Synonym. – Conium Maculatum. Natural order. – Umbelliferae. Common names. – Poison Hemlock. Spotted Hemlock. Habitat. – A plant native of Europe, but naturalized in the eastern portion of the United States. Preparation. – Tincture from the fresh plant.
Acts upon the motor nervous tracts, especially the peripheral extremities of the nerves, producing paralytic conditions. It benumbs the brain and causes vertigo, dilated pupils and even convulsions. If affects in a remarkable degree the glandular system, causing engorgements and indurations, and altering the structure of the glandular substance. In this latter condition we find its chief therapeutic action, rendering it of essential value in scrofulous and cancerous affections. The pain peculiarity of Conium is its adaptability to the diseases of old people, especially old men.
Mind. Delirium. Ill-humored and morose (Bryonia, Coloc., Nux v.). Hypochondriacal depression and indifference (Phosphorus ac.). Inability to sustain any mental effort (Gelsemium, Nux v.). Want of memory (Anacardium, Natr. mur., Kreosotum, Nux moschata). Disinclination for business (Cyclamen, Nux v., Phosphorus). Dullness; difficulty in understanding what he is reading. Averse to being near people, or hearing them talk (Ignatia); Inclination to seize hold of and abuse them.
Head Vertigo (Alumina, Aurum, Belladonna, Bryonia, Nux v.), particularly when lying down and when turning over in bed (Belladonna); on rising form bed in morning (Bryonia); when walking. Heaviness. Constant confusion in region of eyebrows and root of nose. Stitching pain in forehead, from within outward; morning or at noon. Headache as if the brain were too full and would burst, in the morning on waking. Tearing headache, must lie down. Numbness, with sensation of coldness, in one side of the head. Sensation in right half of brain, as of a large foreign body. Pain in the occiput with every pulse, as if pierced with a knife.
Eyes. Weakness of vision. Weakness and dazzling of the eyes, together with giddiness and debility, especially of arms, and legs, on walking, staggering, as if drunken. Burning in the eyes (Arsenicum). Pupils dilated. Burning on upper surface of lids. Yellowness of the sclerotica. Could scarcely raise the lids; they seem pressed down by a heavy weight (Causticum, Natr. ars., Natr. carb., Naja, Physos.), disposed to fall asleep (Nux moschata). Sluggish adaption of the eye to varied range of vision.
Ears. Ringing, humming and roaring in the ears (Cinchona, Nux v., Sulphur). Stitches in and around the ears (Kali carb., Graphites). Ears feel as if stopped upon blowing the nose. Blood-red ear wax.
Nose. Bleeding of the nose.
Face Cancer of lips from pressure of the pipe. Lips burning dry; shooting pains. Submaxillary glands swollen and hard.
Mouth. Drawing pain in teeth from eating cold food (Antim crud., Calcarea c., Staphysagria, Sulphur). Difficult speech (Causticum, Gelsemium, Hyoscyamus) from lingual paralysis. Taste bitter in throat.
Throat Itching in throat, with irritation to cough.
Stomach Appetite lost. Thirst. Offensive eructations (Arnica, Ant. tart., Coccul., Sepia); sour, empty. Violent vomiting; like coffee grounds (Secale cor.); of clear sour water; of chocolate- colored masses, sour an acrid. Sour rising from the stomach after eating. Violent pain in stomach; pressing, burning, squeezing, lancinating (Arsenicum, Coccul.). Pressure and sore, raw feeling at pit of stomach. Pain in epigastric region, gradually extending to left side of abdomen, with nausea. Pain in pit of stomach extending to throat, as if a ball rose (Ignatia).
Abdomen. Swelling of the abdomen; trembling. Stitches in the hepatic region (Arsenicum, Calcarea c., Bryonia, Kali carb., Sepia); tearing. Lancinations in the abdomen, as if knives were plunged in (Mercurius). Stitches extending from the abdomen to the right side of chest. Cutting in abdomen, before the emission of flatus. Pinching pains in the abdomen, as if diarrhoea would set in. Aching pain in hypogastrium. Forcing down feeling in hypogastrium. Contractive pain in lower abdomen, like after- pains, with urging to stool.
Stool Frequent ineffectual urging to stool (Ambr.). Stool: undigested, painless (Cinchona); liquid, mixed with hard portions; watery, frequent. Tremulous weakness after every stool (Phosphorus). Involuntary stools during sleep. Frequent stitches in the anus, when not at stool. Burning in the rectum during the stool.
Urinary Organs. Frequent micturition at night (Ambr., Borax, Phosphorus ac.). Dribbling after micturition. Burning during and after urination (Aconite, Ant. tart.). The flow of urine suddenly stops, and continues again after a short interruption (Clem.).
Male Organs. Sexual desire without erections (Agaricus, Agn., Nuph.). Emissions even while frolicking with a woman. Discharge of prostatic fluid on every change of motion, without voluptuous thoughts, with itching of the prepuce. Swelling of the testes (Aconite, Agn.).
Female Organs. Severe itching deep in the vagina (Cantharis, Mercurius). Leucorrhoea; with weakness and paralyzed sensation in small of back before the discharge; thick milky, with contractive labor like pains, coming form both sides; of white acrid mucus, causing burning (Alumina, Iodi., Kreosotum, Mercurius, Phosphorus, Pulsatilla). Suppressed or delayed menstruation. Indurations of uterus (Aurum, Carb. an); of ovaries; of breasts. Lancinating pains (Belladonna). Soreness and swelling of the breasts preceding menses. Shriveling of the mammae (Iodi.), with increased sexual desire. Needle-like stitches in left mamma. Terrible nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. Tumors in mammae, with piercing pains, worse at night; glands abnormally tender.
Respiratory Organs. A dry spot in the larynx, where there is a crawling, and almost a constant irritation to a dry cough. Violent spasmodic dry cough almost only when first lying down during day or night (Hyoscyamus, Pulsatilla, Sepia). The clothes lie like a weight on the chest and shoulders. Sharp thrusts directly through the chest, from sternum to spine, while sitting. Violent stitches in right chest, about the nipple, on every inspiration (Bryonia, Kali carb.); while walking relieved by hard pressure with the hand.
Heart. Palpitation; beats intermit (Digit., Kali carb.). Violent palpitation after drinking. Pulse unequal in strength, and sometimes irregular in rhythm; insufficiency of mitral valve.
Back. Pain between the scapula. Stitches in small of back, with drawing through lumbar vertebrae, while standing.
Limbs. Trembling of all the limbs (Coccul., Gelsemium, Mercurius, Stramonium). Itching of the dorsum of the finger. Difficulty in using limbs; unable to walk. Sensation of weakness, even to trembling of the right thigh while walking. paralysis of the lower, then of the upper limbs.
Generalities. General trembling. Convulsions; with danger of suffocation. Easily overstrained. Liability to take cold. Sudden weakness while walking, with tendency to fail forward on knees, heaviness over eyes and giddiness. Exhaustion and faintness, as if paralyzed. Sick and faint early in the morning in bed. Chlorosis, chilliness, excessive fainting, palpitation of the heart, pale face, suppressed menses and profuse leucorrhoea. Swelling of the glands, with tingling and stitches; after contusions and bruises (Arnica).
Sleep. Falls asleep only after midnight. Frightful dreams at night and towards morning.
Fever. Heat through the whole day. Sweat immediately on falling asleep.
Aggravation. At night; during rest; while sitting; while eating; when lying down.
Conditions. Suitable for old people, old men; old maids; for women with tight, rigid fiber; for scrofulous and cancerous people; children who are prematurely old.
Compare Argentum nit., Arsenicum, Baryta c., Belladonna, Calcarea c., Digit., Dulcamara, Gelsemium, Hydras., Iodi., Lycopodium, Mercurius, Nitr. ac., Nux v., Phosphorus, Pulsatilla, Rhus tox., Sepia, Silicea, Sulphur
Antidotes. Coffea, Nitr. ac., Nitr. sp. d., (Vinum).
Conium Antidotes. – Nitr. ac.
Conium has proved an invaluable remedy in the treatment of indurations and scirrhosities of glands, characterized by sharp knife-like pains; also painless; especially the testicles and mammary glands; induration following injuries. Numerous cases reported as scirrhus of the breasts have been cured by Conium. Swelling, soreness and pain in the breasts preceding the menses, either with or without tumor. An excellent remedy in a variety of sexual diseases. Especially useful in both sexes for the bad effects of suppressed sexual appetite; may be in the female hysteria; in the male melancholia; also bad effects from excessive indulgence, especially in the male, where it may produce impotence and also prostatic emissions which may occur while straining at stool, or form motion; especially in old men; enlarged prostate gland; also in strong, healthy man, who have great desire but no erection, and who have an emission as soon as they begin to caress a woman. A valuable remedy in indurations, even scirrhus of the uterus or ovaries, with sharp lancinating pains. Has been used in uterine polypi; uterine haemorrhages; leucorrhoea, thick, milky, or of white acrid mucus; pruritus of vagina and vulva. Studying the remainder of the clinical range of Conium in anatomical order we find it useful in mental weakness, hypochondriasis, melancholia, hysteria, etc., especially from sexual causes. An excellent remedy for vertigo, especially in old people; when lying down, turning over in bed, or on rising up; often associated with a numb feeling in the brain; vertigo from excessive use of tobacco. Often useful in eye diseases; disturbances of vision, often with vertigo; sluggish adaption of the eye to varied range of vision; partial or complete paralysis of the lids; scrofulous ophthalmia; has proved useful in the cure of cataract, especially if traumatic. Epithelioma of the lips, with hardness and burning, shooting pains; especially when resulting from the habit of using a pipe. Has also been used with some benefit in cancer of the stomach or liver with coffee ground or chocolate-colored vomiting, burning, lancinating pains, etc. Gastralgia with sympathetic spasmodic cough. Enlarged mesenteric glands and abdominal tumors in general with lancinating knife-like pains. Has been very successfully employed in the treatment of urinary diseases, especially of old people; paralysis of the bladder, with interrupted flow and dribbling after micturition; the same symptoms have led to its prescription in gravel; diabetes. A valuable remedy for irritating night cough, especially in old people; spasmodic, dry cough, from dryness (Dry spot) in larynx, only when first lying down, has to sit up and cough till a little mucus is expectorated, can then lie down and rest. Asthma and bronchitis in old people. Whooping cough. Conium may be useful in paralysis especially partial, the patient being weak and continually trembling; the limbs give out when walking and he falls forward; sudden attacks of giddiness and faintness. Especially useful in profound and long continued weakness following exhaustive diseases. Post diphtheritic paralysis.