Vasculitis includes a broad spectrum of disorders characterized by inflammation and necrosis of blood vessels. Its clinical effects depend on the vessels involved and reflect tissue ischemia caused by blood flow obstruction. The prognosis also varies. For example, hypersensitivity Vasculitis is usually a benign disorders limited to the skin, but more extensive polyateritis nodosa can be rapidly fatal. Vasculitis can occur at any age, except for mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome, which occurs only during childhood. Vasculitis may be a primary disorders or occur secondary to other disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus.
Causes of Vasculitis
The causes of Vasculitis are unknown, while infection with bacteria, viruses or fungi can cause Vasculitis, the majority of cases are the result of an immune reaction. As a result of an unknown stimulus the immune system becomes hyperactive and leads to inflammations in different body tissues including blood vessels. This in turn will lead to narrowing of the affected blood vessels.
Vasculitis may be localized or systemic. Many organs and different parts of the body may be affected. Thus, many different symptoms may occur as a result of Vasculitis, depending on the severity of the tissue damage and what tissues involved. The lack of blood may cause necrosis, thrombosis or an aneurysm.
Presentation affecting one or more organ system:
- Skin: splinter hemorrhages, nail-fold infract, petechiae, purpura, livedo reticularis.
- Respiratory: cough, haemoptysis, breathlessness, pulmonary infilteration, sinusitis.
- Renal: haematuria, proteinuria, hypertension, acute renal failure.
- Neurological: multiple mononeuropathy, sensorimotor polyneuropathy, confusion, fits, hemiplagia, meningoencephalitis.
- Musculoskeletal: arthralgias, arthritis, myalgia.
- Generalized: pyrexia of unknown origin, weight loss, malaise.
Diagnosis of Vasculitis
The diagnosis of vaculitis is mainly depends upon biopsy of involved tissue demonstrates the pattern of blood vessel inflammation.
Tissues from skin, nerve, lungs, sinuses, and kidneys are mainly taken. X-ray blood vessels or angiogram is done as an alternative of biopsy.
Homeopathic treatment for Vasculitis
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat Vasculitis but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat Vasculitis that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of Vasculitis:
Arsenic, Echinacea Angustifolia, Calcaria Carb, Kali Iod, Lachesis, Natrum Iod, Secale Cor, Histaminum, Sulfanilamidum, and many other medicines.