This article is specially prepared to show that not only pure water, but also the human body retains electrical energy, when an external emf is passed through it from a source generating emf, even below the decomposition potential of pure water ( i.e: minimum voltage for electrolysis) at room temperature.
The decomposition potential of water is the minimum voltage (about 1.23 volts) required to break down water molecules into their constituent gases, liberated at two inert electrodes, owing to the passage of electrical energy. Hydrogen gas is liberated at the negative electrode, and oxygen gas at the positive electrode.
Experiment 1: This experiment is performed to see the generation of emf by a given pair of electrodes for the following three conditions. Here Graphite (Gr) and a Zinc (Zn) electrodes are used and emf is measured and recorded in Table 1.
Condition 1 (Pure water contact): The electrodes are dipped in pure water and emf is noted 1, 2.
Condition 2 (Living human body contact); The same electrodes (after being dried in air) are held between forefinger and thumb and the emf is recorded 3.
Condition 3 (Salt solution contact): The same electrodes are then dipped in salt solution (sodium chloride solution) and emf is noted 4 .
This experiment is repeated for four different pairs of Graphite & Zinc electrodes and readings are recorded in table 1.
Here it is found that the emf generated by the body is least for a given pair of electrodes and is highest for salt solution. The emf of a given pair of electrodes being higher in salt solution than in pure water, can be attributed to the presence of extra ions 4. But the question remains as to why the body generates less emf for a given pair in pure water, in spite of having dissolved salts.
Now in order to explain such results, another experiment is performed wherein Gr & Zn are dipped in pure/distilled water in a beaker (as shown in Fig.1A) and the emf is recorded (as shown in Table 2). The immersed ends of the electrodes are then connected through metal wire / graphite placed in the pure water (as shown in Fig 1B). The resultant emf is found to be zero. It is therefore obvious that increase in conductivity between the immersed ends of the electrode decreases the resultant emf for a pair of electrodes. After removal of the metal wire/graphite, a salt solution is added to the same beaker (as shown in Fig.1C) and emf of the said Gr-Zn pair is recorded. The emf of the Gr-Zn pair is found to be more than in pure water. Now had the ions present in the salt solution increased the conductivity of pure water, then the resultant emf generated in the salt solution would have been less than in pure water. Also, it should have at least approached zero, but this is not the case. Rather, it is higher than in pure water. The question remains: What actually conducts electrical energy? Is it ions or something else! 4,6
Again it is found that emf generated by a given pair of electrodes on the body is less than that in pure water. As there is more salt in the human body than in pure water, the emf generated in the body should have been more than with pure water, as in the case of salt solution. But this is not so. This implies that there must be some conducting medium (like metal wire / graphite ) within the body that results in lowering of the resultant emf of the electrode pair. Here the conducting medium is none else than the nerves, muscles and extra-cellular fluid which conducts the electrical energy, thereby decreasing the resultant emf even below that of pure water.
Experiment: 2 This experiment is performed to see retention of electrical energy by the human body & pure water, while passing an external emf, obtained from a cell wherein Gr & Zn is dipped in distilled water (water battery, Fig 2), thereby generating emf of about 1volt ( 1000mV), for 3 minutes and thereafter measuring emf of Gr-Gr in contact with body & water respectively 5. Here the generation of emf of the external sources are in the range of 900mV to 1100mV i.e well below the decomposition potential of pure water (about 1.23 volts).The readings for two different sets of human bodies and one set of pure/distilled water are recorded in Table 3 below. The difference in emf generated by the electrode (after removal of the externally applied source) for Graphite pairs in contact with the human body and water are then plotted against time at intervals of from one minute to 15 minutes.
Discussion: The graphical representation of retention of electrical energy by the human body and water clearly reflects that the nature of curves for both the human body and water is almost similar, i.e rate of drop of emf is sharp at the beginning while the curve is almost parallel to the X-axis in the later stage5.
1) Pure water retains electrical energy even when the emf of the external source is below the decomposition potential of water.
2) Like water, the living human body also conducts and retains electrical energy.
3) Orientations of water molecules are responsible for the flow of electrical energy in pure water and salt solution.
4)The orientations of dipoles of water molecules can only explain such results, as stated in our earlier papers, which indeed is key to the homeopathic dilution.
 Generation of electrode potential of an electrode –an explanation, Ruhul Amin & Biplab Chakraborty (Simillimum,vol.XXIII.2010, www.hanp.net)
 The Homeopathic Dilution-A New Explanation, Ruhul Amin, Biplab Chakraborty & Farook ahaman (Simillimum,vol.XXI, Summer Fall/2008. www.hanp.net
 Homeopathic Individualization in the Light of Electrode Potential – Ruhul Amin & Biplab Chakraborty (Published in Homeopathy for Everyone June 2012 hpathy.com)
The electrical energy of substances –the secret of homeopathy, Ruhul Amin & Biplab Chakraborty (Simillimum,vol.XXII, Summer Fall/ 2009 www.hanp.net)
 Solutions Ionic or Non-ionic Conduct & Retain Electrical Energy Ruhul Amin & Biplab Chakraborty (Published in Homeopathy for Everyone July 2012 hpathy.com)
 Water the Magic Liquid: Retaining Electrical Energy, Ruhul Amin & Biplab Chakraborty (Published in Homeopathy for Everyone, April 2012 hpathy.com
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