A cephalohematoma is a subperiosteal hemorrhage that results in swelling limited in distribution to one cranial bone (i.e., swelling does not cross suture lines). Subperiosteal bleeding is a slow process; therefore, the cephalohematoma may not be evident until several hours after birth. A skull fracture, usually linear, may be an associated finding/ most cephalohematoma are reabsorbed between the ages of 2 weeks and 3 months of age. In some cases, a bony protuberance remains.
Causes of cephalohematoma
It is due to rupture of small blood vessels of periosteal region as a result of prolong labor.
Clinical feature of cephalohematoma
Seen more in primparous mother and during vaginal delivery but is also noticed in cesarean section delivery. It can be bilateral in 15 percent cases. Swelling is confined to the surface of one of the cranial bone and it doesn’t cross the midline. The swelling is firm and sharply demarcated boundaries. Swelling gradually enhances in size, which take several hours to few days, it is larges on 2 to 3rd day.
If cephalihematoma is severe child may develop jaundice, anemia, or hypotension.
Diagnosis of cephalohematoma
Diagnosis is mainly depends upon physical examination or observation; no laboratory tests usually necessary, CT scan or X ray skull can be done if neurological symptoms appear.
Anemia and hyperbilirubinemia is seen depending on amount of blood collected in hematoma. Infection of collected blood may take place in infected newborn.
Homeopathic treatment for Cephalohematoma
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat Cephalohematoma but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat Cephalohematoma that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of Cephalohematoma:
Arnica, Calcaria Flour, Hamamalis, Mercurius, Silicea, Ruta, Aconite, Anacardium, Bryonia, Glonine, Lachesis, Opium, Lachesis, Phosphorous, Lycopodium, Ferrum Met and many other medicines.