Materia Medica


Bland leucorrhoea with itching of the vagina.

Copious lochia.

Membranous dysmenorrhoea; spasmodic contractions. Chronic inflammation of the ovaries. Tumours in mammary gland.



Larynx and Trachea: hoarseness, loss of voice in the evening; cannot speak clearly; the voice is weak and soft, with a feeling in the throat as if scraped raw.

The voice becomes indistinct, barking or deep. Painful hoarseness from being overheated.

There is scraping and rawness in the larynx which causes a dry cough; much rawness in the larynx which makes the patient want to hawk.

Every time he swallows saliva there is a stitch in the posterior portion of the larynx, with a feeling of contraction. Mucus in the larynx from being overheated.

Contracted sensation internally in the trachea, or a feeling as if the pit of the throat were pressed against the trachea.

Sticking constriction deep in the larynx and in the throat pit.

The trachea feels dry as if it is full of dust, with much tickling on inspiring causing a cough. The dry cough causes pain and burning behind the sternum and soreness in the trachea.

Cold sensation when inspiring and after breakfast, ameliorated by shaving.

The patient wants to take a deep breath, but it excites the cough. He feels he cannot breathe deeply enough. Inhaled air seems smoky, cold or raw, with a sensation of sulphur vapour in the larynx during the cough.

The cough is spasmodic with much rattling of mucus in the larynx, and fits of

suffocation on swallowing. Spasmodic closure of the glottis.

Colds start in the larynx and go upward and downward.

Irritation in the larynx from being in a warm room. Piercing and contractive pains in the larynx, aggravated by touch.

Recurrent inflammation of the larynx.

Croup and membranous croup from being heated and after febrile symptoms have subsided, where the patient is weak and perspiring; with the croupy cough there is a good deal of loose rattling in the larynx with the breathing and coughing, but no choking.

The croup may extend to the fauces.

Whooping cough during croup.

Laryngeal diphtheria where the membrane begins in the larynx and spreads upwards.

Respiration: cold sensation and wheezing when inspiring.

Deep forcible inspiration is necessary from time to time; the respiration is impeded with the constriction and pain in the chest.

Oppression of breath immediately after taking it, with deep inspiration, together with a sensation as if he did not get enough air into the chest, on account of which he elevates the thorax and inspires forcibly. Velvety feeling in the lungs as if they were coated with down.

Asthmatic respiration at night, after measles and asthma in sailors as soon as they go ashore.

Difficulty of breathing; cannot inspire sufficiently and breathing feels obstructed when swallowing. Spasmodic closing of the glottis.

Breathing is impossible when lying down and is difficult in the mornings, before the menses and during palpitation.

With every breath he feels he is inhaling sulphur fumes or as if there is dust in the bronchial passages. Respiration is very short and the patient is obliged to gasp and catch his breath. Rough, sawing respiration, ameliorated by walking and motion.

Stertorous respiration during sleep.

Whistling in whooping cough.


Cough: on deep inspiration, worse during the day, with paroxysms of suffocation when swallowing.

Cough aggravated or excited on becoming warm in bed; in a stuffy atmosphere, from acids; from dry cold air, from smoking, from milk, from touching the neck; ameliorated in open air and from cold drinks, after midnight.

Difficult, distressing, barking cough. The cough is most distressing and evening in the morning and on going to sleep.

Dry cough in the daytime and at night, brought on from scraping in the larynx or from a sensation as of a foreign body in the larynx; from deep inspiration.

Sensation as if sulphur fumes were in the air passages. Drinking ameliorates.

Cough as from elongated uvula in the morning.

Burning cough in larynx with constriction.

Loose cough without expectoration or loose cough with expectoration, aggravated by exercise and warm rooms or on entering a warm room from outside.

Hoarse cough; excited by deep inspiration. Hacking cough when going to sleep.

Cough on talking; with inability to speak.

Whooping in daytime.

Cough with convulsions; croupy cough.

Loose cough during fever.


Expectoration: thick white expectoration or bluish expectoration.

Mucus may be membranous or scanty.


Heart: anxiety and oppression in region of heart in the evening. Oppression of heart on least exertion.

Infections of the heart with pain extending to the axilla and cutting pain in the region of the heart.

The heart beats severely when standing, ameliorated by deep inspiration.

Pain with squeezing sensation.

Hypertrophy of heart from overexertion.

Palpitation of heart on rising from a seat, on walking.

Violent palpitation when lying on Ieft side. Nervous palpitation; with nausea, in the evening and during a headache.


Inner and outer chest: sensation of great weight on the whole of the chest when breathing, with constriction and a sensation of coldness. The chest itches in the morning.

Pain in chest on bending forward; while walking or walking rapidly; when lifting; ameliorated after epistaxis.

Fullness in the chest before menses.

Aching pain in sides on turning chest, on walking, after eating, when lifting. Pressure in sides of the chest.

Drawing pain below the clavicle and in the sides extending to scapula. Stitching pain while walking rapidly and in the sides extending towards the arms, in the morning, in the region of the right axilla and under the mammae.

Epithelioma of mammae.

Moist eruptions in axilla.

Coagulated haemorrhage and hepatisation of the lungs. Purulent and ulcerative tuberculosis; inflammation of the right lung.


Sensation as if the lungs were full of smoke.



Stiffness in the neck with swelling in the glands of the neck. Two encysted tumours on both sides of the neck. There is stiffness in the cervical region which is worse in the afternoon.


Coldness while sitting.

Aching with chill, at the inner border of the left scapula up to the neck, on moving the left arm, or sitting leaning to the left.

Back pain in the lumbar region alternating with headache and before the menses with weakness and lack of appetite.

The lumbar region feels tense during motion.

Boring pain in the spinous processes of different vertebrae; tearing pain in the dorsal region




Stiffness in all the limbs, worse around mid-morning and ameliorated in the afternoon.

Pain in the limbs alternating with chilliness and heat. Coldness in the evening in a warm room.


Upper Limbs: icy coldness in forearm and a feeling of constriction as if the arm was in a vice.

Coldness in hands during diarrhoea; coldness in the fingertips, in the foot and the first toe.

Contraction of muscles and tendons in shoulder with constricted feeling in the upper limbs. Paralytic pain in the shoulder while walking, particularly when walking in the open air, extending to the arm. Pain in finger joints extending upward. The upper limbs feel restless.

Cracking joints in the morning; after rising. The joints feel lame, especially the left upper limb.

Redness of back of hand with itching spots; itching particularly between the thumb and the index finger; formication of the fingers and of the first toe at night on waking; eczema on elbows and boils on the upper limbs.

The shoulders feel hot and itch.

Fullness and jerking of the hand and twitching of the inside of the knee; clonic convulsions.


Lower Limbs: heaviness of the thighs before menses. The legs become numb whilst sitting and ache. Pain and aching in the rower limbs, especially the left side. Drawing pain in tibia extending to ankle. A feeling of pulsation in the joints, in particular the knee, whilst sitting.

Burning, gnawing, pressing, stitching, tearing pains in the upper and lower limbs; tearing pain felt in the first toe.

The knee and upper limbs have a sensation of paralysis white walking; in the afternoon. There is also a feeling of paralysis in the left shoulder and in the hip. Weakness of the shoulder and left upper limb. Left-sided hemiplegia.

Perspiration of the hands.



Sleepiness in the evening while reading and when writing. The head feels confused and the scalp tight as if a band were around it. Sleepy yet unable to fall asleep. Then prolonged unrefreshing sleep in the morning. On waking feels tremulous, weak and sluggish.Yawning all day with difficult breathing. Yawning when coughing and during chill. Sleep full of anxious dreams; of dying, coffins, funerals, of ascending, climbing, high places. He dreams of descending a steep place and gets out of bed but wakes as soon as his feet touch the floor. Historic dreams. He remembers the dreams on waking. Restless sleep with twitching and starting and tendency to sleep with the mouth open.




Violent shivering, with yawning and stretching, as in intermittent fever, which she had ten years before; with this the head is confused; drawing in the left tibia down to the ankle, whereby the foot becomes quite cold; this is repeated every other day, as a chilliness with cold feet. The skin is cool and covered with a viscous sweat. Sweat appears on the palms and the least exertion will cause fever and perspiration. The perspiration is sticky.

Paroxysms of coughing end with perspiration. The pulse is accelerated.

Internal burning heat at 9 a.m. with chill in the evening during motion.

Cold unpleasant drawing through the whole body’ with rapid alternation of warmth, at first in the left hand and side’

Shaking on inspiring.




Yellow or bluish in many parts. Eruptions which are destructive, burn and then leave an inflammation. Foul ulcers.

Red spots on the back of the left hand disappear and reappear’ sometimes itching and sometimes changing to vesicles which leave red spots.

Boils on the arms and face. Pimples, pustules and acne.

Formication in the arms and legs; tickling ameliorated by scratching.

Glands stony and hard, especially on the lower jaw.

About the author

George Vithoulkas

George Vithoulkas

George Vithoulkas is an Honorary Professor of the Moscow Medical Academy, Professor in the Kiev Medical Academy, Honorary Professor at the University of the Aegean, Greece, Collaborating Professor in Basque Medical University (2001-2004) and Doctor Honoris Causa of "Doctor ViktorBabes" University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Timisoara in Romania. In 1995, he established International Academy of Classical Homeopathy in Alonissos, of which he is the director. In 1996, he was honored with the Right Livelihood Award (also known as Alternative Nobel Prize) "for his outstanding contribution to the revival of homeopathic knowledge and the training of homeopaths to the highest standards".


  • Thank you SO much for this life-saving article. It has helped tremendously in describing a condition a family member is going through, that we can now seek proper treatment for.

  • I wonder whether Bromium could help a dog with laryngeal paralysis, he is certainly worse in the heat, and weak legs, mitral valve disease.

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