Homeopathy Papers

Gentiana lutea

Gentiana lutea
Written by Ralf Jeutter

Homeopath Ralf Jeutter shares a summary of the main points of his proving of Gentiana lutea, including its botany, history in the medical literature,  medicinal use, pharmacology, toxicology and provings.

The remedy Gentiana lutea has been around for a long time, but has only been used in a very limited way due to the sparse homeopathic information which was gathered about this remedy. As part of the MMPP (Materia Medica Pura Project) https://mmpp-saine.org/ (German version) and (information in English) I researched the remedy in more detail, collected information which was scattered in the literature, and conducted a proving, which led to a much fuller and interesting picture of this remedy. The Materia Medica Pura Project has been in operation since 2005 under the guidance of André Saine and the help of many colleagues from around the world. Its remit is to update the two most important tools used by homeopathic practitioners, namely the materiamedica and the repertory, and to make sure that the materiamedica work of Samuel Hahnemann, Constantine Hering and TF Allen is continued today.

This monograph on Gentiana lutea is a summary of the main points regarding this remedy as to botany, its history in the medical literature, its medicinal use, pharmacology, toxicology and provings. Since it is still a manageable amount to study for the reader, the proving(s) have been given in their entirety. A so-called genius of the remedy has been provided in order to highlight the main points of this remedy.Currently, additions to the repertory are being prepared.

Gentiana lutea (Great Yellow Gentian) is a species of gentian native to the mountains of central and southern Europe. Other names include ‘Yellow Gentian’, ‘Bitter Root’, ‘Bitterwort’, ‘Centiyane’, and ‘Genciana’.


Gentiana in history and medical literature Theophrastus and Hippocrates were not familiar with Gentiana lutea. However, Dioscorides, Plinius, Celsius, Scrobinius Largo and Galenus have written extensively on this plant. To them it was a remedy against bites of poisonous animals, against pains in the sides, liver and stomach complaints, cramps, inner tearingsand injuries from falls. Externally it was used against ulcers, haemorrhages and wounds. Plinius reported that the best Gentian grows in Illyria; one can assume that he means Gentiana lutea in this case. Galenus recommends Gentiana lutea, especially in gout. Also the herbal books of the Middle Ages had high praise for this plant. Bock and Matthiolus dealt with it in great detail, and Leonhart Fuchs writes: ‘[…] to summarise, the root of Gentian and the juice thereof […] cures constipation. It is a remedy for a whole range of poisons and is very good for the stomach.’ The old literature (Siemering, Gesenius, Lenhardt) reports the use of Gentiana lutea in cases of intermittent fever. Before the introduction of China, Gentiana lutea is, according to Gesenius, the best remedy for this condition.

Medicinal use The Modern Herbal states: ‘All the known species are remarkable for the intensely bitter properties residing in the root and every part of the herbage, hence they are valuable tonic medicines. That most commonly used in Europe is Gentiana lutea, the Yellow Gentian. The root of this species is the principal vegetable bitter employed in medicine, though the roots of several other species, including our native ones, are said to be equally efficacious. Before the introduction of hops, Gentian, with many other bitter herbs, was used occasionally in brewing.’

Pharmacology The root is anthelmintic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, bitter tonic, cholagogue, emmenagogue, febrifuge, refrigerant and stomachic. It is taken internally in the treatment of liver complaints, indigestion, gastric infections and anorexia. It should not be prescribed for patients with gastric or duodenal ulcers. The root, which can be over 5 cm thick and has few branches, is harvested in the autumn and dried for later use. It is quite likely that the roots of plants that have not flowered are the richest in medicinal properties. Caution should be exercised as to its use because it is endangered, and the closely related Centauriumerythraea shares many of its constituents and actions.

Amarogentin and gentiopicrin, the bitter glycosides from gentian root

Extracts of gentian root can be found in the Americansoft drinkMoxie, and its unique flavor is attributed to that fact. It is also used in France to produce a Limousin speciality liqueur and aperitif, with plants gathered from the Auvergne area. (Wikipedia)

Chemical constituents‘The dried Gentian root of commerce contains Gentiin and Gentiamarin, bitter glucosides, together with Gentianic acid (gentisin), the latter being physiologically inactive. Gentiopicrin, another bitter glucoside, a pale yellow crystalline substance, occurs in the fresh root, and may be isolated from it by treatment with boiling alcohol. The saccharine constituents of Gentian are dextrose, laevulose, sucrose and gentianose, a crystallizable, fermentable sugar. It is free from starch and yields from 3 to 4 per cent ash.’ (A Modern Herbal)


  1. There can now be little doubt that genito-picrine, the true active principle of G., is a bitter closely allied to quinine, alike in physiological and in therapeutic action.

The effects of an overdose of G. itself are dullness, weight in head, oppression of forehead, and slight giddiness; symptoms, in fact, much resembling those induced by Cinchona.

The face becomes flushed, and the conjunctivae are injected.

The bowels are relaxed, and the stools have a bilious character.

It is probable that, besides the genito-picrine, there is some volatile ingredient in G. which has a slightly inebriant action, since Planché states that water distilled over pure G. possesses the latter quality. (PHILLIPS, op. cit.) [source not found]

When searching for poisoning reports of Gentiana Lutea, one finds also poisoning reports of Veratrum Album, because they can be confused with each other.

Genius of Gentiana lutea


Disinclination to talk



Weeping easily

Difficulty concentrating

Desire to be alone



Sensation of heaviness

Sensation of heat

Sensitivity (general, skin, emotional)

Pressing pains

Constricting pains

Pulsating pains

Stitching pains

Violent nausea

Sensation of warmth and heat.



Burning sensations.

Irritability (physical as well as mental).

Raw sensation.


Dryness (mouth, skin).

Bitter taste.

Increased mucus production.

Swelling of mucous membranes.

Thickened, tough mucous.

Ravenous hunger. Increased appetite.

Eructations. Violent eructations.

Stomach pains with nausea.

Faintness in stomach.


Sensation of a stone lying in the stomach.

Sensation of lump in stomach.

Bloating, distention of stomach, abdomen.

Hardness, tightness of stomach.

Thirst for cold water.

Sudden dizziness with weakness.

Pains immediately after eating.

Eating aggravates.

Pains (sore, pressing inward, sensitive to touch and pressure) in umbilical region.

Rumbling, gurgling in abdomen.

Violent, cutting colic.

Urging for stool.

Sudden urging for stool.


Evacuations mushy, watery, yellow, soft, pasty.

Shortness of breath.

Sensation of fullness and pressure.

Motion aggravates (headache, back pain, pain in limbs).

Coldness (on back, lower legs, hands, feet)


There are both, Gentiana lutea and Gentianacruciataprovings. The symptomatology is so similar that it is warranted to conflate the information.

The following sources have been found:

Kleinert, G.O., Quellennachweis der physiologischen Arzneimittelpruefungen, Leipzig 1863. (Record of sources of the physiological provings). In them he mentions Gentiana-l., and the sources Buchner, Watzke and Wibmer.

Buchner, Hygea, 14, 1; “D., ” a young man, took repeated [this is where the text in the EH stops. In the book edition it continues:] doses of tincture, 150 drops, first day, 250 second day, 350 third day, 450 morning at 2,3 and 4pm, fifth day.

“E.” took repeated large doses of tincture, ibid.;

  1. T. took a tablespoonful of tincture, ibid.;

Watzke, Oest. Zeit. f. Hom., 1, pt. 3, p. 140, took 12 drops of tincture, afterwards doses of 12 to 50 drops, afterwards one dose of 100 drops.

Wibmer: Die Arzneimittel, V. 2.

Villard, J.C., Schmidt, P., Gentiana-l. proving, GHL 1984; 21:269-271. (Original: J.C.Villard: Une experimentation medicamenteuse, de type homeopathique, a titre d’experienceindividuelle).

R.Jeutter: Proving of Gentiana-l. in 2016 (11 provers, potencies 30C, 200C and 1M). (Abbreviation RJ)


Inclination to cry and disinclination to talk. 38

Emotionally a bit depressed and low in motivation. (RJ 4, day 3)

I want to know why I am getting up. Otherwise I’d much rather stay in bed. (RJ 5, day 5)

A bit depressed and lonely, especially in the afternoon. Feeling there is no aim or direction in my life. (RJ 4, day 13)

Bad mood. 38

Irritated and angry about the stupidity of others. (RJ 6, day 2)

I am incredibly irritated in the evening. Everything bothers me. Bad mood. (RJ 6, day 2)

I have strong emotional outbreaks and am very angry. I can hardly restrain my anger, and want to ideally leave my family, especially the children. These strong feelings throw me off balance. Feeling as if I have left my track, and I can’t get back anymore. (RJ 11, day 4)

After an outburst of anger I eat meat which I don’t want, nor do I like the taste and it makes me feel worse. (RJ 11, day 4).

Beautiful long day and evening. Out of the blue I am in a very bad mood. My partner sits at the table, and looks at his mobile phone. I am cooking in a rough, uncaring kind of way. The food looks like garrison food or stuff one eats in schools in America.  I just slop it on the plate. I put the food on the table and my partner still looks at his mobile phone. I am immediately in a very bad mood. I am very angry, cutting und hurtful. I say ‘bon appetit!‘, eat quickly, get up immediately and leave to have a shower. I can’t get out of this state, I feel distanced. I can’t let it go. I am biting (mood-wise). Later on I am deeply sad about my actions and my heart hurts as if gripped and it burns. (RJ 6, day 8)

In the evening I am in a bad mood. A similar state as the last fit. Dominance is repugnant, all men are repugnant. It feels very strong, it’s not bearable. The anger comes from deep down, and I want to beat it out of me. Most of the time I can’t speak. In-between ugly sentences come out. I can’t stand myself and I go to bed. Crying, thoughts of suicide. The world is a better place without me. Violent crying. I can hardly catch my breath. Deepest despair. I cry until I can’t breathe anymore. Dry mouth. My partner holds me tight and it feels good. It is the feeling as if something really bad happened and one cannot speak about it. Violence, abuse. It is being suppressed and then comes out really badly. Again I feel reminded of the parents of my mother. They have experienced heavy stuff. Violence, death, abuse and they were nasty to each other. (RJ 6, day 26).

Sensitive to noise and light. I try to sleep, and my partner irritates me making noises. (RJ 6, day 2)

Hyperideation, mental excitation with insomnia. Villard

Horrible night awake at 1:15 and 3am; tired most of the day with feeling of not being fully in the body — everything just happens not to me but to someone else. Quiet and do not care just to sit and look uninterested and feeling detached. (RJ 4, day 10)

Found it difficult to spell properly. (RJ 1, after 1.5 hours)

Relaxed but feeling feistier. (RJ 1 day 1)

Feeling more assertive. (RJ 1, day 1)

Have had low levels of anxiety and feeling spacey for several years, which have been alleviated. (RJ 1, day 7)

Altogether I am very relaxed. (RJ 5, day 4).

Anxiety and spacey feeling returning. (RJ 1, day 10)

Broke a fear barrier enabling me to move on – I say what is in the heart which I did not manage to say before out of fear. (RJ 4, day 1)

More power but seemed a bit detached from my body and emotionally. (RJ 4, day 5)

When something unpleasant or unexpected happens, I just wait and observe, without any thoughts. (RJ 5, day 2).

I listen to conversations without thoughts. (RJ 5, day 4)

Had fight with my ex and was quite aggressive and nasty – felt bad and with a cloud of negativity around me afterward. (RJ 4, day 8)

Worse in energy level and ability to concentrate. (RJ 4, day 13)

I can’t remember when I started the proving. I am forgetful. (RJ 5, day 2).

I can’t concentrate. (RJ 5, day 7).

I am forgetful, and at times I can’t concentrate at all. (RJ 5, day 5)

The remedy gives me a good focus, allows me to do things calmly and effectively (RJ 7, throughout the proving).

Strange feeling in head, something ‘draws’ through my head, great tiredness during the day, arrive at home in the evening and can work in a very focussed and concentrated way (which wasn’t the case recently). This state lasts for the next few days. (RJ 9, day 1)

Inner tension, and yet I have to giggle. (RJ 5, day 1)

I don’t want to sort something out and talk. I want to concentrate. I make a mistake when transferring money, and can’t get to grips with the figures. (RJ 5, day 2).

In the evening, my husband comes up to me and kisses me, he wants to cuddle. I say: ‘Leave me alone, I want to sort this out. And our son may wake up.’ (RJ 5, day 2).

I like to be on my own, and sort things out by myself. (RJ 5, day 7).

I don’t want to see anyone but my partner. (RJ 6, day 4)

Sensitive to criticism. (RJ 6, day 8)

(Very deep process, as in a family constellation: I realise through talks that I feel reminded of my family. My father, if he was there at all for dinner, often read the newspaper or something else during the meal. There was often a tension between my parents, hardly any conversations, and if so, what we achieved at school. My mother’s mother was together with an alcoholic, even when their children were already adults, until she couldn’t bear his drinking and his beatings anymore. Later in life she took him back, but on her conditions. From then on she was the boss. Began to beat him down. My own tone reminded me of my grandmother, and the tension of the silence between my parents). (RJ 6, day 8)

We are expecting guests, who will arrive very soon, and I am totally organised. Ironing, stitching. I can get a lot of things done. No, I say to my partner, I have no time to organise the holiday, there are more important things to do! (RJ 6, day 22).

Organising things is easy. I find it remarkable how easily I complete the tasks. Packing the suitcase is done quickly, without stress, the house is being tidied up completely. That is important for me. Rubbish is being put outside, vacuum cleaning is done, I water the flowers, and everything is washed and tidied up. (RJ 11, day 2)

Wake up in a fragile state. Cleaning the house feels good, spring feelings. This remedy asks me to keep things together. Keep on trucking. Company of friends is beneficial, fire, billiards, singing. I have the feeling that the crying in the night before has resolved a lot. This is the way out. To go into the heart, to feel, to cry. (RJ 6, day 27).

Period comes after 26 days, 2 days later than normal. In comparison to how it normally is I feel good, and can do lots of things. I feel clear and organised. When I have my period I can often not walk on the second day and can hardly stand. This time it wasn’t like that. Abdominal cramps, but not as violent as usual. (RJ 6, day 31).

Cheerfulness and lightness during the day, calmness. (RJ 7, day 1)

Rhyming without end. (RJ 7, day 1).

Before taking the remedy again, the desire to make everything beautiful, tidy up, air the rooms. (RJ 7, day 1).

I am gentler to myself and others. (RJ 7, day 7)

It is as if the remedy brings me to myself, to my abilities, to my internal self, to my joy, my creativity, or to put it another way: it brings my inner child together with my adult self together with my current creativity. (RJ 7, day 7).

In the evening feeling of total happiness. (RJ 8, day 8, 3rd dose)

Striking topic for me this week: How much do I give of myself? Do I give more than is appropriate? ‘Yes, all of you, just take, because I am fine’. I carry out dental treatments and ask little money for it. My most preferred option would be to simply give my work away. And then there is a tick on my leg! On the first day after having taken the remedy I was in the forest. I thought about ticks, but didn’t take that topic seriously. Or rather, I dismissed it internally. Since taking the remedy I cry easily. Resonance with others when singing, harmonies of voices, and immediately my tears pour down. At times I can’t sing because I am so touched. (RJ 10, day 1, 200C).

My husband and I have a row over a parking space, and I am willing to get divorced. It pains me in my heart (but I can’t get back on track). I can feel my heart as an organ and also its exact location. I cry for more than an hour and can hardly get out of this state. Everything seems hopeless, and I could simply throw it all away and leave. I can only calm the kids down with great effort. My head tells me that I don’t want to leave, but everything feels so dead, that it becomes totally real that I want to leave the family. A talk with my husband is not at all possible. He is like a stranger. (RJ 11, day 4)

My thoughts are: I can’t do it anymore, I don’t want to do it anymore, it is too much for me. I have the feeling of having failed. Also when waking up again stomach pains and slight nausea. It is too much for me! In this kind of state life is no fun anymore and I can’t cope with all the work anymore. The dishes stack up and the clothes for ironing accumulate, and I seem to play catch-up all of the time. I tell the kids if they don’t help I would ideally leave everything undone and simply walk out. (RJ 11, day 13)


Confusion and emptiness of the head, especially dull pressing outward in the frontal region (first day). 36

Confusion and heaviness of the head, with tensive, pressive pain in the forehead (second day). 36

Confusion in the forehead (second, fourth, and fifth days). 36

Confusion of the head. 38

Slight vertigo (fifth day). 38

Vertigo. 38

Some dizziness of the head (second day). 36

Since three days vertigo, especially when getting up from squatting. (RJ 5, day 4).

Suddenly dizzy, while sitting, sudden perspiration with weak feeling in stomach. (RJ 8, day 1, after two hours)

I wake up at night from the pain: again intense stomach pains and nausea and slight vertigo. (RJ 11, day 13).


Head feels as after intoxication (second day). 36

Head feels dull, heavy, and full, as if enlarged (fourth day). 36

Heaviness and confusion of the head when writing (after two hours, first day). 36

Still a horrible headache, with slight right nostril bleeding. The headache got better by about 11ish but I still have heaviness in my head. (RJ 2, day 2, on waking up)

Heat and confusion of the head (fifth day). 36

In bed the headache disappeared. 38

Painful tearing at the mastoid process behind the ear; sensitivity of whole head and brain, worse during strong movement of head. 38

Right side of head behind ear pain to right temple. (RJ 1, after 1 hour)

Pressure pain on skull behind left ear on chewing. (RJ 1, day 1)

Headache worse on exertion of eyes and continuous thinking. 38

During the period headache as if the head was too full, and sensation as if the skull is driven apart, better at rest, worse motion, preventing falling asleep. 38

I have terrible headaches as if the head is being pressed from outside and at the same time explodes from inside. When I sleep nausea and headache are gone, as soon as I wake up they come back. (RJ 2, day 2)

When he compelled to sit still for a longer period of time he experienced a constriction in the head. 38

Fullness and dull pressure, like a heavy throbbing in the head, especially a pressure from within outward in the forehead (fourth day). 38

Pulsating headache in forehead, temples, violent nausea with the desire to throw up, but it’s not possible. Lay down to sleep in afternoon, woke up at 9pm, worked a little, then slept again, woke up at about 3am, an hour awake, then slept again. (RJ 7, day 7)

Pressing pain on right side of head and ear and neck better from pressure. (RJ 1, day 2)

Slight headache like a pressure from the middle of the head (crown) with a tender neck. (RJ 4, day 8)

End of the day headache (pressure from top with weakness felt around the eyes). (RJ 4, day 11)

Pressure on back of skull better from change of position. (RJ 1, day 1)

Dragging and pressure in the forehead (fifth day). 36

Pressure in the forehead after 12 o’clock (fourth day). 36

Sticking in the middle of the forehead (fourth day). 36

With that pressure in forehead and pulsating carotid arteries.38

Pressing in forehead. 38

Pressing pain in the temples. 36

Pressing pain in the occiput in the afternoon (third day). 36

Pressing in both temples. 38

Sensation of pressure in the temples. 38

Right temple shooting pain for a second. (RJ 1, day 1)

Pain on left side of the back of my head. (RJ 1, day 1)

After 7 hours, about 5:30pm I felt so sleepy that I could not keep my eyes open and if I did not sleep I would suffer from headaches. I usually never have headaches. The headache was mostly behind my eyes. Especially on my right side. I slept from 6:30pm to 9:00pm but still did wake up with headache. 11:30pm headache moved to the back of my head and also my forehead. (RJ 2, day 1)

Pain in the forehead, stitching, boring, between the eyes. (RJ 9, day 21).

Sudden stitch through left temple. 38

Pulsating headache in forehead, temples, violent nausea with the desire to throw up, but it’s not possible. Lay down to sleep in afternoon, woke up at 9pm, worked a little, then slept again, woke up at about 3am, an hour awake, then slept again. (RJ 7, day 7)

Stitching headache, right side of brain, next to temple. It’s difficult to tie my shoelaces (bending aggravates) (RJ 8, day 1).

In the morning, after getting up headache, which lasts all day with extreme tension in neck. Headache disappears in evening. (RJ 8, day 3)

Strange feeling in head, something ‘draws’ through my head, great tiredness during the day, arrive at home in the evening and can work in a very focussed and concentrated way (which wasn’t the case recently. This state lasts for the next few days). (RJ 9, day 2)

For a short time, in the afternoon I got headaches, as if two plugs are being applied to the back of my head. With conscious breathing it disappears after roughly 15 minutes, and does not recur after that. (RJ 11, day 2)

Headache, it already starts shortly after taking the remedy. Pain starts at the back of the head, only on the left side, it then moves to the right, then it moves to the front (area forehead), right side, then to the front on the left side (into the forehead). Then it moves to the back again, first left, then right. I never had this before. (RJ 9, day 1, second dose).

Later irritating tension and transitory twitching in the vertex area. The tension passed over into a sensitive, permanent pressure. 38


Pressure in the eyes (fifth day). 36

Pressing in sensation in the right eye. 38

Pressure in the eyeballs (second day). 36

In the eyes she had a sensation as if they were lying deeper in the orbita. 38

Sticking in the left upper lid (fourth day). 36

Conjunctiva slightly red, with pain in the eyes, at 4 P.M. (fourth day). 36

Obscuration of the vision, so that he could not see the person with whom he was talking, disappearing after a few moments (after three hours). 36

When reading the writing seemed blurred as if overlain by gauze. 38

Within seconds warm feeling from nose to corner of left eye. (RJ 1, day 1)

Right eye twinges. (RJ 1, after 1 hour)

Left eye twitching. (RJ 1, after 45 minutes)

Sore eyes. (RJ 1, day 2)

Itching of both eyelids, more left. The whole face burns and itches, especially around and under the eyes. (RJ 6, day 3).


Ringing in ears, like mild tinnitus for 2 minutes. (RJ 1, day 1)

Tinnitus for a few seconds. (RJ 1, day 1)

More tinnitus, which faded to the sensation of disturbance in the air. (RJ 1, day 1)

Pain in left ear. (RJ 1, day 1)

Left outer ear slight dull pain. (RJ 1, day 1)

Pressing pain on right side of head and ear and neck better from pressure. (RJ 1, day 2)

My right ear is slightly fuzzy as well. (RJ 2, day 1)

Suddenly something changes in my ear. I hear less clear (loud), instead of that a continuous beeping tone. Goes away after a short time. These noises are still there after 9 days. I only notice them when still, when lying down, in the evening or morning in bed. There is a small, quiet continuous beeping tone, which sometimes changes or disappears with swallowing. I never had this before. (RJ 9, day 2).


Stoppage of the nose (fourth day). 36

Frequent sneezing. 38

Frequent sneezing, sometimes three times in a row. (RJ 6, day 1)

Irritability of the nostrils, as if he had been suffering from coryza, soon followed by watery discharge from the nose, which obliged him to sneeze (soon after 600 drops). 36

Within seconds warm feeling from nose to corner of left eye (RJ 1, day 1)

Mucus in back of nose.  (RJ 1, after 45 minutes)

Back of nose still got a lot of mucus (RJ 1, day 1)

Back of the nose and uvula raw. Sore feeling with mucus. (RJ 1, after 45 minutes)

Itchy on right frontal area of the nose, and right and left base of skull at neck area. (RJ 1, after 1 hour)

Inside left nostril, sharp needle-like pain for a second. (RJ 1, after 1.5 hours)

Still a horrible headache, with slight right nostril bleeding. (RJ 2, day 2)

Woke up with right nostril bleeding. (RJ 2, day 3)

Again woke up with a nose bleed right side. But it was very little. (RJ 2, day 4)

Can smell plastic (RJ 1, after 1.5. hours)

Sensitive to smells, burnt smell, smell of cigarettes unpleasant when outside. (RJ 7, day 4)

Nose completely free, can easily breathe through my nose. (RJ 8, day 1).

Blow nose once, clear mucus with light red bloody streaks. (RJ 8, day 3)

I get several red small spots on my nose, which then go away again. (RJ 9, day 3)


Pressure and sensitivity on right eyebrow, on right cheekbone. (RJ 1, after 1 hour)

Sensation of cobwebs at night on day 3, and morning on day 4. (RJ 1, days 2, 3 and 4)

Have big rash on the face – rosette – (mostly on right side) which I have suffered from before but did not had for a long time (I do not remember I had it ever so bad). It is a red itch with a burning feeling and dry. (RJ 4, day 7).

Face is red again. (RJ 4, day 11)

Face redness is worse. (RJ 4, day 12)

Face redness, is really itchy. (RJ 4, day 13)

Both cheeks irritated, red and warm. It itches, also feels rough, application of cold hand ameliorates. It stays like this all day.  (RJ 6, day 1

Itching of both eyelids, more left. The whole face burns and itches, especially around and under the eyes. (RJ 6, day 3).

Pain in the forehead, stitching, boring, between the eyes. (RJ 9, day 21).

My face itches more for 2 days. (RJ 9, day 3)


Dryness of the mouth and fauces (fifth day). 36

Saliva more consistent than usual (fourth day). 36

Increased flow of saliva. 38

Accumulation of much saliva in mouth. (RJ 7, day 1)

Increased saliva. (RJ 7, day 2)

Mucus transparent, milky, strong hawking to throw up mucus, 2-3 times (RJ 7, day 1).

Intensely bitter taste in the mouth, lasting nearly an hour. 36

Earthy taste in the mouth (sixth day). 36

Harshtaste. 38

In morning, sticky gum with unpleasant taste. (RJ 7, day 1)

Globules taste very, very sweet (unusual) (RJ 10, day 1)

Sensation as if I had to spit out frequently; at the inner edge of the lips next to the fraenulum linguae two aphthae, which bothered me for 6 days. 38

The distal part of the palate, both tonsils and the upper part of the throat were quite red. 38

Tingling in whole mouth also. (RJ 1, days 3 and 4)


Recurring, wandering toothache. (RJ 5, day 4, 5 and 7)

Teeth hurt, pulsating, first right, then lower left (old symptom). (RJ 7, day 3).

Diffuse pains in teeth, here and there, not much. In different places. Unpleasant feeling, came back after the third dose. Only stayed for a short time. Minutes. (RJ 9, day 2)

After half an hour of taking the remedy drawing toothache, upper jaw, left side, from left incisor to the last molar, can’t localise it more precisely, it’s often in several teeth, always changing teeth, at one point radiating down into the lower jaw, same row of teeth. This symptom appears again after two further doses of the remedy, each time after 30 to 60 minutes. It’s always there during the day and disappears at night. (RJ 10, day 1, 2nd dose).

I stopped taking the remedy because of the pain, the drawing in the teeth is unpleasant and irritating, makes me miserable. I cannot influence it, increase it or trigger it consciously, neither through food, air, low pressure or anything else. (This symptom appears a week later for a whole day). I never had this symptom before. I never had toothache. (RJ 10, day 1, 2nd dose)


Swelling, fine sticking, and constriction in the throat, mostly noticed on the posterior portion of the palate. 36

Frequent hawking on account of mucus, which is difficult to loosen (fourth day). 36

Roughness in throat, necessitating hawking. 38

Rawness in the throat, (fifth day). 36

Swallowing was more difficult than usual, with some redness and sensation of constriction in throat. 38

Scratching and roughness of throat. 38

Transitory stitching pains in tonsils. 38

Somewhat more difficult swallowing. 38

Hoarseness, failing of voice (aphonia) in the middle of a conversation. Swallowing more difficult with an anxious constricting sensation in throat and a slight reddening of the soft palate (velum palatinum), the uvula and the distal pharyngeal area. 38

Swelling, fine stitching and constriction in throat, most notable in the posterior part of the throat. 38

Lump in throat feeling more like mucus, moving up to the back of the uvula. Swollen uvula and lots of mucus. The swelling sensation goes up the back of the nose. Mucus in back of nose.  (RJ 1, after 45 minutes)

Constriction in throat. (RJ 1, day 1)

Had constantly the desire to hawk up the tough mucous which was difficult to dislodge. 38

Back of throat feels like a lump, getting bigger. (RJ 1, day 1)

Throat and back of nose are clear but throat feeling raw, irritated, almost burning and itching. (RJ 1, day 2)

Nausea in throat. (RJ 5, day 3).

Pain in throat. (RJ 6, day 9)

Don’t have to hawk up stuff anymore (cured symptom). (RJ 8, day 3)

Shortly after taking the remedy (3rd dose) I have pains in the throat, which I never had like this before. Stitching. When I swallow, I feel them, like small shards. More towards the back, on both sides. Next day, after the 3rd dose, the symptom reappears immediately, but then disappears again after a short time. (RJ 9, day 3)


Diminished appetite. 36

Ravenous hunger in the evening (fifth day). 36

Increased appetite. 38

Hunger intensified throughout the day with almost no hunger in the morning. Some hunger at lunchtime and a lot of hunger in the evening, especially to high calories food and sweets (chocolate and meat). (RJ 4, day 2)

Hunger with pain in stomach. (RJ 5, day 1)

I am hungry with a painful, empty stomach. (RJ 5, day 3)

Increased feeling of hunger with little appetite. (RJ 5, day 4)

Lack of appetite. 38

Eructations (fifth day). 36

Eructations and borborygmi (fifth day). 36

Violent eructations several times. 36

Eructation of air which tasted of the tincture. 38

Constant urge to belch. 38

Repeatedly sour eructations, and shortly afterwards within half an hour watery sour vomiting. 38

Eructations having and acid taste (fifth day). 36

Nausea (fifth day). 36

Nausea before eating. (RJ 1, day 1)

Nausea, at times provocation to vomit. 36

Some nausea in the evening, almost with vomiting (second evening). 36

Attacks of nausea after the simplest meal, as after an imprudent mixture of food. 36

I feel nauseous, but I don’t think I have to throw up. (RJ 6, day 3)

In the afternoon everything becomes worse, I am nauseous, I throw up everything what I have already eaten. After vomiting the stomach feels a bit better. (RJ 6, day 4).

Inclination to vomit (fifth day). 36

Feeling as though he should vomit, with watering of the eyes (fifth day). 36

Nausea. 38

Pulsating headache in forehead, temples, violent nausea with the desire to throw up, but it’s not possible. Lay down to sleep in afternoon, woke up at 9pm, worked a little, then slept again, woke up at about 3am, an hour awake, then slept again. (RJ 7, day 7)

Burning and pressing pain after eating. Better after flatus, but nausea after flatus. (RJ 5, day 3).

When I am asleep nausea is gone, as soon as I wake up it comes back. (RJ 6, day 4).

After having eaten a baked apple I have to throw it up again. The vomitus is foamy in the beginning, after that it is better like alcohol, like gin, vodka, whiskey. (RJ 6, day 4)

I am eating a little bit of baked apple, which this time remains in the stomach. I am weak, my stomach complains, it is at the same time full, painful and empty. Everything causes a feeling of nausea. (RJ 6, day 5).

Slight nausea during the day, worse in the afternoon. (RJ 6, day 5)

At 6 in the evening nausea gets better. (RJ 6, day 5).

Tiredness and feeling of suffocation with nausea. (RJ 4, day 11)Eating is not enjoyable. Always this slight nausea in the stomach. Sweet things are not for me. (RJ 6, day 7).

I feel over and over again nauseous in my stomach. Sweet things are worse. It is worse in the evening. (RJ 6, day 22).

At night, pains in stomach, incredibly strong, I can hardly bear it, it goes on for hours. I cannot sleep because of the pain. Permanent slight nausea. (RJ 11, before taking the remedy)

Everything is unchanged, pains in stomach, weakness, outbreaks of sweat, nausea. (RJ 11, day 2)

Wind in the stomach (third day). 36

Stomach empty and faint (fifth day). 36

Faintness in the stomach. 36

Increased appetite with painful pressure in stomach, at the end of the morning. Villard

Heaviness and pressure in the stomach, with anxiety and nausea, even to vomiting, and difficult, full respiration; the dragging and fullness in the stomach and chest were repeated after two hours (soon after 600 drops). 36

Tension and fullness in the stomach (first day). 36

Tension and distension of the stomach and external epigastric region; pressure upon it causes a sensation of nausea, as though it would cause vomiting, which speedily passes off, followed by dragging towards the anus(second day). 36

Feeling of constriction in the stomach (after three hours). 36

Pressure and tensionin the epigastric region (first day). 36

Anxious pressure in the stomach, with a sensation of nausea, as if he would vomit (first day). 36

Burning in stomach. 38

Unusual thirst. 38

Sensation of fullness in stomach with constant urge to belch. 38

Sensation of pressure in stomach, as if a stone were lying in it, with retching (after having taken half an ounce). 38

Rumbling in stomach and abdomen, which disappeared when walking. 38

Pressing in forehead and stomach. 38

Four hours after taking the juice violent, but difficult vomiting of a bitter mucous.38

Stomach problems – diarrhoea and overactivity with dull pain. (RJ 4, day 8)

Stomach feels very full as if going to burst if I will eat more, bloating-like sensation (food going back not sick or nausea but just that the stomach is overactive and makes noises) worse upon eating and after eating. (RJ 4, day 9)

Stomach too full with heaviness upon eating even when eating just an apple. (RJ 4, day 10)

In the afternoon, after food, very tired, but it feels good to work and to talk to people. (RJ 6, day 9).

Desire to drink water. (RJ 7, day 1).

Much thirst for cold water. (RJ 7, day 1).

Desire for cold water. (RJ 7, day 1)

Desire for cold water. (RJ 7, day 2)

Suddenly dizzy, while sitting, sudden perspiration with weak feeling in stomach. (RJ 8, day 1, after two hours)

I am aware of the locality of my stomach, as if I can feel its outlines. The stomach is hard, tight. Feels a bit like a lump, very solid. Sensation as if the stomach burns form the inside. I have breathed very consciously into the stomach, then it was better after a few hours. I could only do shallow breathing. I feel weak. I thought that I should lie bent double with pains like these, but I could only lie straight, stretched out in bed. Lying on right side, on left side and on abdomen was not possible, and did not bring relief.  (RJ 11, before taking the remedy)

Pains in stomach, slight nausea and vertigo are now unchanged. The pains appear nearly permanently, there are only few moments, in which I feel better. (RJ 11, before taking the remedy)

I wake up at night from the pain: again intense stomach pains and nausea and slight vertigo. (RJ 11, day 13, 1M).

I have to be careful when eating. Eating quickly is not possible, since the pains in the stomach get worse immediately. Hot and cold food aggravate. (RJ 11, before taking the remedy)

It is very difficult to find something what I can eat and what doesn’t aggravate. In general, if the food is appropriate, the pains in the stomach stop. Generally good are fruit and vegetables, but even here there are individual differences. (RJ 11, before taking the remedy)

After taking the remedy the pains remain unchanged. I don’t drink enough water and I find it difficult to overcome my resistance to drink more water. I don’t like tap water. (RJ 11, day 1)

After an outburst of anger I eat meat which I don’t want, nor do I like the taste and it makes me feel worse. (RJ 11, day 4).



Discomfort and pressure in the left hypochondrium (second day). 36


Steady pain in the umbilicus, like a drawing inward (fourth day). 36

Sensitivity, pinching, sore sensation in umbilical area, stronger after lunch, like a slight colic, half an hour to an hour, more frequently recurring and remaining with the stronger doses, better when sitting and lying, worse when walking, standing and smoking tobacco. 38

After sneezing inguinal hernia, exactly at the place where he felt the sensitivity. 38

Pressure in the umbilical region. 36

Pressure and tension in the umbilical region(fourth day). 36

Pressing inward in the umbilical region. 36

Pressure inward at the umbilicus (first day). 36

Distension of abdomen, disappeared after walking for a while. 38

He experienced a rumblingin the intestines with slight headache, after which followed an ample/substantial emptying of the bowels, stool was mush. 38

Umbilical region somewhat sensitive to touch and pressure (second day).36

The region below the umbilicus is very painful to touch (sixth day). 36

Umbilical region somewhat sensitive to touch and pressure (second day). 36

Distension, tension, and fullness in the abdomen, with somewhat painful sensation in the lower abdomen, and especially about the umbilicus (first day). 36

Rumbling and gurgling in the intestines(first day). 36

Rumbling and gurgling in the abdomen, which is distended, with a sensation of heaviness and fullness(second day). 36

Rumbling in the bowels; it seems as though bubbles were rising up (sixth day). 36

General sick feeling in the whole abdomen, with dragging towards the anus (first day). 36

Unusual fullness, tension, and distension of the abdomen, with offensive flatulence

Tension in the abdomen, increasing towards evening, with shortness of breath (fifth day). 36

General painfulness of the whole abdomen, with tension in the lower abdomen, especially an aggravated, tensive, pressive, painful sensation in the right side of the whole abdomen, though more towards the posterior portion (fourth day). 36

General painfulness of the walls of the abdomen (first day). 36

Symptoms of his wife (young, strong, phlegmatic): Sensation of distension andcontraction of abdomen. 38

Sharp pain in colon, 6 times for an hour and a half. Had this pain when I was 17. (RJ 1, day 1)

Did not have any symptoms for the first 3 hours. Then I started to have a very uncomfortable bloating. (RJ 2, day 1)

It’s 4:30pm all the symptoms cleared except my bloating which is reduced but still uncomfortable. (RJ 2, day 2)

Tension and distension of the abdomen (first day). 36

Some colic, with pressure in the umbilical region, and urging to stool (sixth day). 36

Cutting colic so violent that he was obliged to bend up, soon followed by heat extending from the lumbar vertebrae, in the morning (sixth day). 36

Painfulness in the abdomen (fifth day). 36


Dragging towards the anus, with tenesmus (first day). 36

Urging to stool, with frequent evacuations of a more consistent nature than usual (fourth day). 36

Diarrhoea with yellow and soft stools. Villard

The annoying tension in the abdomen lasted for another day, but disappeared after a profuse mushy stool. 38

Mushy evacuation. 38

Strong urge for stool. Three watery evacuations followed. 38

Twinging pain in the abdomen, followed by scanty, yellow, slimy diarrhoea twice in rapid succession. 36

Sudden urging to stool, in the evening, followed by a copious evacuation (fifth day). 36

Stool loose (type 6, Bristol scale) came straight out. (RJ 4, day 1)

Bowel opening twice today, with pressure on the abdomen. (RJ 4, day 1)

Early in the morning I am on my way to work and suddenly I have to go to the loo. There is no time to go back to the flat, the organic shop and clinic are also too far away, although either would be reachable in 5 minutes. There are no trees in the forest which have enough leaves to hide myself. I go quickly into a private garden, but the evacuation occurs before I can pull down my trousers. Unbelievably much shit. (RJ 6, day 16).

Take lots of time over bowel movement, stool is normal, but comes in phases. (RJ 7, day 3).

Bowel movement announces itself slower than usual, needs time. (RJ 7, day 5)

In the morning spluttering stool. (RJ 8, day 2, 2nd dose).

Regular bowel movements. (RJ 8, day 8, 3rd dose)

With bowel movement I had a one-off bleeding, as if during menses, with bright red blood. (RJ 11, day 1 and 2)


Bilious diarrhoea in the afternoon (sixth day). 36

Frequent pasty and very yellow stools. 36

Two soft stools soon after rising (second day). 36

Soft stool (third morning). 36

Diarrhoea with yellow and soft stools. Villard

A soft, light-yellow stool, preceded by cutting colic, at 9 A. M. (sixth day). 36

Ample/substantial emptying of the bowels, stool was mush. 38

A few hours later she had three watery evacuations with slight pinching beforehand. 38

Two scanty diarrhoeic stools, yellow mucosy, in rapid succession. 38

Urinary organs

Secretion of urine increased (fourth day). 36

Male Genitalia

Reduced sexual desire  (RJ 4, day 1)

No desire or sexual  thoughts. (RJ 4, day 1)

Female Genitalia

Period started three days early. 38

After the period she felt perfectly fine. 38

Period comes after 26 days, 2 days later than normal. In comparison to how it normally is I feel good, and can do lots of things. I feel clear and organised. When I have my period I can often not walk on the second day and can hardly stand. This times it wasn’t like that. Abdominal cramps, but as violent as usual. (RJ 6, day 31).

Drawing pain in vagina, right side (gland). (RJ 8, day 1).

Sticky between legs, pubic hair sticks together. (RJ 8, day 2, 2nd dose)

Respiratory organs

Some hoarseness (fifth day). 36

Acceleration and heaviness of respiration. 38

I could only do shallow breathing. (RJ 11, before taking the remedy)

In the morning chest felt as if battered. Deep breathing hurts, I can only do shallow breathing. (RJ 11, day 2).

Slightly breathless (RJ 7, day 5)

Shortness of breath. (RJ 5, day 2, 5 and 7).


Cough from mucus at the back of the throat 3 times. (RJ 1, day 1)

Cough with sticky mucus. (RJ 1, day 10)

In the morning between 9:30 to 12:00 noon had a chesty cough. But disappeared after 12:00. (RJ 2, day 3)

Heart pain as if gripped. (RJ 6, day 21).


Fullness and pressure in the chest, with difficult breathing, in the morning (sixth day). 36

Tightness of the chest (second day). 36

Pressure in the middle of the chest, to the left side of the sternum (fifth day). 36

Pressure upon the chest on moving (fourth day). 36

After the first dose pressing-in sensation in the cardiac region/scrobiculus cordis. 38

Constriction of lungs and both hands warm  (RJ 1, day 1)

Sudden ache in left ribs. (RJ 1, after 45 minutes)

Right breast at the top pressure pain. (RJ 1, after 1 hour)

Palpitation on chest and fingers following exercise – strong heart beats felt strongly. (RJ 4, day 1, 30C)

Tiredness and feeling of suffocation with nausea. (RJ 4, day 11)

In the morning chest felt as if battered. Deep breathing hurts, I can only do shallow breathing. (RJ 11, day 2).

Heart and pulse

Acceleration of the pulse in the evening (fifth day). 36

Swelling of the veins in the temporal region. 38

Pulsating of carotid arteries.38


Pulling in the muscles of the neck to the ears, worse when turning head, and a restlessness that could stay for long time in one place. 38

Pains in the back and bowels, much aggravated by motion, relieved by sitting (sixth day).36

Pressure and heaviness in the small of the back (sixth day). 36

Tension in area of kidneys. 38

Pulling and twitching on right side of the neck down into the shoulder, which recurred in the evening during ¼ of an hour. 38

Left side of neck muscle from ear to clavicle – sudden shooting pain for a couple of seconds. (RJ 1, after 45 minutes)

Right side of neck muscle a bit achy for a few seconds. Back of head pressure for a second. (RJ 1, after 45 minutes)

Right sternocleidomastoid muscle sudden intense pain for a few seconds. (RJ 1, day 1)

Pressing pain on right side of head and ear and neck better from pressure. (RJ 1, day 2)

Pressure pain on thoracic vertebrae. (RJ 1, day 1)

Back feeling cold. (RJ 1, day 1)

Cold around back. (RJ 1, day 1)

Back muscles aching for 2 hours, from neck to waist. (RJ 1, day 10)

Pain in lower back, as if broken, in the ilio-sacral joints. (RJ 6, day 3).

Back pain (RJ 6, day 4).

Back is back to normal. Usually the healing process takes weeks or months. (RJ 6, day 6)

I just realise that I sit slouched over, back hurts, I sit myself up straight. (RJ 7, day 1).

Pain lower back. (RJ 7, day 1)

Pain in right lower lumbar vertebrae, while doing Qi Gong. (RJ 7, day 4 and 6)

Shoulder, left side, slight pain, as if stiff. (RJ 7, day 5)

Left shoulder joint, strong pain on movement, as for example when lifting the arm, pain as if the joint were badly inflamed. On the same day strong, stitching pain in right hip joint, stitching pain when mounting a horse. (RJ 8, days 8-21, 3rd dose).

While taking the remedy I had constantly back pain in lower back (which I’ve had before). What is different is that I feel the pain only when I turn around at night, and I also wake up from it (RJ 9, day 6).

A short time after taking the remedy intense itching in the middle of the spine. (RJ 10, day 1)

At night intense pains in right lower back and radiating to the right shoulder. I awoke from the pains and didn’t know how I could lie. There is no comfortable position. (RJ 11, day 2)


Prostration and tension in the limbs (first day). 36

A slight jerky pulling in the limbs. 38

(A sudden drawing, gouty pain in the right hand, with inflammatory redness of the skin of the knuckles of the index and middle fingers, with cramp-like attacks and painfulness on moving the hand, especially the inflamed portions; this pain continued to increase till towards 9 P.M. , when he rubbed the forearm, palm, and back of the hand with some drops of the tincture, which caused a sudden change in the condition; the redness and gouty pains disappeared, and the hand felt quite well; he had experienced this same pain two years previously, at which time the inflammation increased to complete swelling of the hand, with violent burning sticking pains, which soon disappeared, but left a peculiar painful and weak sensation in the hand; on the next morning there was only a slight tensive pain in the affected knuckle; since which time the hand had been quite painless) (third day). 36

Irritating drawing pain in right axilla, lasting several minutes. 38

Pressure in the right hip, near the sacrum (fourth day). 36

Pressing pain in the hips and sacrum on stooping; it seems as though a girdle were about the hips (sixth day). 36

Pain in the left knee-joint, as if sprained (after one hour, fourth day); more confined to the patella (fifth day). 36

Crawling sensation in the knees (fourth day). 36

Sticking and tearing in the soles of the feet, on bending the toes when walking (fifth day). 36

Cramping pain in soleof foot. 38

Both hands are warm  (RJ 1, day 1)

Left thumb warm up through the wrist to elbow. (RJ 1, day 1)

Pain in left thumb joint for 1 second, followed by warmth.

Outer fleshy part of left hand pain for a few seconds.

Left index finger needle-like pain at bottom third.

Pain in an old injury from jarred left thumb joint.

Sharp sudden pain in thumb joint for a second.

Tingling under arms for a second.  (RJ 1, day 1)

Sharp pain in thumb joint and more insistent for 15 seconds. (RJ 1, day 1)

Pain in fleshy part of left hand near joint where it meets the finger, better for pressure. Left leg, at the back of the femur, pain of 3 inches. Dull radiating pain

More pain in left thumb joint for a few seconds.  (RJ 1, day 1)

In thigh and high groin pulsating. Constricting pain better from pressure.

Right hand middle finger bottom joint, sudden pain for a couple of seconds.

Shooting pain in right index and middle finger, better from movement and pressure. (RJ 1, day 1)

Left middle and ring finger, pain for a second.

Pain in thumb joint. (RJ 1, after 45 minutes)

Right leg muscle near knee, lump, pressure pain for a couple of seconds.

Nothing then a bubbly feeling and the pressure pain for a few seconds. (RJ 1, after 45 minutes)

Shooting pain in right index finger, the first large joint, extending to tip.


Left thumb joint pain.

Tip of left middle finger – needle-like pain and right index finger (the middle part) – an old injury from last year.  (RJ 1, after 45 minutes)

Right biceps and fingers pressure pain for a few seconds.

Tingling in right index finger. (RJ 1, after 1 hour)

Left arm pain pressure and constricting muscles down to wrist. Couldn’t be bothered to do anything.

Right ankle pressure pain. Sudden pain in urethra. Left temple pain. Left side of head, pressure above ear. Right eye pain on cornea.

Twinges on left calf, left eye, right cheek bone, left outer knee and twitching.

Legs below the knees cold, feeling like a draught (RJ 1, after 1.5 hours)

Pressure pain on outside of right index finger, right breast and behind the left ear. (RJ 1, after 1.5. hours)

Pain on shoulder muscles at the front.

Shooting pain down the right shin bone. (RJ 1, after 1.5. hours)

Cold hands. (RJ 1, day 1)

Inside left calf pressure pain. (RJ 1, day 1)

Pressure pain between left index and middle finger. (RJ 1, day 1)

Pain on palm on right hand beside the thumb. (RJ 1, day 1)

Cold feet. (RJ 1, day 1)

Pain in left hip – sharp and constrictive. (RJ 1, day 1)

Cold feet. (RJ 1, day 1)

Small explosion in front, right thigh followed by twitching in blood vessels. Same sensation in right ankle at the front. (RJ 1, day 1)

Feet still cold, as if they were wet. (RJ 1, day 1)

Throbbing in left foot at base of little toe for 10 seconds.

Cold hands. (RJ 1, day 1)

Bubbling in legs in blood vessels, like small explosions. (RJ 1, day 4)

Sore finger joints – left index finger dull intense pain, worse on movement 2pm – 4pm. (RJ 1, day 5)

Pain better in left index finger, but still there (RJ 1, day 7)

Left index still sore, but only on movement, as if the muscles are sore. (RJ 1, day 8)

Finger joint OK, pain on bending.

Area of sensitive skin along left arm from elbow to wrist on inner right hand side for 1 hour. (RJ 1, day 10)

11am -4pm finger sore. Shooting pain in finger joint, slight pain on bending. (RJ 1, day 15)

Finger clicked on bending and felt better. Slight muscular pain around joint. (RJ 1, day 16)

Finger still the same. (RJ 1, day 19)

Finger OK – no pain at all. (RJ 1, day 26)

Very slight discomfort in index finger. 3.50pm finger ok.

Small explosion-like feeling in right leg from ankle to knee. Spasms erratic. Gone by 6pm.

10 am to 5 pm Spasms in left under arm, spasms in middle, left side of back.

Midday to 5pm spasm in left arm, triceps. (RJ 1, day 32)

Palpitation on chest and fingers following exercise – strong heart beats felt strongly

BO X 2 precise with pressure on the abdominal. (RJ 4, day 1)

2:30 am awoke in panic with left hand completely numb. After a little movement it relaxes (RJ 4, day 2)

Woke up in the morning with heavy legs. (RJ 5, day 4)

I need to warm my feet in bed. (RJ 6, day 1)

Pain in limbs. (RJ 6, day 3)

Painful limbs, movement aggravates. (RJ 6, day 4)

Adductor magnus hurts. It is difficult to lift up the legs and put shoes on, especially on the left side. The left side is painful and weak. (RJ 6, day 24).


Pain right lower arm, while writing. (RJ 7, day 1)

I notice a small spot on my left arm, which has been there a long time, slight itching and pain. (RJ 7, day 1)

During the day, pain in ankle, right foot, as if sprained. (RJ 7, day 1).

Pulsating pain in left tibia (an old injury). (RJ 7, day 3)

Pain in left ankle, as if sprained (reminds me of injury 30 years ago). (RJ 7, day 4).

Pain in left shoulder, then 10 minutes later, pin in left ilio-sacral joint, in shoulder gone (felt this while walking after work). (RJ 7, day 6)

Left leg, stitching pain, legs give way for a short moment, fear of falling. (RJ 8, day 1)

Left knee, injured, ran against metal chair (comment: after 3 weeks injury has still not healed, painful on pressure). (RJ 8, day 1)

Hip joint, stitching pain, with fear of falling. (RJ 8, day 2, 2nd dose).

Pain in left big toe. (RJ 8, days 8-21, 3rd dose)

Pain in right index finger, in carpal-phalangeal joint. (RJ 8, days 8-21, 3rd dose)

A small blister forms on the right lower arm, which I scratch open. After that it burns out of proportion and for a long time. The burning pain only disappears the following day. (RJ 9, day 3)

Left index finger, in the most distal joint, lateral dorsal, a spot which is sensitive to pressure (I never had this). I can do everything with the finger, but pressing on it hurts. Sometimes the joint becomes bigger (but I am left-handed and I use this finger more often). I still have this symptom (time not specified). (RJ 9, day 6)


Yawning (fifth day). 36

Restless sleep (one night). 38

Sleep uneasy (sixth day). 36

Sleep uneasy for several days. 36

After going to bed he was unable to sleep for a long time; awoke about midnight with aggravation of the heat, with tormenting cutting pains in the abdomen and rapid respiration; constant pains prevented sleep and obliged him to toss about the bed; felt better when lying on the back with the feet drawn up; constant passage of wind upward and downward without relief;the abdomen remained full and distended even above the transverse colon, except the epigastric region, and painful to touch; after two 2 P.M. he was able to slumber, the pains in the abdomen alone disturbed the sleep; there was great weakness and exhaustion after the sleep;he was unable to sleep really, although he attempted it in every position; the next morning the abdomen was still painful, with cutting pains when touched, especially from the pubic region to the transverse colon; he was obliged to walk slowly because the abdomen was painful on motion or a hard step (sixth day). 36

Short awake in 02:00 or so to drink

Bad night’s sleep.

Good sleep without dreaming (first time). (RJ 4, day 9)

Horrible night wake in 1:15, and 3am tied most of the day with feeling not being fully in the body — everything just happen not to me but to someone else. (RJ 4, day 10)

Sleeping not great hard to feel asleep (like more days recently could not sleep until after midnight (1:00) due to too many thought about people. (RJ 4, day 12)

Went back to bed at 12:00 absolutely sleepy and drowsy. Like I was unconscious through the night (considering the fact that I usually wake up couple of times through the night). (RJ 2, day 1)

Little sleep (not more than 6 hours). (RJ 8, day 8, 3rd dose).

Woke up at 3am, lay awake, lots of mulling over things. (RJ 7, day 2)

After taking the remedy in the morning, laid down again and fell asleep. Ringing sound in left ear, high-pitched, the sound wakes me up, last for about 20 minutes. (RJ 10, day 1).


Dream that there is an obstacle in the shape of a rope that I must cross.  I go above it and feel great as usually in the dream, I said to myself, I will go below. (RJ 4, day 3)

Second dream: I call a girl to ask her out, but she could not pick up the phone as she is busy in the hospital, but still I feel that she will say yes so awake with a smile and a feeling of achievement. (RJ 4, day 3)

Have dreams again about people (RJ 4, day 5)

Emotionally more stable although found it hard to wake up especially as I dream that I am part of a great project in business. However, like previous dreams it does not feel like I am the hero in the dream. I feel and know what the person feels but it is not me. (RJ 4, day 6)

Dream that I was part of a great project. (RJ 4, day 7)

I run along the sea, along a coast and look into the sea. I then get to a beach, where young people jump into the waves and are happy about ever higher waves. Then a giant wave comes, which slops over a transparent disc, which keeps me at a distance from the waves. I run into a gorge for safety, so that I remain dry all through the dream. (RJ 5, day 5)

Two young men come into the practice and work on something technical. My partner is in a consultation, and they go without an invitation into the pharmacy, and open their computers. I invite them to work in the kitchen. The remedies need to be protected from the radiation. They look at me as if I am crazy. (RJ 6, day 3)

Dream about my partner’s former wife, she is alive and back. It is beautiful and then confusing – what does that mean? Am I then still together with my partner? She appears very easy, and says ‘ take your seat.’ But I feel very strange. She is, after all, his wife. I wake up, feeling really sad. (RJ 6, day 4).

I was too late and missed a flight. The plane flies over beautiful islands and suddenly there is a problem. The plane comes down, gets destroyed on the beach, and is suddenly a smaller plane, old-fashioned, open cockpit, with an old man inside it, but unconscious. I take him out of the cockpit and lay him down on the beach. (RJ 6, day 5).

Dreamt again of my partner’s former wife, nearly the same dream. She is alive again. The question arises again in the dream: ‘What does that mean for my partner and myself.’ There is a big party. (RJ 6, day 6).

I am being driven in a car. Somebody has been forgotten. I am knocking at the window which separates me from the driver and the driver stops. I get out, open the door, but the driver is not in the driver’s seat. Somebody comes up to me from behind and touches me, puts his hand over my eyes. I am terrified to death, I am being raped. (RJ 6, day 28).

I am going on a long journey, through different countries, I arrive at a beach at the ocean and my parents are there. We go into the water and our clothes drift away, we are naked. We say good-bye to each other. I embrace my mother, my father, again my mother. I could feel her skin precisely. Then I turn around and swim into the ocean. (RJ 6, day 31).

Dream at night that I two people row about two beautiful red laced dancing shoes – who will get them? (RJ 11, day 4).

For two days I dreamed at night in English and I wake up with the thought of it. (RJ 11, day 5)

There was a group of people, also members from the homeopathy group and also some Indians. It was my own funeral and I was present, but being alive. The group and myself went one way.

I knew that I had done it like this in an earlier life and it feels right like this. There was a clarity that my life had now ended and so I went with the group to my own funeral. I wondered for a little while why my teacher Annalisa didn’t lead this group, but then I remembered that she died a while ago.

A tall man with brown skin and short white hair and a bandana around his head, picked me up. I arranged cups so that everybody could take one in order to drink from it later – in any case the cups were then to be thrown away, the way they do it in India.

The man tells me that he had just arranged another funeral, and the man who died was 2,40m in height when he picked him up, but the next day he was 1,60m.  What had happened? The person said: what do you think how much energy it takes to be that tall. And then he reminded me of Buddha.

I went towards the head of the group and it was strange feeling to go to my own funeral and it became clear to me that the way is so long and that I have to pass through all my fears and I have to let go off everything, until I am ready. And then I asked myself, when I am at the right place, do I then simply fall down dead or will I be killed? (RJ 11, day 13, 1M)


I notice a small spot on my left arm, which has been there a long time, slight itching and pain. (RJ 7, day 1)


Increased warmth over the whole body; immediately (third day). 36

Increased warmth of the head, especially of the cheeks (fifth day). 36

Febrile excitement, transient, starting from the back, like a shivering, and rapidly spreading over the whole back like an electric shock; this symptom was repeated three times at short intervals, followed by exhaustion (first day). 36

Feverish feeling. (RJ 6, day 1)

Heat flush (RJ 8, day 2, after second dose)


I sweat at night. (RJ 5, day 5)

The daily, strenuous activities were accompanied with outbreaks of sweat, roughly every half an hour, esp. on forehead and under arms. I feel like as if I have a fever, internally very hot, externally rather cool. (RJ 11, before taking remedy)

Everything unchanged, pains in stomach, weakness, outbreaks of sweat, nausea. (RJ 11, day 2)


Desire for tobacco.  Villard

Weakness and prostration (sixth day). 36

Trepidation/nervousness. 38

The complaints got better in fresh air. 38 

Restlessness, weakness. 38

Evening tinglingover the body as from fleas. 38

A general diffused dullness of the whole body (fourth day). 38

Dull feeling of the whole body and morose mood (first day). 36

Felt that my whole body was affected, nerves felt very tense, so that I found walking difficult. All symptoms improved after drinking a hot soup. 38

Feeling cold.  (RJ 1, after 45 minutes)

Relaxed and sleepy. (RJ 1, after 1 hour)

Feeling heavy. Not cold.  (RJ 1, after 1 hour)

Feeling heavy and lethargic for several minutes. Intense relaxation. (RJ 1, after 1.5 hours)

Desire cheese (RJ 1, after 1.5 hours)

Extreme tiredness, nearly falling asleep, while washing dishes. (RJ 1, after 1.5. hours)

Restless, had to go out spontaneously. (RJ 1, day 2)

Feeling as if I had not got enough fresh air. (RJ 1, days 5 and 6)

Very tired in 16:00 lay in bed and just feel asleep do not have power to do anything. (RJ 4, day 1)

Still very tired, worse16;00-18:00 (RJ 4, day 1)

Exhausted and out of power most of the day — usually I am tired but today it seemed worse. (RJ 4, day 3)

Weighed myself and gained about 3 kg since last time. (RJ 4, day 3)

Emotionally more connected but still weak physically. (RJ 4, day 5)

Exhausted but much better than last week. (RJ 4, day 11)

Tiredness and feeling of suffocation with nausea. (RJ 4, day 11)

Worse in power level and ability to concentrate. (RJ 4, day 13)

After 7 hours about 5:30pm I felt so sleepy that I could not keep my eyes open and if I did not sleep I would suffer from headaches. I usually never have. (RJ 2, day 1)

Desire for fresh orange juice. (RJ 5, day 1)

On the way home I feel tired, but at the same time light and supple, as if I dance along the pavement and float above it, like a cloud or as if one a cloud. (RJ 5, day 1).

I feel very cold before going to sleep, so that I need to sleep with an extra duvet. (RJ 5, day 3, 4 and 5).

Desire for sweet things, a little coffee (RJ 5, day 4).

I feel tired. (RJ 5, day 5)

I feel very cold this morning, even after a shower. (RJ 5, day 5).

I feel feverish, everything hurts. Pain in the limbs. I feel rather cold, and I don’t like drafts. (RJ 6, day 3).

Feverish feeling. (RJ 6, day 1)

I have been sleeping nearly nine hours during the day, because I feel ill. (RJ 6, day 4)

In the afternoon, after food, very tired, but it feels good to work and to talk to people. (RJ 6, day 9).

Unexpected desire to smoke a cigarette, when passing a smoker in the street. (RJ 6, day 10).

Doing sports is beneficial, to cycle quickly with the bike through the forest. To study and to stitch and to be creative is beneficial. (RJ 6, day 28)

Desire for fresh air. (RJ 7, day 1).

Extremely tired, want to sleep. (RJ 8, day 1)

Desire for milk coffee. Strong desire for coffee (RJ 8, day 2, 2nd dose)

In the morning desire for cold cola. (RJ 8, day 2, 2nd dose)

Feel strong and persevering. (RJ 8, day 8, 3rd dose).

During the proving I drank a cup of coffee daily (unusual). And I really like it, because of the bitter taste. (RJ 8, days 8-21, 3rd dose).

The daily, strenuous activities were accompanied with outbreaks of sweat, roughly every half an hour, esp. on forehead and under arms. I feel like as if I have a fever, internally very hot, externally rather cool. (RJ 11, before taking remedy)

Weakness and sensations of fainting reoccur. My feet are as heavy as lead and the knees are wobbly, shaky. I have to lie down flat on my back, in order not to faint. Permanent this feeling of fainting. (RJ 11, before taking remedy)

Everything unchanged, pains in stomach, weakness, outbreaks of sweat, nausea. (RJ 11, day 2)



(Afternoon), the symptoms; towards evening, tension in abdomen. 36

(After eating), attacks of nausea. 36

(Motion), the symptoms; pressure upon chest; pains in back, etc. 36

(Stepping), pain in hips, etc. 36

(When writing), heaviness, etc., of head. 36


No ameliorations mentioned (R.J.)

Matthew Wood adds the following information on Gent-l.

In this we have another remedy for Bee stings and allergic reactions.  The shade of difference between Apis andGentiana make the study worthwhile.  With Bee stings, the more emphasis there is on swelling and redness the more appropriate is Apis.  In Gentiana the swelling is not severe, but the reactions is.  The symptoms resemble Anaphylaxis or acute allergic reaction.

The leading symptoms are:

Panic, alarm, confusion.  Lack of connection to people and feelings.  Waves of anxiety and panic through the stomach, stomach acidity.  Heart rate accelerated, pain extending from the heart to the top of the left shoulder. Panic attacks in ulcer patients, accompanied by excess secretion of  Hydrochloric acid.

(Mathew WOOD, HOM. 1/89)


Allen, T.F.: Encyclopaedia of Pure Materia Medica.

Hughes, R.: Cyclopaedia of Drug Pathogenesy

Villard, J.-C. and Schmidt, P. Gent-l., proving, Cahiers de GroupementHahnemannien 1984; 21: 269-271Wood, M., Gentiana lutea, The Homoeopath, 1, 1989.

Ralf Jeutter, Gentiana luteum proving (2016)

About the author

Ralf Jeutter

Ralf Jeutter Ph.D. practises and teaches homeopathy in Brighton and London. He trained in Manchester (UK) and the Institute of Clinical Research in Mumbai and Pune, India.  http://www.thehomeopath.org.uk
Integral Clinic, 2 Wilbury Crescent, Hove BN3 6FL T.01273 775559

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