Materia Medica

Understanding The Kingdom Classification: Introduction to the Mineral, Plant and Animal Kingdoms


The main theme of the cations is the need for a relationship, but this theme gets a characteristic turn in each group.The theme of cations of Group IA (i.e. Sodium and Potassium) is forming of relationships. For the cations of Group IIA, i.e. Magnesium, Calcium, Strontium, Barium, the theme is a need for support. Group III elements Boron and Aluminium have in common a feeling of confusion and a sensation as if there was a cobweb on the face. Common themes of cations can be summarized as follows:

Need for relationship/Formation of relationships – Need for support- Feeling of confusion.


The main theme among the anions is the effort to keep or maintain a relationship. In Group V (Phosphorus, Arsenic, Antimony, Bismuth), the theme is a feeling of being unloved and alone. The symptoms common to elements of this group are: ‘Fear of being alone’, ‘Desire for company’ and ‘Clinging’. Among the elements of Group VI (i.e. Sulphur and Selenium), we see the common symptoms ‘Aversion to company’ and ‘Incapacity to work’. The theme here is one of making an enormous effort which is expected from them. Group VII contains the halogens, Fluorine, Chlorine, Bromine, Iodine. They have a central feeling of being let down and betrayed. Group IV contains the non-metallic elements, Carbon and Silica. The feature common to both is that they are non reactive.


A salt represents the union of two qualities which balance each other and together are appropriate in certain life situations. Of the two components of a salt, the cations need to form a relationship while the anions sometimes seem to repel a relationship. For example the quality of Natrum is a strong desire to form a relationship, so much so that any rejection would cause tremendous hurt and disappointment. This need of Natrum has to be balanced by a quality of expecting disappointment and rejection, and unwillingness to form relationships. This is provided by the muriaticum element (Chlorine). Thus, Natrum muriaticum is understandably a very basic salt, for it represents man’s need to form relationships, and at the same time the ability to withstand rejection. It is important to note that both elements of a salt are expressed together in a patient, in the same situation/sentence and not in different incidences.


The main theme of the acid group is a struggle followed by collapse. The acid of a particular element represents a constant effort/struggle in the situation of that element. For example the main feeling of Phosphorus is that he is unloved and he reacts to this feeling by being affectionate, friendly and sympathetic in the hope that his love and care will be reciprocated. The effort of Phosphorus is therefore in the direction of caring for others, being sympathetic towards them, etc. When this effort becomes constant, i.e. when he feels the need to make a constant effort to care for others, the state calls for an acid remedy of that element i.e. Phosphoricum acidum.


The basic issue of plant families is sensitivity and reactivity. The person gets easily affected and describes it as something happening within him. A small example: a mineral person giving a history of a headache will probably start as “My first attack of headache started on a certain date and time”. This is a structured talk. A person needing an animal remedy would say, “This headache is after me. It has been after me for a long time and now I have to get rid of it once and for all”. A plant person would say, “This headache really affects me, hurts me and causes me to weep”.  This is plant sensitivity and reactivity. They are emotional, sentimental and usually disorganized.

If the main thing in the plant kingdom is sensitivity, then each family must have its own kind of sensitivity. Remedies from a particular family share at least one common sensation or type of pain.  As an example, remedies of the Composite family share the sensation of being injured or hurt. This common sensation expresses itself in all remedies of the family, in differing ways. Some like Arnica express the sensation directly as a bruised pain; yet others likes Chamomilla express it as a reaction by hurting others. But the main feeling in all of them remains common.

The sensation could be expressed in four different ways viz. as the sensation itself, as a passive reaction, as an active reaction, or as compensation. For example if the sensation is being injured or hurt, the passive reaction is to get dazed, the active reaction is to strike back and the compensation is to become the tough one who can take any hurt. On closer examination we realize that all the remedies of a given family have all these types of expressions, though one type is better known in each specific remedy.

Despite the common feeling or sensation, there is a wide difference in the pictures or symptomatology of the various remedies in the same family. This difference is because they belong to different miasms. In other words this means, that though the sensation is common, each remedy perceives it in a different depth and degree of desperation, and this accounts for the difference in the symptoms.

In asking the question, what is common between Nux-v, Gels and Ign., we see that Nux is a bossy, fastidious, impatient, irritable person. Gels is a nervous, tremulous, sleepy, drowsy person who cannot take bad news. Ign is a woman who has had a big grief, disappointment or shock and has to hold everything within herself (silent grief).

Although the three remedies have different expressions they share a common sensation i.e. “Shock- How can this happen!” The difference is that each remedy perceives the shock in a different degree. Though the common sensation is shock, each remedy has its own pace, depth and degree of desperation i.e. the common sensation is experienced in a different way by each of the remedies.

Nux-v feels, “How can I recover from this quickly? (Impatient) The stock market has fallen and I must recover quickly.”

Gels has the feeling, “I cannot withstand the shock, I am too weak and must avoid anything that causes the shock” In anticipation of the shock he becomes tremulous, gets an urge to go to the toilet or becomes sleepy.  If asked to give a speech on the spur of the moment he avoids it.

Ign. perceives that she cannot avoid the shock and must be in control of herself in the face of shock. e.g. A woman with children suddenly learns about the death of her husband. Her life is changed from total order to chaos. She needs to hold the grief within herself and be in total control.

Nux perceives it as a critical situation (typhoid), Gels needs to avoid (sycotic) and Ign perceives as chaos and needs to be in control (cancer). The three remedies perceive the situation of shock in different ways. . So we understand that a particular family has a particular sensation that is common to all the remedies of the family and each remedy in that family perceives it in a different way, which is the miasm.


The main theme of the animal remedies is the issue of survival. In humans, regarding survival we hear these themes: competition, high and low, aggressor and victim, strong and weak, predator and prey, one versus the other, dominating and dominated, persecutor and persecuted. The split exists within the self also. I hate myself. I versus myself. I am disgusted with myself. I hate myself. The attraction and sexuality is very important for the propagation of the species. This is the story of the animal kingdom. Contradiction of will is a strong animal theme.

We think of an animal remedy in a case when:

  • The patient doesn’t give us a clear-cut local sensation or gives many local sensations.
  • And the local sensation leads to the issue of survival, victim-aggressor, hierarchy, competition, attractiveness etc. (Listed below) Every aspect of the patient’s life can be narrowed down to such issues. All these themes may be present together in the case.
  • The energy pattern and hand gestures always show one thing doing something to the other, i.e. He is pouncing on me.
  • The patient may show the connection with the source in his dreams / fears / fascinations / interests and hobbies.

The issues found in an animal case are:

  • Issue of Survival, threat to life. They can also be deceitful, malicious and aggressive. Patient uses the expressions like,” They will kill me”, “…cuts me”, “…bites me”, “…rips me off”, “…tears me apart” etc.
  • Victim and aggressor. Feels victimized by people, illness. Patient uses the expressions like,” People are doing this to me”, “Illness is doing this to me” etc.
  • Trapped, caged and needing freedom.
  • Hierarchy – superior, inferior, they are above me, they are dominating me, over powering me, high and low.
  • Sexuality and Attractiveness – There is a need to attract attention, and these personalities are attractive in their behavior and appearance. Feeling dirty about themselves.
  • Competition (which is the key to survival in the animal world).
  • Split  – a “conflict” which has its basis in a split within the self. There are two different sides to such personalities: the animal side and the human side. Their human side seems to have contempt for the animal within. The way they feel about themselves is often reflected in their expressions which may be: “…by human beings”, “Human beings are so cruel”, “I feel split up”, “I jump at them”, “I am not good enough”, etc.
  • Connection with the source. Fear / Fascination / aversion to animals.
  • Jealousy
  • Need to belong to a group.

Among the animal remedies, different sub-kingdoms e.g. snakes, insects, mammals, birds etc., will each represent its own characteristic features. Some points that help us in the process of differentiation are

  • Connection with the source and relation with other animals
  • Kind of attack and being attacked feeling
  • Group feeling
  • High pace, hyperactivity
  • Miasm
  • Sexuality
  • Other qualities
  1. Connection with the source and relation with other animals :-  

Fear or fascination, aversion to or dreams of some specific animal. (Seen in all animals)

About the author

Rajan Sankaran

Rajan Sankaran

Rajan Sankaran, MD (Hom), FSHom (UK) is reputed to be a clear and original thinker and is best known for his path breaking concepts in Homoeopathy. His understanding of ‘disease as a delusion’ followed by his discovery of newer miasms, classification of diseased states into kingdoms and the seven levels of experience, brought in much more clarity into understanding diseased states. The Sensation method has now evolved into a more comprehensive and synergistic approach, which strongly advocates to encompass and integrate the old, classical and traditional approaches with the latest advances. This approach –‘The Synergy of Homoeopathy’, has resulted in a far greater predictability of results than ever before. Dr. Sankaran heads ‘the other song—International Academy of Advanced Homoeopathy’, in Mumbai. This academy primarily focuses on imparting advanced clinical training to students and practitioners, integrated with a homoeopathic healing centre. Also he has his own personal clinic at Juhu area of Mumbai, India. He is also the President of Synergy Homeopathic, which is dedicated to empowering practitioners, teachers and students alike through the development of reliable, comprehensive homeopathic software and teaching tools.

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  • i am homoeopathic doctor i would like to know about exact principle behind human mental aspect to organ activity as we all know thoughts related to sex trigers stimuli towards sexual organs in such way is there another pathway between emotions and organ responce