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Some Medicines for Impotence and Diseases of the Prostate

(a) Male external sex organs are the penis and the scrotum containing two testicles.

(b) Internal sex organs are testicles, epididymis, ductus deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate, and bulbo urethral glands.

The penis is built of three parallel cylinders. Two occupy the upper part of shaft and are called corpora cavernosa, which are thick cylindrical of spongy, fibro- elastic erectile tissue bound together side by side. Each is enclosed in a thick layer of tough fibrous tissue- tunica albuginea. The proximal end is attached to ischio pubis ramus. The distal end is fused to the distended part of the corpus spongiosum at the glans penis.

The lower one corpora spongiosum, lies between and inferior to the corpora cavernosa in the body of penis. Through the centre runs the urethra. The proximal end of spongiosum is distended and forms the bulb of penis.

The normal length of the penis varies from 9 cm to 15 cm.

The penis has two functions: to perform urination in the flaccid condition and sexual intercourse in the erectile state.

The arteries of the penis are 1/3 the size of coronary arteries. Blood fills the cavernous space when deep arteries are dilated under pressure and from para sympathetic stimulation, and thus make the corpora cavernosa rigid inside the dense tunica albuginea. The shaft of the penis and the glans penis have separate blood supplies. The dorsal vein of the penis ends in prostatic plexus.

The dorsal nerve of the penis is a branch of the pudental nerve which arises from the sacral plexus (S1, S2, S3, S 4).

Bladder, prostate, seminal vesicle and ductus deferens are supplied by inferior hypo gastric plexus. These contain parasympathetic, sympathetic and sensory fibers

Erection

The main centre of sexual energy is the brain. It sends messages to the lower spinal center. External genitalia are very sensitive to touch. Physical stimulation such as genital manipulations can initiate enjoyment. Tip of tongue, lips, back part of ears, finger tips, skin of closed eyelids, skin of shoulder, back of neck, hairless parts are the other sensitive parts. Sexual sensitiveness can be reduced by applying anesthetic ointments.

Erection is caused by filling blood in the spongy tissues of the penis. The blood flow through the deep artery must have more than the deep vein for persistent erection. Transverse perineal muscles, Ischiocavernosus muscle, and Bulbospongiosus muscle (press the urethra) assist the erection by impending the venous drainage from cavernous tissue.

Testis size varies from 4 cm long, 2.5 cm antero-posterorly and 2cm transversely. They are oval shaped and each weighs 20 Gms.

Epididymis: This comma shaped structure overlies the superior and postero-lateral surface of the testis. It is 5cm long and 1/2cm wide. Lengthwise it is 6 meters long when spread. Sperm produced in the testicles undergo a maturing process in the epididymis.

Seminal vesicle: This is a sacculated tube, 15 cm long. It does not store sperm, but rather gives food to the sperm. It produces a secretion which mixes with the spermatozoa from vas deferens. It contracts simultaneously with vas deferens on ejaculation. Its alkaline secretion contains fructose, mucus and coagulation enzymes.

Ejaculatory duct: This is formed by the union of the seminal vesicle and vas deferens. It is 2cm long.

Smooth muscles are present in testis (dartos), ductus deferens, seminal vesicles, ejaculatory duct, prostate and urinary bladder.

Bulbo urethral glands lie postero-lateral to the membranous urethra. Glands are two in number and its long ducts open to the spongy part of the urethra. The length of the prostatic urethra is about 3cm, and length of membranous part is about 1cm (Total length of male urethra is about 20 cm).

 

PROSTATE

The word prostate (Greek) means “one standing before”. This male accessory sex organ arises by the 9th week of embryonic life. The prostate is the only exocrine organ located in the midline in humans and similar animals.

Anatomy: It is a walnut-sized firm gland that resembles as inverted compressed cone. Its size varies 3 cm from apex to base, 2 cm antero-posteriorly and 3.5 cm across the base. The normal weight of the prostate usually ranges between 7 and 16 grams. It is composed plain muscle, fibro elastic tissue and mucosal glands.

The prostate contains some smooth muscles that help expel semen during ejaculation. It has a thin capsule of fibro muscular tissues (true capsule) but is also enclosed in a loose sheath of visceral pelvic fascia (false capsule), which is separated from the capsule at the front and sides by the prostatic venous plexus.

The prostate gland lies behind the lower part of the symphysis pubis and in front of the rectum. It lies between the neck of the bladder and upper surface of perineal membrane where it surrounds the proximal portion of the urethra.

The urethra and ejaculatory duct traverse the prostate and divide it into 5 lobes.
The Lateral lobe lies on each side of the urethra. It contains enough of glandular tissues, where adenoma may form in old age.

The Anterior lobe is a small isthmus connecting the two lateral lobes in front of the urethra. It contains little glandular tissue.

The Median lobe lies behind the upper part of the urethra and in front of the ejaculatory duct and just below the neck of the bladder. It contains much glandular tissue and is a common site of adenoma.

The Posterior lobe connects the two lateral lobes behind the urethra. Adenoma never occurs here. But Primary carcinoma is said to begin in this part.

Valveless communication between the prostatic and vertebral venous plexus exists through which the prostatic cancer can spread to the vertebral column and the skull. The lymph of prostate drains into the internal iliac and sacral nodes, and partly into the external iliac nodes.

The secretion of the prostatic gland increases the volume of semen. It secretes watery opalescent fluid which acts as nutrient fluid for the male gametes. It contributes 20% of total volume of human semen. It is discharged out in jets into urethra by contraction of muscular stroma when the muscle of ductus deferens and seminal vesicles contract.

In human prostatic secretions, the protein content is less than 1% and includes acid phosphatase, spermine, fibrinolysin, fibrinogen, and prostate- specific antigen. Other items are fructose, citric acid, cholesterol, cephalin, thromboplastin, fibrinoginase, WBC, epithelial cells, etc. The secretions also contain zinc with a concentration 500-1000 times the concentration in blood. Ph is < 6.4.

AUTONOMOUS NERVE SYSTEM AND SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION
Cholinergic

 

Dilate deep penile arteries, and promote erection.

Contract detrusor and other muscles, and promote emptying.

Anti cholinergic

 

Relax smooth muscle, and promote erection,

Promote prostatic hypertrophy. Relax detrusor.

Contract sphincters, and thus promotes urine retention.

Reduce secretion (except renal, liver, breast)

Sympathetomimic through beta fibers (Adrenaline & nor adrenaline)

 

Relax the smooth muscle, thus promote prostatic congestion and erection.

Diminish bronchial mucus secretion; dilate coronary and skeletal muscle arteries, increase heart rate and work.

Relax bronchi and detrusor;

Contract the bladder sphincter (bladder filling).

Contract smooth muscle of skin and cause standing of hair Increase systolic blood pressure.

Sympathetomimic through alpha fibers (nor adrenaline)

 

Promote penile vasospasm

Contract the smooth muscle (prostatic shrinkage)

Contract muscle of skin- arrectores pili

Contract intestinal sphincter and bladder sphincter

Contract the blood vessels of skin and viscera

Increases both systolic and diastolic blood pressure

Dilate coronary arteries (minimally)

Promote cerebral circulation

Promote urine retention

Ergot (small doses) andephedra are alpha mimic

Beta adrenergic inhibitor

 

Promote prostatic shrinkage

Promote impotence

Promote coronary constriction, promote heart failure

Relax sphincter

Reduce heart rate and work, reduce hypertension

Induce asthma; carcinogenic

Veratrum alkaloids

Nor adrenergic inhibitors

 

Promote penile vascular dilation, and erection

Relax the smooth muscles of prostate

Contract detrusor

Relax sphincter

Ergot high doses

 

Prostate gland problems and erectile dysfunctions often increase as a man advances in age.

IMPOTENCE

Impotence [1] can affect men of all ages. A man is termed impotent when his sexual capacity has been altered to the degree that he is unable to achieve and maintain an erection sufficient to accomplish a coital connection successfully.

Primary impotence: A man has never experienced an erection.

Secondary impotence: A man with previously adequate sexual function who is no longer able to achieve erection for coitus.

Etiology: The causes of impotence are Psychological, organic and iatrogenic.

 

Psychological factors

Stress at work or home, nervousness related to sex, performance anxiety, juvenile depression, religious, moral and social inhibition etc

Martial disharmony-frigidity, negative attitude, dishonesty, physical and mental ugliness, emotional upset, argument nature, and acting personality etc of partner.

Physical factors

Congenital deformities, micro penis, phimosis, hypospadias, epispadias, peyronie’s disease (penis curved and plastic indurations like),

Genito urinary tract inflammations, prostatic disorders-benign hyperplasia, prostatic cancer, prostatitis,

Hypogonadism-testicular or pituitary origin; failure of dihydrotestosterone secretion from adrenal gland, feminizing adrenal tumor; juvenile myxeodema,

Physical illness, lymphoedema, obesity, Hypotension, diabetes mellitus, chronic proteinuria, renal failure, hepatic cirrhosis (through oestrogen metabolism) Atherosclerosis of aorta or iliac artery,

Peripheral neuropathy due to mal absorption syndrome involving nerves supplying deep and dorsal artery of penis,

Spinal cord lesion- (sympathetic L 2, L 3; para sympathetic S2, S3, S4),

Temporal lobe lesion, multiple sclerosis, tabes dorsalis, syringomyelia etc

 

Drugs toxicity

Anti hypertensive Atenolol, Metopronol, Reserpine

Anti hypertensive, diuretic Spironolactone, Hydro chlorothiazide

Lipid lowering agent Bezafibrate, Gemfibrozil, Pravastain

Antidepressant Imipramine, phenothiazine, Dosulepin, Thioridazine

Anti diabetic Rosiglitazone

 

Functional impotence

The presence of full erection upon rising in the morning or erection during sleep indicates some mechanism for erection is intact. If such an individual fails to develop erection during foreplay or if he develops adequate erection but then loses the erection upon or shortly after vaginal intromission, it is likely that he has functional impotence.

 

Organic impotence

If one does not have an erection under any circumstance, either during sleep, or during masturbation, in the morning or in company with a sexual partner other than his wife, it is very likely that he is suffering from organic impotence.

 

Clinical feature of erectile dysfunctions

Loss of desire, premature ejaculation, absence of emission, absence of orgasm, failure of tumescence, Loss of erection

 

PROSTATIC DISEASES

The common diseases affecting the prostate are prostatitis, benign hypertrophy of the prostate, senile atrophy, prostatic calculi, tuberculosis and carcinoma. These conditions usually occur in men over 50 years of age.

Prostatitis

Prostatitis is common in men after the age of 30. Acute prostatitis is usually due to infections. Secondary symptoms like arthritis, iritis, neuritis, fibrositis, phlebitis etc are seen in chronic prostatitis. Prostatic hyperactivity or hyperplasic metastasis to osseous tissues can be suspected, if serum acid phosphatase is > 10 KA units.

 

BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERTROPHY

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or hypertrophy is a common part of aging. It also develops due to stimulation by dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a substance derived from testosterone in the adrenal gland.

Pathogenesis: Glandular enlargement commonly occurs in the middle and lateral lobes. Enlargement also causes the formation of pouch on bladder. This promotes urine stagnation which favor to infections, phosphatic stone formation and retrograde ureteric reflux.

Glandular hyperplasia and overgrowth of fibro muscular tissues results in formation of dense nodules. This mostly occurs in old age.

Risk factors: Higher proportion of oestrogen and dihydro testosterone. Oestrogen can cause early degeneration of glandular portion but it may promote benign non- glandular hypertrophy. The inner zone of prostate is susceptible to oestrogen and outer zone is more susceptible to androgens.

Cancer of prostate is mainly due to androgens.

 

Precipitating factors

Stress (adrenal over activity – dihydrotestosterone)

Consumption of excess alcohol, an acid diet, tea, spices

Deficiency of zinc or essential fatty acid

Poor flow of lymph and blood

Toxicity of blood, exposure to cold

Central obesity, poor abdominal tone, poor bowel tone

Gonorrhea, other secondary infection

 

Clinical feature of prostatic hypertrophy

As the prostate enlarges, the bladder wall becomes thicker and irritable. The bladder begins to contract even when it contains small amounts of urine, and cause more frequent urination.

Incontinence of urine, delay in starting, poor stream, inability to empty bladder fully, desire to urinate, increase urinary frequency at night, painful micturition, impotence, back pain, perineal congestion, painful defecation etc.

Overflow and dribbling are seen in connection with chronic retention.

Acute retention may suddenly occur from alcohol or cold.

When hydronephrosis commences there may be a dull pain in the loins.

Middle lobe enlargement cannot be felt on rectal examination.

 

Investigation: Blood Test: Prostate-specific antigen, Alkaline phosphatase; Digital rectal examination, Urine flow study, Cystoscopy, Rectal ultrasound and prostate biopsy.

 

Complication of prostatic hypertrophy

Recurrent urinary infections, painful retention of urine, chronic urine retention, cystitis, phosphatic stone, chronic renal failure (Symptoms: anorexia, headache, thirst, constipation, lethargy, dry tongue, and hypertension etc), and chronic hyperplasia etc.

 

 

PROSTATIC CARCINOMA

Carcinoma of the prostate is the common malignant condition in men over the age of 65 years. Carcinoma occurs in glandular or connective tissue. It occurs more in the posterior lobe. It may metastasize to pelvic and lower lumbar vertebra through the prostatic venous plexus.

Vasectomy is the one of risk factors for prostate cancer.

Symptoms: Sudden onset of painful micturition in old age is a common symptom. Other features are pain in perineum, genitals or near inner aspects of thigh; haematuria, anemia, acid phosphatase > 8 K.A units, prostate specific antigen (PSA), stony irregular nodule on rectal palpation, and enlargement of regional lymph nodes.

Metastasis signs are bilateral sciatica, anemia, bleeding tendency, oedema of one or either legs, paraplegia, spontaneous fracture, and various symptoms due to urethral obstruction. Other symptoms depend on the organ involved in metastasis.

 

TREATMENT FOR IMPOTENCE

 

Take medical treatment early. The plan of medical treatment must be rational always.

Favorable

Counseling, frank discussion, encouragement and reassurance.

Take zinc 15-30 mg per day along with a copper supplement.

Take water-soluble fiber. Take walnut, avocado, chocolates, fig, honey, almond, pomegranate, liquorices, carrot, milk, fruits, vegetables, lemon juice, onions, anise seed, coriander, ginger, mustard, choline (Soya, fenugreek, egg yolk) etc.

Eat foods rich in vitamin A.

Change your life style. Take sufficient sleep.

Take sufficient abstinence.

Live a stress free life and feel relaxed.

Alcohol in small quantities may help by depressing business stress.

Take daily exercise.

Promote sweating by exercise with clothes or drinking pepper tea.

Hip bath promotes blood stagnation at lower trunk, thus helps erection.

Take smooth muscle relaxants and deep penile artery dilators.

 

Smooth muscle relaxants (promotes erection and prostatic hypertrophy)
Direct

 

Ginkgo biloba, Ammi visnaga (khellin), Arsenic, Nicotinic acid, Chocolate, Tea, Vitamin E, Nitrites, Opium, Pituitarin
IndirectYohimbinum (sympatholytic) Alcohol, Hydrastis, Valerian, Viburnum, Opium
IndirectBelladonna (anticholinergic & sensory penile vaso inhibitor)
IndirectSympathomimetic (Alcohol, cold -beta)
IndirectSympathomimetic(Ephedra, low doses of ergot-alpha) sphincter constriction
Vasomotor centreErgot, Rauwolfia (small dose)

 

Sympathomimetic (Alcohol, cold -beta; Ephedra, low doses of Ergot -alpha) are beneficial for erectile dysfunction [1], but may cause acute urine retention and prostatic congestion. Urine retention may also develop by long periods of immobility.

 

Unfavorable
Taking excess of carbohydrates, habit of cigarette smoking, Excess caffeine

 

TREATMENT FOR BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERTROPHY

 

Prostatic Hypertrophy is treated with medicines or, a minimally invasive procedure or, in extreme cases, surgery that removes the prostate.

Favorable

Change the life style. Reduce the strain and effort of daily life.

Consume fiber diet, barley, butter, ghee made from cow’s milk, chicken (glycine) etc

Take moderate quantity of wine regularly.

Take diet high in protein and raw green vegetables.

Take zinc rich food (oysters, meat, eggs, all kinds of sea food, wheat, pumpkin seeds, beans, carrots, onions, and brown rice).

Take apple juice four times daily for several days.

Increase the use of tomatoes. Take fenugreek tea also.

Consume cod liver oil, sesame oil, evening primrose oil.

Take Magnesium sulphate (1gm /day).

Prefer garlic, asafetida, coriander, turmeric, ginger, and cinnamon.

Apply the oil of wintergreen on lower lumbar area.

Take hot compresses, ice cold retention enema, or alternate cold and hot hip baths for ten minutes a day.

Take abdominal breathing exercise, lumbar and thigh muscle exercises, drill exercises. Massage on lower abdomen at regular intervals to reduce prostatic congestion.

Take smooth muscle contractors.

 

Smooth muscle contractors (promote prostatic shrinkage and impotence)
DirectChina, Ergot, (low dose) Barium, Digitalis, Plumbum, Veratrum
DirectFish brain, Sabina
IndirectCholinergic (plain muscles & Bladder spasm)
IndirectNor adrenergic (Ephedra, low dose of Ergot -sphincter constriction) Spartium scoparium
HormonalAdrenalin, Pituitarin
Vasomotor centreBelladonna, Coffea, Digitalis, Nux vomica
Indirect

purgatives

Aloes, Cascara sagrada, Rhubarb, Senna; Colocynth, Croton tiglium, Ipomea, Jalapa, Podophylum, Phenolphthalein and Ricinus communis
Irritant diureticCantharis

 

Sympathomimetics like Coffea, Ephedra and Lobelia, and are helpful for retrograde ejaculation.

 

Unfavorable

Overweight, sedentary life, sitting on a hard stool for long periods

Frequent excitation, prolonged intercourse

Dry climax, coitus interruptus

Abstinence, suppressing the urge to urinate

Massage locally at acute infection

Take a diet high in fat, red meat, sour and fried things.

 

Treatment: other procedures

Transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT)

Transurethral needle ablation of prostate (TUNA)

Insertion of a temporary Prostatic stent in the urethra

Water-induced thermotherapy

High-intensity focused ultrasound waves

Laser surgery through the urethra

Photo selective vaporization of the prostate (PVP)

Interstitial laser coagulation

 

Surgical treatment

Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)

Trans vesical Prostatectomy

Open surgery

Radical prostatectomy

Orchidectomy

 

LIST OF MEDICINES, TINCTURES & DILUTIONS

Impotence*

Prostatic hypertrophy☺

Carcinoma ♠

Symptomatic □

MEDICINES

OTHER INDICATIONS

Absinthium *

Chorea, Epilepsy, Nerve & Brain stimulant

Acid phosphoricum☺  

Diabetes mellitus, Gastric atony

Acorus calamus *

Visual hallucinatio

, Feeble mindness

Aegle folia *

Diabetes mellitus, Growth disorder, Oedema, Pituitary disorder,
Proctitis, Rectal bleeding

Agnus castus **

Impotence, Sterility

Allium cepa * 

Acrid rhinitis, Hypercholesterolemia, Impotence

Allium sativa *

Gastric atony, Hypercholesterolemia, Hypertension, Mandibular  arthritis,
Worms

Aloes socotrina **☺   

Arthritis, Cancer, Hypercholesterolemia, Immune deficiency, Pain

Alstonia constricta □    

Fever, Debility

Amloki ♠

Anti oxidant, Diabetes mellitus, Geriatrics

Ampelopsis quin □       

Hydrocele, Renal dropsy

Asafoetida *

Autonomic neuropathy, Flatulence, Oesophagitis

Aesculus hippocastan    □

Back ache, Venous congestion

Asparagus officinalis *

Calculus, Chest pain, offensive urine, Shoulder rheumatism

Avena sativa □

Geriatric tonic

Baptisia tinctoria *

Enteric fever, Hair loss, Pox, Toxic fever

Bellis perenis□ 

Pain, Spermatorrhoea

Berberis vulgaris

Low back pain, Gall stone, Urolithiasis

Boerhavia diffusa  **  

Arthritis, Constipation, Dropsy, Hypertension,
Rabies, Renal failure

Brahmi *

Hair falling, Loss of memory, Geriatrics

Cactus grandiflorus □

Atherosclerosis, Mood disorder

Caladium seguinum *

Pruritus, Asthma, Impotence

Camphora  *

Angina, Geriatrics, Impotence, Night emission, Splenic Fever

Cannabis Indica  ***      

Geriatric complaints, Migraine

Cannabis sativa **       

Colitis, Geriatric complaints, Impotence

Cantharis ***  

Burns, Dysuria, Hair loss, Impotence

Capsicum annum *      

Delirium tremens, Fibrositis, Gastric atony, Sore throat

Cascara sagrada *☺  

Constipation, Portal hypertension, Hepatic cirrhosis

Causticum *    

Aphonia, Paralysis

Cephalandra Indica□   

Diabetes mellitus, Neuritis

Chimphilla umbellata☺☺  

Dysuria, Perineum discomfort, Prostatism

Cinchona officinalis *♠ 

Anemia, Arthritis, A.V Block, Atrial flutter, Chronic eczema,
Fever, Gastric atony, Geriatric tonic, Leucoderma, Malaria

Coffea toasta *

Polyneuritis

Conium maculatum ☺☺ ♠

Carcinoma, Geriatric tonic

Crocus sativa* 

Colon cancer, Hemorrhages, Hepatitis

Cucurbita pepo *

Impotence

Damiana **

Frigidity, Impotence

Digitalis purpurea **    

Cardiac failure, Impotence,  Irregular pulse, Oedema, Portal
hypertension, Pulmonary hypertension, Renal failure

Embelica officinalis ♠    

Diabetes mellitus, Cadmium poisoning, Geriatrics, Stones, Visual
disorder

Embelia ribes□ 

Constipation,  Hypercholesterolemia, Vitiligo, Worms

Ephedra vulgaris**      

Asthma, Enuresis, Hyperthyroidism, Sympathomimic

Equisatum hyemale      

Calculus, Enuresis

Eupatorium purpureum* 

Polyuria, Diabetes mellitus, Nephritis

Ficus religiosa □

Diabetes mellitus, Haematuria

Ficus Indica □  

Diabetes mellitus, Haematuria, Ulcer, Sterility

Foenugreek     

Impotence, para sympathomimic, malnutrition

Ginkgo biloba**♠☺    

Anti oxidant, Cardiac tonic, dementia, Geriatric myalgia, Migraine,
Parkinsonism, Stroke, Vertigo

Ginseng**       

Geriatric rheumatism, Sexual asthenia

Gossypium herbaceu    

Rheumatism

Helonias dioica☺

Prostatic hypertrophy

Hydrangea arboracens* 

Geriatric dropsy, Ureteric calculus

Hydrastis canadensis* 

Anorexia, Cancer, Gastric and Bowel atony, Geriatrics, Mouth ulcer

Hydrocotyle asiatica*  

Eczema, Filariasis, Geriatric dementia, Lymphoedema

Hyoscyamus niger * *

Labyrinthal vertigo, Para sympatholytic, Psychosis, Rheumatism

Hypericum*     

Cancer, depression, Hypochondriasis, Neuritis, Pain

Jaborandi☺    

Alopecia, Diabetes mellitus, Impotence,  Parasympathatomimic,
Parotitis

Jacaranda caroba *     

Arthritis, Priapism

Jalapa*☺        

Colic

Juglans regia*  

Acne, Dermatosis, Impotence

Kali bromatum □

Sleep disturbance, Somnambulism

Lactuca virosa □

Parkinsonism

Lobelia inflata ** ♠

Geriatric cough

Medicago sativa ♠*     

Diabetes insipidus, Neurasthenia

Mentha piperata*        

Gastric atony, Glycosuria, Rheumatism, Sore throat

Mephitis □       

Whooping cough

Mezerium ♠     

Herpes, Orchitis, Peripheral neuralgia

Myristica sebifera **   

Impotence,Whitlow

Nupher lutea □

Sexual asthenia

Nux vomica *☺

Amblyopia, dementia, Diabetes mellitus, Gastric atony, Hypotension,
Intolerance, Premature ejaculation,  Rheumatism, Spinal affection,
Spring- Summer disorders

Nymphea odorata*      

Geriatrics, Sexual asthenia, Irritable bowel syndrome

Oleum animale □

Migraine, Prostatic hypertrophy

Oleum santali □

Offensive expectoration, Urethritis

Onosmodium virginianum

Frigidity

Opium***       

Geriatrics, Low susceptibility, Psychosis

Origanum marjoram*   

Depression, frigidity, Sexual neurasthenia

Pareira brava ☺ □

Prostatic urethritis

Petroselinum sativum □

Urethritis

Physostigma venenosum**

Hypertension, Impotence, Para sympathomimic

Phytolacca decandra☺

Adenitis

Phytolacca berry☺♠ 

Obesity

Pichi fabiana □ 

Calculus, Gout, Urethritis

Pilocarpus microphyllus ☺

Diabetes mellitus, dropsy, Impotence,  Pupil constricted,
Sweat disorder, Uraemia

Piper nigrium* 

Cough. Gastric atony, Rheumatism, Thrombosis

Populus tremuloides □

Cystitis

Pulsatilla nigri☺

Hysteria, Migraine

Rauwolfia serpentiana ♠

Depression, Diabetes mellitus, Hypertension,
Premature ejaculation,  sympatholytic, Snakebite

Rheum*☺       

Colitis

Rhus aromatica □

Geriatric cystitis, Glycosuria

Ricinus communis*☺  

Black face, Bowel atony, Cannitis, Spinal fibromyalgia

Ruta graveolens  □

Orbital contusion, Procto -colitis , Insect Bite, Radiation disorder

Sabal serrulata ☺☺    

Prostatism, Sexual atony

Salix nigra*      

Arthritis, High ESR, Hyperpyrexia, High fibrinogen, Thrombosis

Salvia officinalis**

Sweat disorder

Sarcostemma acidicum*    

Geriatrics stimulant

Saw palmetto☺☺☺    

Prostatism, Sexual atony

Scrophularia nodosa*☺♠  

Hodgkin’s disease, Lymph adenoma

Secale cornutum****  

[2] [3]