A useful article about B.H.M.S SYLLABUS GENERAL PATHOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY.Full details about B.H.M.S SYLLABUS GENERAL PATHOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY
|Study of Pathology must be in relation with Concept of Miasm as evolved by Dr. Hahnemann and further developed by Kent, Boger, Robert and Allen. Concept of Miasm in view of Pathology. Reference to Koch’s Postulate. importance of susceptibility and immunity thereby homoeopathic concept of Disease and Cure. |
Characteristic expression of each miasm.
Classification of symptoms/disease according to Pathology.
Correlation of Miasm and Pathoiogy for e.g. Psora – inflammation etc.
Natural evolution in Pathology.
Resolution – Inflammatory exudative.
Interpretation of Pathological report of all diseases and correlate the utility of it in.
Homoeopathic system of Medicine.
|Similarly all the topics in Genera! Pathology and Systemic Pathology must be co-related, at each juncture, so that the importance of Pathology is understood by a Under-Graduate student in Homoeopathy.|
Topics of General Pathology in Relation with Miasms.
Inflamation. Repair Healing Injury
Disturbance of Pigment Metabolism.
Uric Acid Metabolism.
|.|| In each system the important and common disease should be done. By keeping in view i of presentation, progress and outcome of the disease. For e.g. in Alimentary System |
Intenstine Small and Large
Cardio Vascular Disease
Central Nervous Disease
Genitals Male and Female
Skeletal and Muscular Disease
Inflammatory Disease, Tumour
Auto Immune Disease
Inflammatory Disease, Acid Pepsin Digestion.
Common Disorders, Melanoma,
|Clinical and Chemical Pathology:|
| Estimation of hemoglobin (by acidometry) – Count of R.B.Cs. and W.B.Cs. Staining of thin and thick films, differential counts and parasites. |
| Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, urine, physical, chemical microscopically, quantity of albumin and sugar, faeces-physical chemical (occult blood) add microcosmical for ova and protozoa.|
|Methods of sterilization, preparation of a media, use of microscope Gram and acid fast stains. Motility preparation. Gram positive and negative. positive and negative cocci and bacilli. Special stains for corynebacterium –gram and acid fast stains of pus and sputum.|
Haconkey’s plate-sugar reactions-gram and motility of gram negative intestinal bacteria, Widal and demonstration of pasteur and of spirochaetes by dark field illumination. Fountain’s strain-Lovaditt’s stain. Demonstration of Methods of nacrobiosis.
| Diagnosis’ of Infectious Diseases host Parasite Relationship. Disinfectants. Mode of action. Practical aspects of Immunology i.e. Application in diagnosis, Passive Immunization, Immunopatnies in brief including AIDS Bacteria Genetics (briefly) . |
|KIDNEY BLADDER URETER URETHRA|
Glemerulo Nephritis .
Tuberecuiar Pyelonephritis .
Metabolic Diseases and Kidney.
Systemic diseases and Kidney. .
Acute and Chronic Renal Failure
Urethritis., Specific and Non Specific.
Renal Function Test in Relation to Homoeopathy.
|CARDIO VASCULAR DISEASES|
Ischaemic Heart Disease.
Rheumatic Heart Disease.
Valvular Heart Disease.
Congestive Cardiac Failure.
Diseases of Pericardium.
|MALE AND FEMALE GENITAL DESEASE|
Acute and Chronic Prostatitis
Endometesis and Endometrium.
Breast Inflamation and Tumers.
Pulmonary function test
Interstitial Lung Diseases
Gastro Intestinal Diseases
Tongue, Stomatitis, Ulcers, Tumours
Oesophagus, Reflex Oesophagitis
Tumour of Oesophagus
Stomach, Gastritis, CA Stomach, Gastric Ulcers
Liver Cirrhosis, Hepatitis, CA Liver
Liver Function Test
Pancreas Acute and Chronic Pancreatitis, CA pancreas
Intestines Ulcers, Duodenal colics, CA Colon and Rectum
Mal absorption Syndrome
Appendix, Acute Appendicitis.
Sarcoma , Osteoma, Pagets Diseases
Osteomyelities , Tuberculer , Osteomyelitis
Rheumatoid Arthritis Osteo Arthritis
|GENERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM|
Meningitis Pyogenic/ Tubercular
|CEREBRO SPINAL FLUDE|
Picture of various Diseases.
Thyroid Disease Mellitus.
|1ST – PAPER GENERAL SYSTEMATIC PATHOLOGY AND MIASMS|
|2ND – BACTERIOLOGY, PARASITOLOGY AND CLINICAL PATHOLOGY|
|(Each Divided into Two Sections)|
Experimental/Microbiological Spots Reading and Interpretation of Pathological Reports
Common teaching slide from each systems, Demonstration of gross Pathological specimen. Practica demonstration of Histopathiogical techniques i.e. Fixation. Embedding.
Sectioning staining by common dyes and strain.
Frozen section. Its importance.
Phase contrast microscopy.
| Morphology, biology, sterilization, chemotherapy, principles of artificial media, infection, defence reaction, immunity, hypersensitiveness, skin tests, systematic study of bacterial habits, importance-morphological, cultural, bio-chemical, serological and toxic behaviour of the common pathogenic and nonpathogenic species. Pathologic changes produced by diseases-bacteria and their laboratory diagnosis. Staphylococci, streptococci, diplococcei, Neisseria, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (types) Mycobacterium leprae, names and differentiation of spirochetes from pathogenic mycobacterium, corynebacterium diphtherae. Aerobic spore bearing bacteria-Bacillus anthracis, anaerobes, general and special features of the pathogens. Names of some importance non-pathogens. Gram negative intestinal bacteria classification, identification of the pathogen Salmonella, Vibrio bacterium, Pasterurella, general idea about haemophiles, Pseudomonas, Brucella, Ricketsia, Proteus, spirochaetes-general idea details of Treponema pallidum and leptospiraictero haemorrhagica. |
| Viruses-general characters, classification of disease e.g. varecella, Rabies, Bacteriophage Kouch’s postulates.|
| Protozoa-classification names of important rhizopoda, Ent. histolytica, morphology, pathogenesis and pathogenecity, diagnosis, differences from Ent. coli sporozea species of plasmodia life history and pathogenesis|
differentiation of species.
| Mastigophora-generai broad morphological features classification, oathogenesis. vectors, pathology of Kala-Azar, important Teaiures source Disease aue to baiantiaium coii. |
|Heiimnths-definilion of certain terms, simple classification, differences between nematodes cestodoes and treamatodes Broad differentiating morphological features and broad life history and pathogenesis of important species. Cestoaes and Nematodes-mfecting liver, lungs, intestines and blood-general differences between schislosomes and other trematodes |