Common names: Squills; (G.), Meerzwiebel; (F.) Ognon marin.
Urginea maritima, Baker. (Scilla maritima, Linn.) Natural order: Liliaceae.
Preparation: Tincture of the bulbs.
Lively, joyous mood. (* Probably curative action.- HAHNEMANN.*) Courage firmness. Anxiety. Anxious mood; fear of death. Great anxiety. Ill-humored at every work; he was cool to people and did not answer. Great ill-humor. Fretful and averse to mental work.
Whining. (* On account of pain of S. 124.-HUGHES.*) Vexed about trifles. Indolence, with aversion to all kinds of mental work, in the morning. Disinclined to think and write. Disinclination to think and depression (after one hour).
Head.-Confusion and Vertigo.
Confused feeling and heaviness in the head, with quiet sleep without dreams, in the morning (after seventy-two hours).
Vertigo, as if he would fall sideways, in the morning on rising from bed (after forty-eight hours). Vertigo, with nausea, as if he had been turning in a circle a long time. Cloudy dizziness in the head (after two minutes). General Head. Heaviness in the whole upper part of the head, in the morning after waking.
Unusual heaviness in the whole head, as if he could not hold it still, only while sitting. Weak and dreamy in the head (after six to twelve hours). Flattening pressure over the whole head, as from a weight (after twelve hours). (Pressive-tearing headache, which does not prevent mental work), (after twelve hours). Dull tingling headache, in the morning after rising. Swashing in the head on shaking it. Forehead. Pressive-drawing pain in the forehead. Pressive pain in a small spot in the left frontal eminence. Burrowing headache in the forehead. A painful piercing thrust in the left frontal eminence (after one hour). Drawing stitch from the forehead into the right ear. Some painful stitches in the forehead, from the left to the right side, associated with drawing. Some slow stitches extending into the right side of the forehead. Stitches in the right frontal eminence, extending down to the nose. Dulness in the sinciput and occiput, as after intoxication, with pressure anteriorly and posteriorly in the head. Temple. Contractive pain in both temples. Violent drawing stitches in the right temple; they seem to constrict half of the brain. Drawing ending in a stitch in the right temple (after half an hour). Stitch in the right temple, extending to the forehead. Vertex and Parietals. Painful sensitiveness in the top of the head. Painful sensitiveness on the top of the head and stupefaction within the head, every morning. Pinching headache in the sides of the head (after half an hour). Occiput. Transient pressure in the occiput. Sudden transient drawing pain in the occiput, from the left side to the right. Drawing, sticking, long-continued pain in the occiput while sitting. Tearing pain in the occiput.
The left eye is visibly smaller than the right; the left upper lid seems swollen and hangs down perceptibly and makes the eye smaller. Staring look. The eyes seem swimming in cold water, for several minutes. Violent tearing in both eyes, at the same time also behind the eyeballs. Contractive sensation in the right eye. Itching of the left eye (after twenty-four hours). Lids. Tickling in the left external canthus. A swarm of fine stitches in the left external canthus. Fine burning in the external canthi.
Lachrymation. Lachrymation and sneezing. Pupil. Dilatation of the pupils. Great dilatation of the pupils (after two minutes).
Contraction of the pupils (after five hours); (after half an hour); (after one hour). Great contraction of the pupils (immediately).
Tearing pain behind the left ear. (Tearing pains within both ears).
Violent constant sneezing and fluent coryza (immediately). She sneezes a few times, at night). Attack of violent fluent coryza, in the morning (after six days). Very violent coryza; the eyes have a dim weak look, and are full of water, in the forenoon (after seven days). Coryza, with ulcerated nostrils. Biting coryza, with frequent sneezing (after forty-eight hours). Acrid mucus in the nose. (Discharge of mucus from the nose). Dry coryza. Sensation of soreness on the margins of the nostrils.
The expression of the face varies, at one time very much sunken, at another lively, without heat or chilliness. Features drawn, tense, with large eyes and dilated pupils, staring looks, and redness of the cheeks, without thirst. Face red and burning (after twenty-four hours).
Vesicles on the tongue. General Mouth. Roughness and scraping far back in the upper part of the palate. Burning on the palate and in the throat. Scraping burning in the palate, similar to heartburn (after five and six days). Stitches extending upward in both canine teeth, as if a sharp cold air penetrated the teeth, when eating and drinking either cold or warm things. Mouth seems sticky and slimy. Saliva. Increased secretion of saliva (immediately). Taste. An unpleasant taste, with a whitish-yellow tongue (fifth day). Bitter taste. (Everything tastes sour and bitter). Burnt taste in the mouth, even while chewing foot, which remained after eating, and was noticed only while swallowing foot. Disgusting sweetish taste of all food, especially meat and broth (after forty-eight hours). Taste is diminished and seems blunted. Tastelessness, when smoking tobacco.
In ten minutes is produced irritation in throat, with heat and tickling, causing constant coughing, for one hour and a half.
Slight irritation to cough, in the pit of the throat, in the upper part of the trachea; he hawks a few times (after one hour). Pain in the submaxillary glands (after three hours).
Stomach.-Appetite and Thirst.
Ravenous hunger (after a few hours). Insatiability, while eating what tastes good; the stomach seems full and yet he is hungry.
Diminished appetite. Weak appetite. Prostrates the appetite Loss of appetite. (* Revised by Hughes. *) Loss of appetite, partly on account of sensation of fulness, partly because the food has a burnt taste, partly because some food has no taste, for example, broth and meat also on account of disgusting sweetish taste, as bread and butter. Complete loss of appetite. (* Not found- HUGHES.*) Complete loss of appetite, could eat nothing, and yet taste was unimpaired. Increased thirst. Thirst, with chilliness, in the evening, without internal or external heat.
Eructations. Frequent eructations. Frequent eructations of a sour taste rising into the mouth. Eructations tasting of the food and qualmishness, after dinner. Eructations of a disgusting taste.
Short eructations. Tasteless and odorless eructations. Empty eructations. Empty eructations, for several hours (after one hour). Nausea and Vomiting. Nausea, with eructations. Excessive nausea. Nausea, in the back of the throat, almost constant accumulation of saliva in the mouth (after forty-eight hours).
Constant alternations between qualmishness in the pit of the stomach and symptoms of diarrhoea in the lower abdomen; when one is present the other is absent, though there are are more indications of diarrhoea. Nausea and inclination to vomit.
Retching. Excessive efforts to vomit. Inclination to vomit, in the epigastric region. Vomiting. Stomach. It spoils the power of digestion. Enervates forces of the stomach. (* Revised by Hughes.*) Pressure in the stomach. Pressure as from a stone, in the stomach. (* Not found.-HUGHES.*) Intermittent pressure in the stomach (after half an hour). Excessive pain in the stomach.
Cardialgia. (* Original revised by Hughes. *) Painful pinching in the pit of the stomach below the chest. Fine stitches in the left side of the pit of the stomach (after thirty-two hours).
Sensation of warmth in the stomach. Discomfort in the stomach. Symptoms of a moderate gastric and intestinal catarrh.
Abdomen.-Umbilicus and Sides.
Griping in the umbilical region. Pain in the side of the abdomen, as if the intestines were forcing though, when coughing and walking. Pressive stinging pain in the abdominal muscles of the left side (after twenty-four hours). Bubbling sensation in the muscles of the right side of the abdomen. General Abdomen.
Abdomen distended. Flatulence. Profuse emission of very offensive flatus (after one hour). Incessant emission of noisy, very offensive flatus, which only momentarily relieved the abdomen.
Loud flatus always passed immediately on touching the abdomen, even frequently. Frequent emissions of flatus (after twenty- four hours). Short abrupt emission of flatus. Painful rumbling and gurgling in the abdomen. Enteritis. Sensation of emptiness in the abdomen, as if one were hungry. Abdomen so tender that the slightest covering could not be borne (after twenty-four hours).
Acute painfulness in the abdomen, which was greatly distended though soft. Pains in the abdomen. Griping in the abdomen.
Griping and rumbling in the abdomen, as from flatus, which passed (after fourteen hours). Griping and rumbling from gas, in the abdomen. Colic. Violent colic. Tension in the abdomen, which, however, feels soft. Tension in the abdomen. Drawing pain in the abdomen, worse when walking, and not relieved by pressure (after twenty-eight hours). Tearing through the abdomen below the umbilicus (after four hours). Increased warmth in the abdomen.
Hypogastrium and Iliac Region. Incarceration of flatus and cutting in the lower abdomen, without emission of flatus.
Rumbling and gurgling by paroxysms, in the lower abdomen above the pubic region, as from flatus, which, however, does not pass (more frequently while walking and standing than while sitting) after eating it suddenly and permanently disappears. Griping in the lower abdomen, renewed the next day at the same hour, relieved and removed by the emission of flatus. Acute pain in the lower abdomen, between the navel and pubic region (as from flatus or as after a purge, or as if diarrhoea would come on), (after two hours). Cutting griping in the lower abdomen.
Stitches in the anus, when walking (after eight days). Itching in the anus.
Diarrhoea, from 2 to 7 A.M., at last very watery, almost without flatulence. Diarrhoea of large brown, very thin, slimy, very offensive faeces, without pain or tenesmus, preceded by emission of flatus, and mingled with threadworms and many white un formed fibres. Stool soft, almost liquid, smelling strongly of sulfuretted hydrogen, accompanied by pain in the small of the back and tenesmus, followed by relief of the griping in the abdomen. Frequent soft stools, with burning in the anus (from larger doses). Stool soft. Pasty stool, without colic. Stool colored with blood. Stool sluggish (from very large doses). Stool diminished at first (from small doses). Very hard stool, daily.
Hard scanty stool, in the evening (after twelve hours).
Constipation. Constipation, for several days. Constipation, after the proving.
Sticking in the orifice of the urethra and somewhat farther back (after two hours and a quarter). Sticking pain in the urethra, while pressing at stool (after eight days). Micturition and Urine. After urinating, desire to urinate again, though there is no urine to pass, lasting three days (after five hours). Violent urging to urinate, he passed an unusual amount of urine that looked like water (after seven hours). Great desire to urinate (after a quarter of an hour). (* The prover was usually in the habit of urinating moderately only twice a day.-HAHNEMANN *) Great desire to urinate and for stool; on first urinating, a thin stool without colic (after ten minutes); on the second desire to urinate, there followed a thin stool without colic. Great desire to urinate, with very little urine (after forty hours). Constant and ineffectual desire to urinate (after a quarter of an hour).
Infrequent desire to urinate and scanty secretion of urine (after twenty hours). Woke at night to urinate (after eighteen hours).
Frequent evacuation of urine, as clear as water; there was a sudden desire to urinate (after one hour). Unable to retain the urine because the amount is too large; it is passed involuntarily if he does not hasten, lasting twelve hours (after a quarter of an hour). Increased secretion of urine (in one prover from large doses); as the stools became liquid, the quantity of urine diminished. Frequent micturition without increase of urine, during the first hour. (*The primary action of squills upon the urinary organs is, at first, great desire to urinate, s. 122, with profuse emission of urine, 190, especially of urine clear as water, 182, 189, at least watery urine even if not profuse, 193.
Several hours after the cessation of the first and positive action of Squills, there follows a secondary action (reaction) as the opposite of the primary action, namely, slight inclination to urinate, scanty discharge, and seldom micturition, 196, 187, 194.
Sometimes of the usual color, 193, but frequently of a dark color, 199, 200, and also with great urging to urinate, though only a little, 185, or even no micturition at all, 181. Now, as all this was not known, not investigated, and not even the methods of research recognized, so there were very few cures of dropsical diseases by Squills, through the several thousand years in which it was employed (for an unknown period previous to the times of the Greeks, Squills was considered by the Egyptians the only remedy for this disease); most of the patients of this sort were all the more quickly and surely hurried into the grave by means of this drug. It was always the cause of great rejoicing, at first, that so much urine was expelled, and a consequent cure was eagerly looked for; but it was not known that this was a primary action of Squills, and that in this case only the opposite of the previous diseased condition, and consequently only a palliative, and it was seen with astonishment, that in spite of increasing the doses there was nothing more than this reaction, namely darker and constantly more scanty and even more and more seldom micturition. Only a few of the diseases attended with swelling (these are very numerous, and the swelling is only a single symptom, hence the name dropsy, which is applied to all of them, as if they were only a single disease, always the same, an unpardonable falsity in pathology), only a few of these dropsical diseases whose symptoms have a general similarity to the positive symptoms of Squills, but whose urinary symptoms especially coincide closely with the primary symptoms of Squills (these are seldom), can be really and permanently cured by Squills. Much more frequently will forms of diuresis (diabetes) occur in which this drug, increasing the secretion of urine as its primary action, and also corresponding homoeopathically to the other symptoms of the disease, will be found a specific and curative remedy.-HAHNEMANN.*) Micturition more seldom than usual, and the secretion more scanty, but the urine not dark (after twenty-four hours),.-Urine more scanty than usual (after forty-eight hours). Scanty evacuation of watery urine (after half an hour). Micturition not more frequent, but urine more scanty than usual, for three days. During the first three days the amount of urine was not increased, but on the fourth day it was increased by 200 grams; this however, is not to be ascribed with certainty to the Squills, because the prover had at least 400 grams more water than usual during the day; on the fifth day, when the usual amount of water was taken, the urine fell to the normal quantity. The average daily quantity of urine, was 1358 cubic centimeters; specific gravity 1023, and the total solids, 69.35 grams; of this amount 27.2 were inorganic, and 42.13 organic matter (for three days before experiment). Urine passed, 1572 cubic centimeters; specific gravity, 1020; total solid matter, 60.67 grams; 31.07 of this amount being inorganic, and 29.60 organic constituents; the urine was of feeble acid action (first day); quantity 1493.5 cubic centimeters, specific gravity 1020, total solids 58.22 grams, inorganic matter 30.15, organic 28.07 grams; reaction same as yesterday (second day); quantity 1535 cubic centimeters, specific gravity 1019, total amount of solids 61.58 grams, inorganic matter 30.58, organic 31.00 grams; reaction, color, etc., were unchanged (third day). Reddish urine, normal in amount, with reddish sediment for three days, with very little desire to urinate (after twenty hours). Urine brownish- yellow, transparent, scanty, and after standing, forming clouds (first eight hours). (* It seemed to be a kind of curative action, since the prover previously had too profuse a secretion and too frequent evacuation of urine.-HAHNEMANN. *) Urine bloody. (Urine hot, and stool with undigested portions and very offensive). The experiments show that Squills in small medicinal doses has no diuretic action, increasing neither the amount of water nor of the solid constituents of the urine.
Dull stitches in the glans penis, causing anxiety,.- Compressive pain in the testicles,.-Haemorrhage from the uterus,. (* Not found.-HUGHES. *).
Internal tickling in the region of the thyroid cartilage, that provokes coughing, by which, however, the tickling is aggravated.
Frequent irritation to a short dry cough, in four or five shocks, caused by tickling beneath the thyroid cartilage. (Rattling precedes the cough and disappears after the cough). Cough and Expectoration. Cough, even to retching. Violent dry cough, that causes shattering pain in the abdomen and dryness in the throat.
A violent sudden cough, in the morning, with stitches in the side on every cough, with expectoration (after six days); the day previous, there was scarcely a trace of the cough. Cough, in the morning, with profuse slimy expectoration (after seven days).
Cough, with diminished expectoration (after nine days); on every paroxysm of cough, painful pressure from within outward, in the thorax, and painful contraction of the abdominal muscles. Cough, at first accompanied by expectoration. (* The result of all my observations is that Squills excites mucous secretion in the trachea and bronchi; the mucus is thin and easily expectorated by coughing, but only as its primary action, see ss. 215, 216, 209, 213, 212. Hence it happens that the administration of so-called expectorants is only palliative, that is, the continued use of them must inevitably increase the trouble if the filling up of the chest by tenacious firm mucus is the chronic trouble, for after the first effect, loosening the chest, a reaction follows and makes the mucus constantly more tenacious and the cough drier. See ss. 207, 208, 211, 214. Rather would this drug prove curative in excessive secretions of mucus in the chest, as recommended by Weickard.-HAHNEMANN. *) Constant expectoration of mucus (after two hours). Respiration. Heavy slow inspiration and expiration. Difficult or embarrassed respiration. Frequently obliged to take a deep breath, which provokes cough. Dyspnoea and stitches in the chest, which are most distressing on inspiration. Dyspnoea, with frequent rapid respiration and anxiety, as long as the dyspnoea lasts.
Peripneumonia. (* Original revised by Hughes. If the observatis of physicians for several centuries are examined, it is found from time to time, that the best of them, relying upon the empirical basis of experience, have used Squills with brilliant results for inflammation of the thoracic organs, with stitches in the side, although the great acridity of the drug on the tongue and internally, in large doses, was perfectly well known to them.
It could not happen otherwise than that they should be very successful with it (as indeed they were), in view of the many homoeopathic primary actions of the drug upon the chests of healthy people; compare ss. 212,220, 222, 225, 226, 227, 230, 231, 232, 233, 234, 235, 237, 238, 239. They were far more successful than the regular school now in fashion, which, from theoretical grounds, employs a so called antiphlogistic and unmerciful bloodletting, and are exceedingly unsuccessful. They would have been more successful in curing pleurisy, if the cases had been compared with the symptoms of Squills, now so well known, and if it had been exhibited homoeopathically, all extraneous influences had been removed from the patient, and the drug had not been mixed with any other, and had been given not only singly but in a sufficiently small does. I have found in most cases scarcely a quintillionth, often only a sextillionth part of a grain, and even less (only a very small portion of a drop of the solution), most serviceable.-HAHNEMANN. *) on Oppression across the chest if it were too tight. Drawing pain in the chest (after eight to twelve hours). Sharp stitches in the scapular end of the clavicle during inspiration and expiration.
Front and Sides. Severe stitches near the sternum, extending downward, so that he could with great difficulty get his breath.
Stitches in the middle of the ensiform cartilage, almost like a constant stitch. Pressure (tension ?) in both sides, extending from the axilla to the lower portion of the abdomen, worse on expanding the throat, during inspiration (after two hours).
(Pressive and, on stooping, throbbing pain in the right side of the chest below the arm; when touched it was painful, as if the flesh were loosened). Recurrent stitch in the side. Compressive pain in the right side of the chest, ending in a stitch. Broad pressive stitches beneath the last ribs of both sides, lasting two days. On inspiration, jerking stitches in the right and left side of the chest, not far from the sternum (after twenty-four hours). Stitches in the left and right true ribs, at the same time. (A kind of pleurisy). (* From Squills mixed with Vincetoxicum; the patient had first muscular rheumatism of left arm and neck, and then on the same side a “pleuritis spuritis spuria exquisitissima.” She died soon after.-HUGHES. *) Drawing stitch from the last true rib to the shoulder (after forty-six hours). Broad blunt stitches in the last ribs of the left side, in the morning in bed, that woke him. A contracting stitch in the left side, just beneath the last ribs, caused by rapid walking.
Stitches in the left side (after a quarter of an hour).
Heart and Pulse.
Palpitations of the heart. Pulse very small, hard, like a tense cord. Pulse small and contracted (after twenty-four hours). Pulse falls to 40, while vomiting. Pulse variable, accelerated in one, retarded in another, normal in a third.
Neck and Back.
Stiffness in the nape of the neck (after twelve hours). Stiffness of the left cervical muscles. Drawing and pinching in the cervical muscles, even when not moved. Rheumatic pain in the cervical; muscles on the sides of the neck. Painful jerking above the left scapula (after eight days). Painless drawing on the left scapula. Bubbling sensation beneath the scapulae, in the back and left upper arm.
Trembling and weakness of the extremities. Violent pains in the limbs. (* In a sensitive nervous woman.-HUGHES. *) Frequent falling asleep of the hands when resting the head upon them, and in the lower limbs when crossing the legs during the day.
Stretching of the upper limbs, with yawning, without sleepiness (after one hour and a half). Convulsive twitching of the left arm (while standing). Arm. Painless jerking and pulsation in the muscles of the upper arm. Wrist and Hand. Jerking pain transversely through the wrists. A sticklike drawing from the left wrist to the fingers. At times pain like a needle-stitch in the middle of the left metacarpus. Acute stitches in the joints of both hands, even when not moving them (after three days).
Weakness, especially of the thighs and region of the hips, in the morning after waking and rising. Bubbling, extending in a streak down from the upper part of the thigh to the toes. Thigh.
Convulsive jerking of the thigh and leg while sitting (after twenty-four hours). Soreness between the limbs. Weariness in the thighs. Uneasiness in the thighs and legs; is obliged to move them without intermission, in order to obtain relief (after two hours and a half). Drawing pain in the muscles of both thighs (after seven hours). Intermittent drawing pain in the thighs, while sitting and walking. Bruised sensation in the thighs.
Stitches, as with needles, on both thighs. Knee. Constrictive pain in the hollow of the left knee, that obliged him to bend, up the knee, while standing. Leg. Drawing pain in the leg. Foot.
Burning pain in the ball of the right foot, as after freezing it.
Convulsions, (* Tissot says, “in nervous subjects.”-HUGHES. *) Spasmodic movements, (* “Omit Zwelfer.” -HUGHES. *) Weakness of the whole body very noticeable on walking a long distance, Nervous weakness causes frequent twitching.- Weakness and sleepiness after dinner, *Weariness (after six hours), Is more exhausted by a sleepless night than by diarrhoea; his head is confused, and yet he is cheerful and good-humored,-General discomfort,- Constant, dull rheumatic pain over the whole body, relieved during rest, aggravated during motion (after six to twenty-four hours),- Sensation of heaviness of the whole body, as from weakness (after eight to twelve hours), Pains over the whole body,- Sticking now in one, now in another part of the body,.
Cold gangrene. (* Not found, unless it represents the “viscerum lethales inflammations,” as already seen in s. 143.-HUGHES. *) Excites scirrhus. (* By scirrhi, any hard swellings are meant.- HUGHES. *) Ulcerations, accompanied by fever and inflammation, may be expected from Squills. (* Revised by Hughes. *) In one case which terminated fatally, an eruption, not unlike that of purpura hemorrhagica appeared, attended with considerable degree of collapse; such instances, however, are rare. Small red spots on the hands feet, chest, and over the whole body, which became itch-like pustules on the hands, between the fingers, on the feet, and over the whole abdomen, with burning itching after some days. (* Revised by Hughes. *) Eruption above the middle of the upper lip, moist, and biting like and ulcer, with sticking itching. Eruption of very red pimples tipped with pus on the back, with a sticking itching, and after scratching, a burning- sticking itching; the next day each one was covered with a small crust. Pimples on the neck that increase daily until the seventh day, and are only painful on rubbing (after four days). The skin of the neck is painfully sensitive to the slightest rubbing of the neck-band, with red, almost denuded spots (after twenty-four hours). A spot as large as a half dollar between the scapulae, consisting of thick, not confluent pimples, with tickling (crawling) itching, as from a flea, which, after scratching, changed to a burning-sticking itching, but some time after became a crawling itching. (Handling the fresh Squills caused blisters upon the hands). Subjective. Burning and itching in the skin. (* From handling Squills.-HUGHES. *) Painful sensitiveness of the skin across the back from one hip to the other (after six days).
Slow needlelike stitches in the skin, extending from the shoulder to the middle of the upper arm. Biting itching on the forehead and chin, as if an eruption would break out, disappearing while scratching, and returning immediately after. Sticking itching on neck and jaws, as from a flea, that is only momentarily relieved by scratching, and immediately afterwards returns. Crawling itching on the chest below the right arm, relieved for only a short time by scratching.
Frequent yawning, without sleepiness (after two hours). Sleepy some hours, too early in the evening. Sleeplessness.
Sleeplessness, without apparent reason. Restless sleep. Tossing about in bed. Frequent waking from sleep and tossing about. Woke at 1 A.M., with qualmishness and anxiety, and with difficult respiration for some time. Dreams. Sleep, with voluptuous dreams.