensation” is marked in *Kali-bi. It occurs chiefly on the back part of the tongue and in the left nostril. It can hardly be questioned that *Chromium is the predominant partner in the action of this salt, but it would be wrong to consider the *Kali element as of no account, and it would be still more wrong to disregard the very large proportion of oxygen. It is an oxydising agent and disinfectant that *Kali-bi. is chiefly known in general medicine, and it is probably to the oxygen element that the ulcerating properties of the drug are largely due. One of its effects is “odourless stools,” and the oxygen element is probably accountable for this. Another point in this connection is that the antidotes to poisonous doses of *Kali-bi. are the same as the antidotes to the acids. The *Kali parallels must be sought chiefly in *Causticum and *Kali-carb. The general resemblance is great, but the minute correspondences are not very striking. One possible point of correspondence has been pointed out. Storer (Medorrhinum Adv., xxv.98), cured with *Kali-bi. a case of asthma in a man who noticed that the attacks *were caused by and always followed coitus. The *Kali-bi. was prescribed on other indications, but this symptom must be noted for future verification. *Kali-c. has marked ” worse from coitus,” and also from emissions, and *Causticum has stupid feeling in the head the day though it has not the “blindness followed by headache, the sight improving as the pain becomes worse of *Kali-bi. This is very characteristic and has led me to many cures. Both *Causticum and *Kali-bi. have many symptoms of ulceration internal and external. Nash relates a good cure with *Kali-bi. A women had deep punched-out ulcers with regular edges. One of them had perforated the soft palate and threatened the whole palate. It had a syphilitic appearance, and also a stringy discharge, but not to a great amount. In three weeks *Kali bichromicum 30 made cure which proved permanent, the local condition entirely healed and the patient’s general state improved correspondingly. *Apropos of syphilis Drysdale quotes a long series of cases of syphilis in all stages treated by ***J.E. Guntz with “Chrome water. “This consists of an artificial aerated water containing in 600 grammes of water *Kali-bi. 0.03 grms., *Kali-nit. 0.I grm., *Natr. nit., 0.19 m, *Nat-mur., 0.2, gr., this mixture is incorporated with carbonic acid under the highest pressure, at low temperature, and kept some time before use. The dose given was from half to two bottles daily (each bottle containing 600 grammes) in five doses, given on a full stomach. Even in this dilution the mixture was sufficiently disgusting in taste, and to some quite intolerable. A number of *Kali bichromicum symptoms were produced, but on the whole very notable and evidently specific curative action was observed. Out of 100 casts of primary syphilis 64 remained without constitutional symptoms. In secondary and tertiary syphilis “chrome-water” was also remarkably successful. In strictly homoeopathic practice *Kali-bi. has been no less successful, as its symptoms correspond to a great variety of manifestations of the disease, especially keratitis and iritis, ozaena, bone-pains and nodes, sore throat, syphilitic rheumatism and ulcers. Like *Causticum it has some sycotic symptoms as well, including asthma, early morning worse, gleety discharge, and according to Farrington, scabs on fingers, often about the nails, and on corona glandis. J.B. Garrison records the rapid action of *Kali- bi. in two cases of intermittent fever (*H. R., iii, 105) on an indication given to him by Martin Dischere. The latter once took by mistake an overdose of *Kali-bi., which was followed by vomiting of a large quantity of *bright yellow water, tasting very bitter. Garrison’s first case was a labourer, ill a month with fever, pains and paroxysm at I p.m. Just before Garrison saw him he had vomited ” a large quantity of bright yellow water.” *Kali-bi. Ix, one gr. dissolved in a tumbler of water, a teaspoonful every two hours, cured at once. Case ii. was that of a woman who had been nine months under allopathic treatment, had not been out of the house for two months, and had been told she could not recover. Among other symptoms was this: Vomited much more than she drank: in the morning vomited a large bowlful of bright yellow fluid. The *yellowness of *Kali-bi. secretions and excretions is noteworthy. *Kali-bi. is particularly suited to fat people, and Goullon (quoted *H. R., vi. 267) gives the case of an enormously fat man of “formless colossal body ” who complained of chronic accumulation of phlegm _ he seemed fairly filled up with it, especially in morning _ for which all domestic remedies and mineral waters had been given in vain. *Kali-bi. 2x was ordered, a few grains in hot water every evening. In two weeks the patient could resume his walks. He felt easy on his chest, the accumulation of phlegm disappeared, his bowels became regular instead of constipated. H.W. Champlin (*Medorrhinum Adv., xix. 393), cites a case of chronic rheumatism in an old lady over 70 confirming symptoms of *Kali-bi. She was restless and sleepless at night, and *Rhus relieved this somewhat, but closer investigation brought out this: (I) The pains *changed rapidly from one place to another, and (2) they occupied *small spots that could be covered with the point of a finger. *Kali-bi. cured rapidly. *Kali-bi. also causes: Rheumatic-like or shooting and pricking pains here and there. In one prover (Drysdale himself) the rheumatic pains were worse, and the gastric pains better, after eating. There were cramps in various parts, twitches in hands and feet, stinging pains all over. Pains in short jerks as if a nerve were suddenly pulled. Sudden pains. Pains appear and disappear suddenly. *Diagonal pains, right mamma and left elbow, left forearm and right occiput, right knee and hip, left breast & shoulder Rt. axilla, Lt. thigh, Rt. big. toe, left little finger, right forearm, left elbow, right foot, ankles, shin, left hip, arm, shoulder, right big toe and thumb, wrists and ankles.

Shifting pains and sudden pains. “Indolence” is a characteristic of many conditions _ indolent ulcers, indolent inflammation about and of the eyes, slow scrofulous or sycotic ophthalmia, soreness of the canthi, pustules round the eyes, lids adhering and puffed, whites of the eyes yellowish. The face is bloated and blotched, may be yellowish, acne accompanies headaches and gastric conditions. The tongue is thick and broad and takes the imprint of the teeth. The stomach symptoms are very distressing. Painful vomitings, sour, and mixed with clear mucus, may be bitter from the presence of bile, vomiting caused by every attempt to eat or drink, with distress and burning rawness about the stomach. This corresponds to the vomiting of drunkards, especially in beer- drinkers, also to gastric ulcer. The abdomen swells up immediately after a full meal. Food lies like a load as if digestion were suspended. There is aversion to meat, and longing for beer, and for acid drinks. It removes the chronic effects of drinking too much malt liquor, especially lager beer. Some of the workmen found they could not drink coffee as it made them worse, and they were obliged to take to tea instead. (This bears out Hering’s dictum that “wine-drinkers should take coffee and beer drinkers should take tea.” Coffee antidotes wine and tea antidotes beer, so as *Kali-bi. corresponds to bear effects tea will be likely to agree with it better than coffee). *Kali-bi. causes great prostration, discomfort, debility, and desire to lie down. The neuralgic attacks sometimes recur every day, at the same hour. Epilepsy has been cured by it when there was flow of tough, stringy fluid from the mouth in the attacks. In very weak solutions (about I to 2,000) *Kali-bi. has been used with much success as a local application for ulcers, especially treating horses for farcy, using the remedy both externally and internally. In the cough of *Kali-bi. the stringy, difficult expectoration, and early morning worse will generally indicate, or a pain from mid sternum through to back. But there is also a *cough caused by eating. ***W. J. Pierce (*H.W., xxx 567) records the case of James S., 40. For four months past, as soon as he swallowed food (not liquids), a tickling in throat excited a severe cough, which stopped only on vomiting, and was followed by a watery coryza. This was so distressing that for two months he had eaten only two meals a day. There was pharyngeal catarrh with stringy mucus hanging from nasopharynx. *Kali-bi.I, a tablet every two hours, was given. He had no more vomiting, and only coughed twice in the next five days, and was soon quite cured. *Kali-bi. is credited with the cure of a case of Descemetitis (inflammation of the internal (Descemet’s) membrane of the cornea) with redness of right eye, brightness of the lid and lachrymation. *Kali-bi. removed the spots and relieved the other symptoms. *Kali-bi. is especially suited to fair-haired, fat persons, especially fat, chubby children, fat sluggish people. Most of the symptoms appear in the early morning or are worse then: 2 a.m. heat in pit of stomach, awakes with oppressed breathing, with a start. 2 to 3 a.m. croup, early morning cough, morning diarrhoea, 9 a.m. pain in head begins, goes off in afternoon. Shooting from root of nose to external angle of eye begins morning, increases to noon, and cease towards evening (sun-headache). Affections of autumn and spring. Complaints of hot weather are particularly likely to want *Kali-bi., but at the same time there is “great liability to take cold in open air,” and ” moderately cold air is felt very unpleasantly.” Eruptions begin in warm weather (opp. *Rhus). Open air better symptoms generally, especially vertigo, but worse gastric complaints and chilliness. Uncovering worse, wrapping up better. Warmth better cough, undressing worse cough. Cold weather better itching of eruption. worse By eating, eating causes cough, causes weight in stomach. Touch worse most symptoms, but pressure better. But pressure causes pains to shoot along sciatic nerve. Moving the affected part better the pain. Most symptoms are worse at rest and better by motion. Stooping worse, sitting worse.


In the ordinary text-books the antidotes to Kali-bi. are given as the same as antidotes for poisoning by Acids: Bicarbonates of Soda and Potash, Magnesia, Chalk, Soap, Milk, Eggs, olive or almond oil, also the Hydrated peroxide of iron. But no very brilliant results have been recorded from any of these, and they would be useless unless administered almost immediately after the dose, so rapid is the action of the poison. Among the dynamic antidotes are: Arsenicum, Lachesis (croup, diphtheria, etc.), Pulsatilla (wandering pains). Kali-bi. antidotes: Effect of beer, arsenical vapour, Mercurius, Merc-i. I have found it the best general antidote to the effect of metallic poisoning among brass workers. Compatible: After Cantharis in dysentery, when, though scrapings continue, the discharge becomes more jelly-like, after Apis (scrofulous ophthalmia), after Iodium in croup. It is followed well by: Ant t. in catarrhal affections and skin diseases. Compare: Oxygen, Causticum, Kali-carb. (fat subjects), Kali-i. (syphilis), Chrome-ac. (sudden pains, shifting pains, better motion, ulcerations, rheumatism), Borax (croup, fair subjects), Mez. (bone diseases), nitricum acidum (syphilis), Phytol. (syphilitic bone affections), Spo. (cramp), Silicea (bone affections), Hippoz. (ozena, glanders, farcy), Hecl. (nodes), Hydrast. and Ir-v. (viscous, tough secretions), Lachesis Terebe. (glazed tongue), Kali- ca., Causticum, and Staphysagria ( worse after coitus), Sepia and Teucrium (“clinkers”), Pulsatilla (wandering rheumatism, gonorrheal rheumatism, pains worse in warm room, measles, catarrhal deafness, swelling of salivary glands), Thuja (ozaena in sycotic subjects), Apis (scrofulous ophthalmia), Lachesis (constriction of anus, sensation of plug in anus, diarrhoea brown, frothy, watery, spurting out in early morning and followed by tenesmus ani, dysentery, red, cracked, smooth tongue, blackish stools, typhoid cases, Lachesis has more offensiveness, Kali-bi. more jelly-like or stringy mucus), Cocc. c., whooping-cough (mucus, clear stringy, Kali-bi. yellow stringy), Kaolin (membranous croup _ with Kaolin there is internal and external soreness along course of trachea and upper part of chest _ Farington), Rhus ( better of pain on moving affected part, Rhus has better by warmth, eruptions of Kali-bi. begin in hot weather, those of Rhus in cold), Abies-n., Bryonia, Nux-v., etc. (indigestion with sensation of weight in stomach), Graphites and Rhus (inflammation of external ears, Sul. (sensation of hair in throat).


Indulgence in beer and malt liquors. Hot weather Autumn. Spring.



Ill-humor, low-spirited. Listless. Anthropophobia, taciturnity, misanthropy. Vanishing of thoughts. Aversion to mental (and bodily) exertion. Weak memory. Anxiety arising from chest.


Lightness in the head, across the forehead, on stooping, worse morning. Sudden attacks of giddiness, when rising from a seat. Vertigo on rising up in bed (room seemed to whirl round), on lying down again it became worse and was immediately associated with inclination to vomit. Vertigo, with nausea, inclination to vomit, retching up of sour watery fluid. Frequent sudden attacks of vertigo when standing or walking. Confusion and heaviness in head. Headache in forehead, often only over one eye. Soon after dinner a dull, heavy throbbing about eyes, as if head would burst, better by lying, or pressing head against anything, or in open air, worse stooping or moving about. In morning, when waking, pain in forehead and vertex, later, extending to back part of head. Violent pricking, stinging pain, from root of nose, extending over (left) orbital arch to external angle of eyes, with obscuration of sight, as if scales were before eyes, beginning in morning, increases at noon, and disappears towards evening. Headache comes and goes with the sun. Complete obscuration of sight is followed by violent headache, compelling one to lie down, with great aversion to light and noise, the sight returns with the increasing headache. Stinging headache (in one temple). Periodical attacks of semi-lateral headache, on small spots that could be covered with point of fingers. Morning headache. Headache from suppression of discharge from nose (ozaena). Bones of head feel sore. Stitches in bones of head, as from a sharp needle. Lancinating stitches in right side of head, lasting but a short time. Pressure on vertex, as from a weight. Headache: better by warm soup, by pressure, in open air, by eating, worse by stooping, by motion, by lying on it, at night.


Heaviness of upper eyelid on waking, it requires an effort to open it. Eyelids burning, inflamed, much swollen. Watering, itching and burning in eyes, heat in eyes and desire to rub them, with redness of conjunctiva. Dryness, burning pain, itching. The eyes are glued in morning, accumulation of yellow matter in angles. Oedematous swelling of eyelids. Large acute granulations of lids. Large polypus springing from conjunctiva of upper lid. Itching and redness of eyelids, tender to touch, tarsi seem rough, causing sensation of friction, as from sand on the eyeballs when moving them, feeling of sharp sand in eyes. Conjunctiva reddened and traversed by large red vessels. Rheumatic sclero-iritis with excessive pain and photophobia. Syphilitic iritis. Sequelae of iritis, pains pricking, stinging, wandering, worse left, chemosis, photophobia not commensurate with degree of inflammation. Ulcers and pustules of cornea with no photophobia and no redness. Corneal ulcers tend to perforate rather than spread laterally. Dense long-lasting opacities. Albuginea dirty yellow, appears puffy, with yellowish-brown points, like pin-heads. Soreness in right caruncula. Photophobia, only by daylight, when opening lids they twitch. Lachrymation and burning of eyes. Small white, granular pustules on (left) cornea, with pricking pain. Brown spots on conjunctiva. Obscuration of sight, objects appear yellow. Various colours and bright sparks before eyes.


Stinging in ears, from external meatus into internal ear. Violent stitches in (left) ear, extending into roof of mouth, corresponding side of head and neck, which was painful to touch, glands swollen. External meatus of (left) ear swelled and inflamed. Stitches in (left) ear and (left) parotid gland, with headache. Hard, painful swelling of parotid gland. Discharge of fetid, thick, yellow pus from both ears (after scarlet fever). Itching of lobe of (right) ear (waking him at night). Redness, heat and itching of external ears. Violent tickling and itching in ears.


Nose painfully dry, air passes with great ease through it. Nose dry, burning, stopped up, swelling, worse in warm, better in cool air. Great dryness of nose, with feeling of pressure in nasal bones, also-extending along frontal sinuses with soreness and burning. Tickling, like a hair moving or curling itself in top of left nostril. Sneezing (in morning). Coryza, fluent, worse in evening, in open air, in wind, obstruction in morning and bleeding of nose (right nostril). Coryza fluent, excoriating nose and lips, discharge of mucus streaked with light-colored blood. Profuse secretion from right nostril, a spot in the right lachrymal bone is swollen and throbbing. Flow of acrid water from nostril excoriating nostril and burning upper lip (right). Violent shooting pains from root of nose along left orbital arch. Pinching pain in bridge, better by hard pressure. Pressure at root of nose. Nose stuffed up. Nasal speech. The sensation of a hard substance compels one to blow the nose, but there is no discharge from the dry nose. When blowing nose violent stitches in right side of nose, and sensation as if two loose bones rubbed against each other. Expired air feels hot in nose. Scab on septum. Septum ulcerates. Round ulcer in septum. Small ulcers on edge of (right) nostril, violent, burning when touched. Discharge of large masses of thick, clean mucus from nose, if that ceases he has violent headache, pain from occiput to forehead. Watery secretion with great soreness and tenderness of nose. Discharge of tough green masses from nose. Discharge of hard, elastic plugs (clinkers) from nose. Though accustomed to smoke, every inhalation through the nose caused a sickening sensation like sulfuretted hydrogen. Sensation of fetid smell before nose. Loss of smell. Fetid smell from nose.


Face: pale, yellowish, red in blotches, flushed, anxious expression. Acne. Shooting in left upper maxillary bone towards ear. Shooting inward in left malar bone with pressure, worse in morning. Sensitive painfulness, as if bruised, of bones of face. Syphilitic eruption from root of nose to upper lip. Lupus right side of nose with troublesome itching. Lupus, pustules, impetigo of face, with much itching. Perspiration on upper lip. Lower lip swelled, chapped. Digging pain in rami of lower jaw. Mumps right side. Parotids swollen.


Gnawing, dull burrowing, boring in roots of teeth. Stitches in teeth extending to other parts, and alternating with wandering rheumatic pains. Toothache not better by heat or cold, only momentarily better by pressure. Gum of right lower jaw much swollen, dirty white, extremely tender, teeth that side quiet loose, will not bear slightest pressure, profuse ptyalism, gums of both sides unusually sensitive, cannot masticate any food, liquid food makes gums feels very sore and tongue rough.


Dryness of mouth and lips, better by drinking cold water. Accumulation of saliva in mouth, saliva bitter, viscid, frothy, tasting salt. Papilla very long on dorsum with a brown-coloured patch. Sensation of a hair on back part of tongue. Tongue coated, thick brown, as with thick yellow felt, at root, papillae elevated. Tongue dry, smooth, red, cracked (in dysentery). Ulcers with hard edges, smarting, at mucous surface of lips. Painful ulcer on tongue. Stinging pains in tongue.


Sensation of a hair on back part of tongue and velum, not better by eating or drinking. Erythema of fauces and soft palate, bright or dark red, or of a coppery colour. Soft palate slightly reddened: uvula relaxed, with sensation of a plug in throat, which is not better by swallowing. Deep excavated sore, with a reddish areola, containing a yellow, tenacious matter at root of uvula, fauces and palate presenting an erythematous blush. Posterior wall of pharynx dark-red, glossy, puffed, showing ramifications of pale-red vessels, on middle, towards left side, a small crack, from which blood exudes. Sharp, shooting pain in left tonsil, towards ear, better by swallowing. Burning in pharynx, extending to stomach. In forepart of palate single circumscribed spots, of size of a barley corn, coloured red, as if little ulcers were about to form. Ulcer on roof of mouth, with sloughing (syphilis). Pimples on uvula. Oedematous bladder-like appearance of uvula, much swelling but little redness. Ulceration of uvula and tonsils. Throat pains more when tongue is put out. Sensation as if an acid, acrid fluid were running through posterior nares over palate, causing cough. Discharge of thick yellow matter through posterior nares.


Taste: coppery, sweetish, sour, bitter in morning. Loss of appetite, increased thirst. Longing for beer or acidulated drinks. Aversion to meat.


Eructations of air, relieving an uneasiness of stomach as from wind pent up at great curvature. Sudden nausea. Nausea, with feeling of heat over body, with giddiness, rush of blood to head, worse by moving about, in morning at sight of food, after meals, after stool, excited by drinking and smoking, better by eating, better in open air, with sweetish flat salivation. Nausea and vomiting of mucus. Vomits large quantities of bright yellow water. Vomiting: of undigested food, sour, of bile, bitter, of pinkish, glairy fluid, of blood, with cold perspiration on hands, burning in stomach, heat of face. Burning in stomach and stomach pit. After eating a full meal, which was relished, a sensation as if digestion were suspended, food lies in stomach like a heavy load. Pressure and heaviness in stomach after eating. Giddiness, followed by violent vomiting of a white, mucous, acid fluid, with pressure and burning in stomach. Swelling of stomach (in evening), with fullness and pressure, cannot bear tight clothes. (Round ulcer of stomach, and duodenum.).


Colic alternating with cutting pain at umbilicus, during night. Sensitiveness of abdomen to least pressure. Dull, heavy pressure or stitches in region of liver. Stitches in region of spleen, worse by motion and pressure. Stitches in spleen extending into lumbar region. Tympanitis, whole abdomen feels bloated, followed by eructations. Cutting in abdomen, as from knives, soon after eating. Attacks of periodical spasmodic constriction of intestines, with nausea. followed by a papescent stool and burning in anus, with tenesmus. Stitches through abdomen, extending to spinal column. Chronic ulceration of mucous membrane attended with vomiting of ingesta, hectic and emaciation.

Stool & Anus

Constipation, with debility, coated tongue, headache and coldness of extremities. Scanty, knotty evacuations, followed by burning in the anus. Stool in one mass of excessive hardness. Stools dry, with burning at anus. Constipation, with painful retraction of anus. Very painful evacuation of extremely hard faeces. Periodical constipation (every three months). Stools slate-coloured, bloody. Stools: blackish, watery, yellowish, watery, clay-colored, watery and lumpy, jelly-like, involuntary and often painless and odourless, bloody and extremely painful. Papescent evacuations, with much rumbling in intestines. Morning diarrhoea, wakes from urgent pressure to stool, the watery contents gush out, followed by violent tenesmus, she cannot rise on that account, later, burning in abdomen, nausea and violent straining to vomit. Frequent bloody evacuations, with gnawing pain about umbilicus with tenesmus, tongue smooth, red, cracked. Dysenteric evacuations of brownish, frothy water, with violent, painful pressing, straining and tenesmus. Pressing and straining in anus, with tenesmus. Periodical dysentery every year in early part of summer. Sensation of a plug in anus (can scarcely sit down). Soreness at anus, making it very painful to walk. Fullness in haemorrhoidal vessels.

Urinary Organs

During micturition heat in urethra. During and long after micturition burning in glandular portion of urethra. After micturition burning in back part of urethra (in bulbus urethra, in glands of urethra, in fossa navicularis), with sensation as if one drop of urine had remained behind with unsuccessful effort to void it. Stitches in urethra, especially after micturition. Frequent discharge of watery urine of strong smell, awaking him at night. Continuous desire to urinate during day. Painful drawing from perineum into urethra. Urine with white film and deposit, with mucous sediment. Violent pain in os coccygis, worse when rising, after he sat long, to urinate. Some time in passing urine. Scanty red urine, with pain across back.

About the author

John Henry Clarke

John Henry Clarke

John Henry Clarke MD (1853 – November 24, 1931 was a prominent English classical homeopath. Dr. Clarke was a busy practitioner. As a physician he not only had his own clinic in Piccadilly, London, but he also was a consultant at the London Homeopathic Hospital and researched into new remedies — nosodes. For many years, he was the editor of The Homeopathic World. He wrote many books, his best known were Dictionary of Practical Materia Medica and Repertory of Materia Medica

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