Colon cancer is a cancer that starts in the large intestine, this type of cancer occurs when there is uncontrolled cell growth in the large intestine. Colon cancer is the most common malignancy in the western world after the age of 50, most colon cancers are adenocarcinomas tumors that develop from the glands lining the colon’s inner wall. If colon cancer left untreated it can eventually spread through the colon wall to involve the adjacent lymph nodes and organs.
Causes of colon cancer
SAD factor – it is said to know that SAD factors are responsible for carcinoma colon. They are:
S – Smoking
D- Dietary factors
Diet rich in red meat has high animal fat; this alters intestinal bacteria, which converts primary bile acids in to secondary bile acids. This is the beginning of the formation of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic compounds. After choleycystectomy, there is increase in free bile acid concentration. Thus increasing the risk of colonic cancer
Genetic factors – have been found in carcinomas of the colon. Colorectal families have been identified.
Other risk factors mainly include
Vitamin B deficiency
Sign and symptoms of colon cancer
- Distension of abdomen
- Weight loss
- Bloody stools
- Abdominal pain
- Abdominal cramps
- Anemia with pale skin
- Changes in frequency and character of stools
- Narrow stools
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Frequent or continual desire for passing stool
- Bowel abscess
- Electrolyte imbalance
- Intestinal obstruction
Complete blood picture
Double contrast barium enema
May show irregular filling defect-intrinsic, persistent. It may also show an apple core deformity
is done to take a biopsy from growth and also to rule out synchronous malignancy as in 5% of the cases. If biopsy can not be taken, as in obstruction, brush cytology can be taken.
Ultrasound and CT
Are baseline investigations today mainly to detect the spread of the disease, Contrast enhanced CT is better than ultrasound in detecting small metastasis in liver. Guided biopsy can also be taken
Carcino embryonic antigen
It is a fetal glycoprotein, not present in normal human beings
Present in last trimester in foetus
If it appears in adults, the following diseases have to be considered: colon cancer, pancreas and embryonal carcinoma of testis
Levels above 1000 international units are diagnostic of colon cancer.
Treatment of colon cancer
Homeopathic treatment of colon cancer – Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat colon cancer but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several well-proved remedies are available for colon cancer symptoms treatment that can be selected on the basis of cause, condition, sensation, extension, location and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following medicines which are helpful for the treatment of colon cancer symptoms:
Arsenic Album, Phosphorous, Carbo Veg, Alumina, Sulphur, Lycopodium, Arnica, China, Acid Nit, Brynoia, Chelidonium, Ruta and many other medicines
Colon cancer treatment with surgical and allopathic mode of treatment – Mainly include surgery mainly resection followed by anastomosis of the parts, Radio therapy, immunotherapy and chemotherapy.
Other natural and alternative modes of treatment for colon cancer treatment – It includes AyurvedIc medicine, Naturopathy, Meditation and Yoga, Acupuncture, Aloe Vera, Black co hash, Carctol, chaparral, Chiropractic, Echinacea, Essiac, Green tea, Gerson therapy, music therapy, Reiki, shiatsu, Traditional Chinese medicine, Visualization, Reflexology, Herbal medicine, Flower remedies, Aroma therapy etc