Proctitis is inflammation of the lining of the rectal mucosa, it can be acute or chronic. Proctitis may be a side effect of medical treatments like radiation therepy or antibiotics, or it may be caused by ulcerative colitis, crohn’s disease, sexually transmitted diseases, bacterial infection, rectal injury, allergies, and malfunction of the nerves in the rectum. Symptoms include frequent urge to pass stool, constipation, fullness in rectum, pain in abdomen, passage of mucus from rectum, bleeding from rectum, and pain.
There may be several causes of Proctitis; it may result from crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis. It can also result from a sexually transmitted disease (such as gonorrhea, syphilis, Chlamydia trachomatis infection, herpes simplex, virus infection, or cytomegalovirus infection), especially among homosexual men.
A person whose immune system is impaired is also at increased risk of developing Proctitis, particularly from Infectious by herpes simplex virus or cytomegalovirus.
Proctitis may also be caused by some bacteria not transmitted sexually, such as salmonella, or by the use of an antibiotic that destroys normal intestinal bacteria, thus allowing other bacteria to grow in their place. Another cause of Proctitis is radiation therapy directed at or near the rectum, which is commonly used to treat prostate and rectal cancer.
Proctitis sign and symptoms
Key symptoms include tenesmus, constipation, a feeling of rectal fullness, and abdominal cramps on the left side. The patient feels an intense urge to pass stool that may contain blood and mucus.
Diagnosis of Proctitis
A detailed history is essential. In acute Proctitis, sigmoidoscopy or proctoscopy reveal edematous, bright red or pink rectal mucosa that’s thick, shiny friable and, possibly, ulcerated. In chronic Proctitis, sigmoidoscopy shows thickened mucosa, loss of vascular pattern, and structure of the rectal lumen.
Other supportive tests include biopsy to rule out cancer as well as rectal culture and examination of a stool sample.
Homeopathic treatment for Proctitis
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat Proctitis but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat Proctitis that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of Proctitis:
Aesculus, Aloe Soc, Alumina, Ambra Gresia, Antim Crude, Colchicum, Hepar Sulph, Mercurius, Nitric Acid, Opium, Phosphorous, Sulphur, Collinsonia, Ferrum Phos, Hydrastis, Ipecauc, Kali Bi, kali Iod, Merc Cor, Podophyllum, Sabal S, and many other medicines.