Last modified on February 6th, 2019

Stannum homeopathy medicine – drug proving symptoms from Encyclopedia of Pure Materia Medica by TF Allen, published in 1874. It has contributions from R Hughes, C Hering, C Dunham, and A Lippe


The element, Tin.

Preparation: Trituration of the pure metal.


Excited and inclined to storms of anger (fourth day). Violent, very transient anger. Remarkably joyful. Talkative; sociable.

Quite good-humor (after fourteen hours). Quiet, absorbed in himself, with great discomfort of the body. Quiet, absorbed in himself, solicitous for the future. Sad, hypochondriac mood.

Discontented. Great anxiety and depression a week before the menses, ceasing on the appearance of the flow. Indescribable anxiety and despondency for several days. Discouraged. Contented with nothing without being fretful. Fretfulness disappearing, in the open air, the whole day. Quiet fretfulness; he answers unwillingly and abruptly; easily vexed, and easily gets into a temper. Peevishness and transient sensitiveness (first three days). Vexations; nothing goes to suit him. Aversion and dread of people. Restless and distracted; no persistence in work, immediately. Fruitlessly busy, as if a rush of ideas prevented him from completing his work at a certain time; all sorts of things occur to him to be done. Indolent and irritable, with heat in the face; would do everything, but really does nothing. Is inclined to do no work, and inability to think. Dulness of mind, indifference to external objects, indisposition, with paleness and darkness about the eyes. Disinclination to talk. Want of memory, in the morning on waking.

Head.-Confusion and Vertigo.

Confusion and dulness of the head, as before coryza, which however, did not occur, with sneezing. Vertigo, as if the brain were whirling around; all thought vanished, and he could not continue to read, and sat as if without his senses. Sudden attacks of vertigo, while sitting down. Vertigo, as if all objects were at too great a distance. Stupefying vertigo, only when walking in the open air; he reels as if he would fall.

Dizziness in the whole head. Dizziness, while sitting, as if he would fall. Dizziness, in the morning on waking from a long sleep, as if he had not slept enough. General Head. Heaviness and dulness of the head, worse in the evening. Heaviness of the head during rest and motion, in the evening, lasting two hours (after nine hours). Heaviness and tearings throughout the head (twenty- fifth day). Almost constant heaviness throughout the head sometimes only at the top (thirtieth day). Painful heaviness throughout the whole head, sometimes in the forehead only, or in the temples (tenth day). Now and then, violent heaviness in the head, sometimes general, sometimes partial; sometimes at one point, sometimes at another (twelfth day). General heaviness throughout the head, especially in the occiput (twentieth day).

Feeling of weakness in the head, and sleepiness. Pain and heat in the head, in the morning on waking. Headache mostly every morning, with loss of appetite; nausea and fretfulness. The action of raising or of bowing the head causes pain in the muscles which are involved in these movements (twentieth day).

Painful sensation on shaking the head, as if the brain were loose and beat against the skull. Boring, pressive, stupefying pain in the left half of the brain of the surface. Dizzy pressure through the whole head. Constriction and sudden pressure in the whole upper part of the head, slowly increasing and decreasing. Painful pressing in the brain towards the vertex and occipital bones, in the evening, also after lying down. Frequent sensation, as if screwed inward in the head, with slow jerks or drawing pressure here and there at times. Pain, as if the brain were forced asunder, and were tense. Cramp like pain, as if the head were externally constricted by a band. Sharp jerking pains in the right anterior lobe of the brain, above the orbit (twenty-fourth day). Pressive tearing from each side of the brain to the top of the skull (twenty-fifth day). Sharp and deep seated stitches in the lower part of the left anterior lobe of the brain (above the arch of the orbit), (tenth day). Tingling in the head; noise resound in it. Forehead. Headache in the frontal region. Pain, as from a crashing, in the forehead. Pressure in the forehead.

Pressure in the forehead; aggravated by bending backward, relieved by pressure. Pressive stupefying pain in the brain, just above the eyebrows, during the rest and motion. Pressing outward at the frontal eminence. Pressure outward at the forehead, with sleepiness, relieved by pressure. Dull pressure from within outward, in the forehead. Pressure in the middle of the forehead, extending deep into the brain. Pressure in the forehead, temples, and vertex, relieved by external pressure. A sudden pressive jerk in the left forehead and temple, so that he cried aloud. Violent jerks in the forehead, alternating with dull pressure. Drawing through the forehead and vertex, with a pressive sensation.

Burning pain, like fire, in one-half of the forehead, as also in the nose and eyes, with external heat in the parts all alike, during rest and motion; was obliged to lie down, with nausea and retching as to vomiting, from morning till evening. *Pressive tearing in the forehead.,-*Pressive tearing in the right half of the forehead at intervals, aggravated by stooping. Tearing pain, but transient, in the forehead, the top of the head, and the occiput; afterwards shifting now to one point, then to another, and sometimes affecting the whole head; generally more violent in the forehead (twenty-fourth day). Frequently during the day, cutting, penetrating pains in the left anterior portion of the brain; they last some moments, and cease, to be renewed subsequently (fortieth day). Shootings from the anterior portion of the brain to the right side (twenty-third day). Dull shootings in the left anterior side of the head (thirty-fifth day).

Stitchlike headache, especially in the left side of the forehead, with fluent coryza. Sticking headache in the forehead, even during rest, for several days; on stooping, everything presses outward at the forehead. A long, dull stitch in the left frontal eminence. Fine stitches in the middle of the forehead. Temple.

Boring pain in the left temple all day. Boring pressive pain in the right temple, relieved by external pressure. Compression in the temples and occiput. Pressure in the left temple beginning slight, then increasing and so again diminishing, as if the forehead would be pressed inward. Pressive pain outward in the right temples, almost as if external. Pain, like a pressing inward in the temples all day. Pressure in the right temple when lying upon it, disappearing on rising up. Pressive drawing in one temple and half of the forehead, causing confusion. Often- recurring, sharp, but transient pains in the right temples (twenty-second day). Sharp pains in the left temple; less severe in the right temple (seventh day). Pulsating stitches in the temples, with heat in the head, chilliness of the body and weakness of the head, so that he almost loses his reason, with slumbering and insensibility. Throbbing headache in the temples.

Vertex and Parietals. Painful sensation of heaviness in the top of the head, almost at the forehead (seventh day). Sometimes painful heaviness in the top of the head; now and then shooting in the right parietal region (seventeenth day). Sudden sharp pressure on the vertex, with a sensation as if the hair moved.

Pressive tearing in the left side of the vertex. Sudden dull stitches in the top of the head. Burning stitches on the vertex.

Pressive heaviness, with a feeling of emptiness in the left half of the brain. Pressive pain outward, in the right side of the head. Drawing pressure from the right parietal bone to the orbit.

Pressive tearing through the right side of the head. Tearing pressure in the right half of the head. Tearing in the left parietal bone, and in the forehead. From, time to time, violent dartings in the left side of the head, or in its posterior portion (twelfth day). Occiput. Painful heaviness in the occiput (twenty-first day). Painful and almost constant sense of weight on the occiput. Headache in the occiput. Boring in the occipital bones, with acute heaviness. Compression in the occiput, under the skull. Pressure outward, in the left side of the occiput.

Pressive tearing in the left occipital bone. Pressive tearing in the left side of the occiput. Shooting in the left posterior portion of the head (twentieth day). Constrictive pain in the right side of the occiput. External Head. Pain, as from suppuration of the head, externally. Burning tension on the forepart of the scalp, just above the right side of the forehead.


The eyes are prominent and painful, as after weeping. Nightly agglutination of the eyes, with weakness during the day. Dim, weak, sunken eyes (after two days). Eyes dim. Subjective. Pain in the eyes, as from rubbing with a woollen cloth, removed by moving the lids. Pressure in the eyes. Pressure in the left eye, as from a stye on the lid. Jerking in the eyes. Twitching in left eye, lasting a week. Several sharp dartings in the globe of the right eye (twenty-first day). Burning sticking in the right eye, toward the outer canthus. Burning in the eyes. Biting in the eyes, as after rubbing with a woollen cloth. Brow and Orbit. A pimple on the left eyebrow, with burning by itself and with pressive pain when touched. Sudden sensitive dull thrusts in the outer side of the upper margin of the left orbit. Jerklike drawing tearing externally above the left eyebrow. Drawing pressure in the upper margin of the left orbit. Sudden jerks on the upper margin of the right orbit and in other parts, with sensitive stupefaction of the head. In the upper part of the right orbit, shootings which penetrate from before backward into the substance of the brain (forty-second day). Lids. Stye in the inner angle of the right eye, Pustular swelling of the left inner canthus, like a lachrymal fistula. Twitching in the right inner canthus.

Pressure in both upper lids. Pressive pain in the right inner canthus. Pressure in the left inner canthus, as from a stye, with lachrymation. Constriction of the eyelids, with redness of the white of the eyes and a burning sensation. Sensation as of a hard substance behind the right eyelid. Burning pain in the left lower lid. Small violent burning stitches in the lids of the right eye, more towards the outer canthus. Fine sticking burning in the left canthus. Itching in the upper eyelids on each side, with slight swelling (thirty-third and thirty-fifth day). Itching in the inner canthus. Lachrymal Apparatus. Acute itching in the right lachrymal caruncula (thirty-second and thirty-third days). Ball.

Shootings in the globe of the left eye, in the evening (thirty- sixth day). Tensive stitch in the left eyeball, most violent on moving it. Itching in the left eyeball, somewhat relieved by rubbing. Pupil. Pupils first contracted, then dilated. Vision.

Sees a rainbow about the candlelight.


Ulceration in the hole for the erring in the lobule of the ear.

Shooting in the cartilages of the right ear (twentieth day). A drawing stitch in the upper part of the left concha. Pressure externally on the bones behind the ear. Griping tearing through the cartilage of the lobule of the left ear, with at times a sensation as if a cold wind were blowing in it (after four hours). Earache; in the outer ear a drawing pain. Boring pain in the right ear, with cold feet. Frequent drawing in the left ear, like an earache. Drawing in the whole right ear externally and internally; painful on moving the lower jaw. Cramplike pain in the whole right ear, lasting eight hours. Tearing in the right meatus, like an earache. Itching in the left ear. Stopped sensation in the left ear, with deafness, which was relieved by blowing the nose, in the morning after rising, lasting four days.

Hearing. Screaming in the ear when blowing the nose. Rushing in the ears as from a stream of blood. Ringing in the left ear.

Creaking in front of and in the left ear, as from a door, in the evening. Rustling noise of a grasshopper in the left ear (eighteenth day). The jarring of his steps (on walking) resounds painfully in the head (twentieth day).


Frequent sneezing without coryza. Violent sneezing, in the evening (eighth day). Profuse coryza (after four days). Intense coryza, alternating with stoppage of the nose. Coryza of the left nostril (tenth day). Violent coryza all day (eleventh day).

Diminished coryza (twelfth day). Blood is blown from the nose, in the morning (seventeenth and eighteenth days). Nosebleed, in the morning, immediately on rising from bed. Violent nosebleed, in the morning, immediately on waking. Stoppage of the nose, in the morning (ninth day). Violent stopped catarrh; can get air through only the right nostril, at noon; on the fourth day the nose becomes free. Can get no air through the left nostril, which is excessively swollen, red, and painful to touch. Heaviness and a stopped sensation in the upper part of the nostril. Respiration through the nostrils is impeded in consequence of a permanently congestive condition of the palatonasal mucous membrane (twenty- third day).


Face pale and sunken, sickly; features elongated. Constrictive pain in the bones of the face and teeth in the right side, as if they would be drawn up shorter. Pressive gnawing in the left side of the face, especially in the malar bone. Stupefying pain in the face, especially in the forehead. Cramplike pressure in the muscles on the left malar bone. Drawing pressure in the bones of the right side of the face, especially in the malar bone and orbits, paroxysmal. Cheek. Painful swelling of the left cheek, with an ulcer on the gum; the pain causes sleeplessness. Burning cramplike pain in the left cheek, in the evening, soon followed by swelling of the cheek, with cutting-pressive pain only on drawing up the face, as if a splinter of glass were between the cheek and the teeth. Pain in the malar bone, on touch, before the menses; during the menses, pain, as from a blow, even on moving the muscles of the face. Tearing extending from the malar bone down into the lower jaw, near the corner of the mouth.

Constriction and pressure internally beneath the right cheek.

Burning pain in the right cheek, beneath the eye. Burning-itching sticking on the malar bones. Pain and swelling of the upper jaw; the cheeks are red, with sticking in them. Lip. A sticking- tearing pain in a small spot in the lower lip. China Broad cutting stitches in the forepart of the chin.


Looseness of the teeth. The teeth seem too long. Jerking toothache in all the teeth soon after eating (cold or warm foot), with heat in the face, only better in the open air. Continual and annoying tingling in the roots of the lower incisors (thirty- third day). Tongue. Tongue yellow. Tongue coated with yellowish mucus (after five days). Burning in the tongue, in the morning (twentieth day). Pretty frequent itching in the tip of the tongue (nineteenth day). During the proving, frequent itching of the anterior third of the tongue. General Mouth. Mouth and fauces wonderfully corrugated; he could scarcely swallow, and his mouth felt hard and leathery. Tenacious mucus in the mouth. Bad odor from the mouth. Sensation in the velum pendulum palati similar to that caused by taking a pinch of snuff, which, by a strong inspiration, is drawn down even to the throat, in the evening (eighth day). Sensation in the velum pendulum as if there were a foreign body there, or some mucus which could neither be hawked up nor swallowed; the same sensation in the posterior portion of the nasal fossa (ninth day). Sensation of disagreeable acidity at the velum pendulum (tenth day), Saliva. Salivation, with bad odor from the mouth. Acid saliva runs from the mouth, in the morning on waking. Accumulation of saliva in the mouth. Taste.

Beer tastes stale and acid bitter. Insipid taste in the throat.

Bitter taste to all food (solid and liquid), but not to water, but no bitter taste when not eating. Bitter sour taste in the mouth. Herby taste to beer. Bitter and sour taste in the mouth (first and third days). Speech. Talking was difficult, because the strength to talk was wanting. Talking was irksome.


Bad odor from the throat. Much mucus in the throat. Some mucus sticks in the throat, and the efforts which are made to raise it excite vomiturition (seventeenth day). Thick gray-green mucus, mixed with blood, is detached from time to time in the throat by the efforts to expectorate (twentieth day). Thick, viscid, grayish, blood-streaked mucus adheres to the throat, and is detached with great difficulty (twentieth day). Thick mucus adheres firmly to the throat, and the efforts to raise it excites an almost resistless inclination to vomit (twenty-second day).

During the rest of the day, continual expulsive efforts to detach a thick, grayish, and bloody mucus from the throat, efforts which constantly produce an inclination to vomit (twenty-third day).

Secretion of a mass of thick, viscid, bloody mucus in the throat, efforts to expel which were accompanied by attempts to vomit.

Inclination to hawk up much mucus from the throat, in the evening, followed by a sore pain in the throat. Rawness in the throat (seventeenth day); in the morning (eighteenth day).

Sensation of rawness and of dryness in the throat, without thirst (eighteenth day). Rawness and dryness of the throat, without thirst, in the morning (twentieth day). Sensation of ulceration, of rawness, and of extreme dryness in the right side of the throat, without thirst (twentieth day). Sensation as if the right side of the throat were ulcerated, with such dryness that it seems as if the part had ceased to be lubricated by mucus (twentieth day). Permanent rawness and dryness in the throat, and during deglutition a painful feeling of being denuded (twenty- second day). Extreme rawness and dryness of the throat, without thirst; these sensations are much more painful during deglutition; thick grayish or greenish mucus adheres to the throat; strong efforts are required to raise it, and these excite inclination to vomit (twenty-third day). Scraping roughness below the pit of the throat internally. Scraping in the throat, in the evening. Sensation of dryness and sticking in the throat, in the right tonsil, which provokes cough, and is somewhat relieved by hawking and swallowing. Dryness of the throat. Sore throat, like a swelling, with a sensation of dryness and drawing-tensive pain. Pain in the throat, as if swollen, with sore pain, not affected by swallowing; after hawking of mucus, the voice is much higher than usual. Tickling crawling in the throat (larynx ?), with a sensation of dryness, compelling to cough. Scraping in the throat, in the morning. Dull boring stitches extending from the fauces internally to the cervical muscles. Fauces and Pharynx.

Tobacco has a sharp and dry taste in the faces. Stitches in the upper part of the fauces, causing dryness, when not swallowing.

Cutting in the pharynx, as with knives, on swallowing. External Throat. Painful swelling of the submaxillary glands (after eight hours).

Stomach.-Appetite and Thirst.

Increased hunger and appetite. Great appetite and hunger; he cannot satisfy himself. Loss of appetite. Loss of appetite, with a natural taste of food. The child leaves the breast of the mother who has taken Tin, and will not drink anything more. Loss of appetite, with emptiness in the stomach, only one noon.

Increased thirst. Eructations. Eructations immediately, in the morning, at first like bad eggs, afterwards only of gas.

Eructations of flat taste, with much saliva in the mouth. Acid eructations, succeeded by rawness in the pharynx, while walking in the open air. Acid risings five hours after the evening meal; uneasiness in the epigastric region, as from slow digestion, although he had eaten less than usual (twenty-fourth day). Bitter eructations frequently after eating. Frequent empty eructations.

Sweet uprisings into the throat. Hiccough. Frequent hiccough.

Hiccough from time to time. Hiccough soon after eating, while smoking as usual. Nausea and Vomiting. Nausea after eating.

Nausea and qualmishness in the pharynx. Shuddering nausea several times with nauseating fulness in the pit of the stomach.

Nausea and bitterness in the mouth. Nausea in the fauces and pharynx, as if he would vomit. Nausea, with bitter bilious vomiting, after eating some soup. Retching, in the evening, followed at first by sour, then bitter, taste in the mouth (first day). Retching, with great nausea, and sensation of bitterness and disorder of the stomach (second and third days). Constant efforts to vomit and vomiting of mucus. Vomiting a quantity of thick slimy mucus of a dark-green appearance, soon. Vomiting of undigested food, preceded by violent retching (after two hours).

Vomited a quantity of thick slimy mucus of a dark-green appearance. Sour vomiting. Vomiting of blood. (The vomiting of blood is stopped by Stannum as by a charm). (* Revised by Hughes.

*) Stomach. Fulness and distension of the stomach, yet with hunger. A swelling up under the skin in the epigastric region, with griping in the abdomen, when walking. It causes troubles in the stomach and intestines. Sensation in the pit of the stomach as if disordered. Digestion is accomplished slowly; acid water comes up even to the throat a long time after dinner (thirty- third day). (Hysterical and hypochondriac cramps in the region of the diaphragm and abdomen). Griping between the pit of the stomach and umbilicus, as if some one were pinching up the muscles. Spasmodic griping in the stomach and about the navel, with constant nausea and with anxious uprisings to the pit of the stomach. Great pain at stomach. Violent pain in the epigastric region. Intolerable pressure in the stomach. (* Revised by Hughes. *) Pressure in the stomach, in the forenoon. Pressure in the stomach and discomfort after taking some soup. Pressure and obstruction in the pit of the stomach, which, when touched, pains as if suppurating. Anxious pressure in the pit of the stomach, only when lying down, as if a gush of blood would occur, for several hours, relieved by pressure. Tensive pressure in the pit of the stomach. Violent pressure in the stomach. Dull hard pressure near the left side of the pit of the stomach, just beneath the cartilages of the lowest ribs, somewhat relieved by pressure. Cutting about the stomach. Very transient burning beneath the diaphragm.


At first a simple pain in both hypochondria, afterwards dull thrusts from the left to the right sides, seemingly aggravated by pressing upon the right side. Pressure in the hepatic region.

Pressure in the upper part of the liver. Burning pain in the hepatic region, then dull pain in the rectum with the stool.

Cutting in the right hypochondrium, aggravated by sitting bend over. Pressive cramplike pain in the left hypochondrium, now better, now worse. Umbilicus and Sides. Griping cutting in the umbilical region nearly the whole day. Griping in the umbilical region, as from taking cold. Spasmodic pain above and below the navel, soon relieved by lying over a table, without emission of flatus. Painful digging in the abdomen, above the umbilical region; on pressing upon it, pain, as if upon a sore spot. Sudden painful compression in both sides beneath the true ribs. A dull slow pressure near the right side of the navel. Burning pressure in the right side of the abdomen. Sensation as if stretched in the right abdominal muscles, above the anterior spine of the ilium. Stitches in the right side of the abdomen, followed by drawing in the right shoulder; she was obliged to lie down, with perspiration on the face and arms, followed by creeping chilliness. Several violent stitches in the succession in the right side of the abdomen, especially on coughing and breathing.

Boring stitch in the left upper abdomen while walking. Crawling movements in the right side of the abdomen, as from a purge. A bruised pain in the left side, below the ribs. General Abdomen.

Distension of the abdomen. Painful distension of the abdomen, with painful sensitiveness to external touch. Fulness in the abdomen after eating. Frequent accumulation of flatus in the abdomen. Incarcerated flatus. Great rumbling in the abdomen.

Rumbling, as from emptiness, in the abdomen on stretching the body. Loud rumbling in the abdomen after every meal, only while lying down. Bubbling in the abdomen. When a morsel is not far from the orifice of the stomach, there is a dull rumbling in the abdomen. Sensation of great emptiness in the abdomen (though without hunger), as if everything were crushed; food relished; he eats much and feels better afterwards, together with loss of strength in the body. Sensation of emptiness in the abdomen after eating. The abdomen is painful to touch, as if suppurating, with shortness of breath. Sensation of soreness in the whole abdomen, aggravated by touch. Wind-colic in the morning (thirty-seventh day). Wind-colic during the day (fortieth day). Colic; fetid flatulence (fortieth day). Frequent colic in the abdomen and rectum (forty-fifth day). Griping in the abdomen at times, with rumbling, as if diarrhoea would occur. Griping movements in the abdomen, as from incarcerated flatus. Griping and pressure in the abdomen, especially in the umbilical region, with urging to stool. Frequent paroxysms of pain in the abdomen. Digging in the abdomen before every stool. Drawing pressure here and there in the abdomen. Tensive pain in the abdomen more towards the small of the back, most violent on stooping. Pain in the abdomen, extending to the stomach and to both sides beneath the ribs, on pressing the hand upon the umbilical region. Smarting pain in the abdomen. Burning pain in the abdomen. Frequent persistent desire as for diarrhoea, in the evening, with griping and painful movements in the abdomen, as from taking cold and with thrusts in the left side, as from a child in the uterus, with distension of the abdomen, soon followed by a thin stool, succeeded by urging, and persistent colic, lasting till she went to bed. A stitch, as from a knife, on breathing, suddenly shoots through the abdomen from the left to the right side, so that she starts up in affright. Hypogastrium and Iliac Region. Rumbling in the lower abdomen. Pressure in the lower abdomen, as before the menses, aggravated by pressure. Pressure here and there in the lower abdomen, with urging to stool. Fine sticking pain in the lower abdomen. Drawing cutting in the lower abdomen, close to the right ilium. Cutting, as with knives, transversely across the lower abdomen. Burning in the lower abdomen. Oft-repeated, strong, and jerking pulsations in the inmost part of the right inguinal canal, upon the track of the cord (twenty-seventh day). Pinching pain just above the left ilium, as if the intestines were outstretched, on stooping. Fine stitches in the symphysis pubis, to the left. Sensation as if a hernia would protrude in the left groin. Pressure in the inguinal glands, with some swelling. Fine griping in the left groin. Stitches in the right groin on stooping, as if he had sprained himself, disappearing on rising up.

About the author

TF Allen

TF Allen

Dr. Timothy Field Allen, M.D. ( 1837 - 1902)
Born in 1837in Westminster, Vermont. . He was an orthodox doctor who converted to homeopathy
Dr. Allen compiled the Encyclopedia of Pure Materia Medica over the course of 10 years.
In 1881 Allen published A Critical Revision of the Encyclopedia of Pure Materia Medica.

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