Disease Index Neurological Disorders

Epilepsy Treatment

What is Epilepsy?


The term ‘epilepsy’ comes from a Greek word meaning ‘to take hold of’—hence the use of ‘seizure’ to describe its effects. Epilepsy may also be looked upon as a tendency to have repeated seizure. The seizures are an outward, visible sign that a part of the brain is not working as it should. Its activity of transmitting and receiving electrical and chemical messages becomes disrupted.

The neurons (nerve cells) that carry messages around to different parts of the brain send them in a different order, or too strongly (excessive discharge). This results in the child having a seizure. The way in which a seizure affects what someone says, does or feel depends on where in the brain the problem is and how far the disruption spreads. A seizure can start by affecting one part of the brain and then spread to another part or even go on to affect the whole brain. This is why people can experience different types of seizure, lasting from a few seconds to several minutes.

Having epilepsy does not mean you are mentally ill or automatically have difficulties in learning, or have to take medicines for the rest of your life. Nor does it mean that if epilepsy happens in childhood it will stay with the child into adulthood. A substantial number of children grow out of their seizures as they enter adulthood; others may not encounter epilepsy until adolescence. Having epilepsy does not necessarily mean the child cannot live the way his or her friends live, or share in the same activities. Support arrangements may be needed in order for this to happen.

While living with epilepsy is not easy, we actively encourage those involved with the child, and indeed the children themselves, do develop a positive attitude to their condition—looking at what it enables them to participate in and taking control of it, rather than viewing it as an illness or disabling condition that will blight the rest of their lives.

Parents often ask why their child has epilepsy and seem surprised when the doctor cannot given them a definite answer. This is because despite having carried out a range of diagnostic tests, which may include blood tests and brain scans of various kinds, taken a careful case history and looked at the electrical activity in the child’s brain with an EEG (electroencephalogram), in up to 75% of question. Children with this type of epilepsy are often described as having idiopathic epilepsies—where the cause is not known.

Most common causes of epilepsy

  • An infection in the brain, e.g. meningitis or encephalitis
  • Head injury
  • If the brain is starved of oxygen, e.g. before or at birth
  • Part of a metabolic disorder
  • The way the child’s brain developed before birth
  • Recreational drugs or alcohol
  • Brain tumors
  • Part of an inherited condition, e.g. tuberous sclerosis, Rettsyndrome, Angelman syndrome, Sturge-Weber syndrome, Fragile X syndrome, neurofibromatosis and Down’s syndrome. (These syndromes all have websites where you can access more detailed and up to date information on the specific aspects.)

At least 10% of children have a positive family history of seizure occurring with fever under the age of 5 years (febrile convulsion). However, the presence of such seizures (or convulsions) does not mean the child will necessarily go on to develop full- blown epilepsy.

(Gill Parkinson, Mike Johnson: Epilepsy; 2006; 2-4)

Symptoms of epilepsy

  • Convulsion without fever
  • Intermittent fainting spells
  • Loss of bladder and bowel control during fainting spells
  • Extreme weakness and fatigue after attack
    • Sudden stiffness
    • Confusion of memory
    • Sudden bouts of blinking and chewing without any obvious cause or stimuli
    • Changes in sense of smell, touch and sound
    • Jerking of body, arms and legs.

Diagnosis of epilepsy

History

Age of onset – (A) infancy – metabolic disturbances associated with febrile illness, epilepsy, congenital diplegia, congenital hemiplagia and cerebral damage resulting from birth injury.

(B) Childhood – any of the congenital or acquired lesions above mentioned. Idiopathic epilepsy, encephalitis.

(C) Adult life – idiopathic epilepsy rarely begins after age of 25. Penetrating head injury involving meninges, intracranial tumor, cysticercosis.

(D) After 50 – epilepsy most often due to cerebral arteriosclerosis. Other causes SUCH AS Stokes-Adams attacks, and spontaneous hypoglycemia.

Description of fit from witness or family

Circumstances under which fit occurs

Family history – fits which cause sudden loss of conscious with falling, followed by some confusion should be classified as grand mal

History of febrile convulsions in children

Examination

  • Presence of neurological signs (e.g. dysphasia, hemiparesis, field defect , may localize a structural lesion.
  • Learning disability may suggest a chromosomal disorder.
  • Progressive features (e.g. dementia, ataxia) suggest a neurodegenerative disease
  • A cardiovascular examination is essential. The pupils may dilate during seizure.

Investigations

Confirming the diagnosis

  • EEG – is of value in establishing the diagnosis of epilepsy and an aid in determining the type of seizure.
  • EEG telemetry – in the form of ambulatory recording or video telemetry may be necessary if diagnosis is in doubt despite apparently frequent seizure.
  • Further investigations – may be necessary. Hypoglycemia needs to be ruled out, particularly in patient6 with early morning seizures.
  • Investigating the cause – MRI provides reliable diagnosis of hippocampal sclerosis, cortical dysgenesis and small foreign tissue lesions.

Epilepsy treatment

Epilepsy treatment entirely depends upon cause and medical condition.

Epilepsy treatment with homeopathy – Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach.

This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat epilepsy but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several medicines are available for epilepsy treatment that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensation and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. Some important remedies are given below for epilepsy treatment:

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4 Comments

  • Hello
    I am ethar from beirut lenanon

    Mother of a 1 year old boy who is been having seizers since his 8th month.
    He was diagnosed as West syndrome.
    Please advice and help.
    And if there is any homeopathic clinic in Lebanon.
    What shall I do?
    Please help

  • Hope you are doing good, I saw your contact on web and would like to share our situation with you. Please see if you can suggest us on this:

    Baby
    DOB : 14-JAN-2012
    Birth Type : Cesarean
    Situation at birth : Cried normally and everything was normal
    Post 5 days: Baby started crying heavily, 6th day we observed some kind of attack eyes rolled upwards and then after few seconds suddenly she was normal. We were clueless and ran to doctor multiple times not knowing we are going to face in future. After few days she again got an attack, this time we felt like we lost the baby. But, we were lucky enough to get her the medication done at the earliest. After one month of treatment, she was discharged from hospital. Things were still normal to this point.

    After 9 months, though she completed all the milestones, we observed she is not willing to speak and see. We again ran after the doctors in PGI – Lucknow, Fatima Hospital Lucknow, PnK Clinic – Lucknow followed by lot number of tests. None of them revealed what our baby was going through. During this period, she also started getting fits wherein she used to lean forward for some time. Initially frequency of these fits was too low, but gradually frequency increased and duration also increased.

    Then we took her to Chandigarh – PGI, they confirmed she is having Brain Damage and is suffering from West Syndrome/Epilepsy (not confirmed by them but it was any of the two). She was being treated with medicines like ACTH, Valpex, Valperine etc. but none helped. Then finally doctor suggested for Ketogenic diet. We consulted the dietician and started feeding her only Ketogenic diet. Fits went off, but after 4 – 5 days, baby stopped eating food and was cying like hell all the time. We got in touch with doctor, but none helped. Finally we took a call to stop Ketogenic diet as we thought atleast baby will be alive than loosing her.

    Then we went back to Noor Manjil – Lucknow, where we met Psychiatrist for babies. He suggested, too many delta waves are generating in brain. Ohhh, BTW till this time after stopping Ketogenic diet, fits started coming up again and new kind of seizures/pain started which repeated itself after around 10 days and will last for around 5 – 7 days. During this period, baby will keep on crying day & night and we were left with no other option than to see all this happening. So, then doctor suggested us medicines like Valance Solution, Residone, Levera etc. Post this, fits and crying after 10 days continued, but baby was more comfortable than before.

    While this medication was going on, we thought of admitting her to special child school in Chandigarh – RIMS. There as part of the process, we had to consult a psychiatrist, doctor said get away from Residone and start giving her Cloba – 5mg. We gave these to her for around 2 weeks and yes we also started with Ayurveda medicines in the meantime, that eradicated the daily fits. But, we were waiting for crying period and to see the effect. After 2 weeks she again started crying but this time too heavily, even we who are habitual of seeing all these things now got scared. We stopped cloba and started giving Residone again, but this time that crying period is not getting over.

    We are not sure and totally confused, what is happening and who can help us out here.

    Please provide pointers, if you can help.

    Thanks & Regards,
    Puneet

    • Dear punit. go on
      You tube
      /rajiv dixit/
      epilepsy ya mirgi ka permanent treatment by Ayurveda …
      test only one time ..
      Beacause. Iss medicine se kewal 3 ya 4 mahino me aaraam mil sakta hai ..

  • Doctor I am from Punjab,india
    Doctor I am sufferingfering from epilepsy problem from around 8-9 years. I am 24 Years old. now I am not weak but after birth I was very weak and ill.
    I covered very much in fever from birth .
    Now doctor always suggests and ignore me but I am suffering from.
    In 8-9 years I have only 4-5 massive attacks . My main problem is when my medicines stop. Please help me….

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