Our plant doctors Radko Tichavshy, Mark Moodie and Pawan Singhania weigh in on your plant problems.
Radko TIchavsky Mark Moodie Pawan Singhania
Radko Tichavsky is a Czech born Mexican Agrohomeopath. He is a co-founder and director of Instituto Comenius in Mexico and author of Handbook of Agrohomeopathy, 2007 (Spanish) and Homeopathy for Plants, 2009 (Spanish) and creator and teacher of Holohomeopathy. http://icomenius.edu.mx/index1034.php?lang=esp El 04/12/2014, a las 15:36, Radko Tichavsky email@example.com
Mark Moodie hosts the website Considera which provides a growing M.M and Repertory for plants and discusses resources for biodynamics and Agrohomeopathy http://considera.org/hrxmatmed.html The website allows the world community to contribute their experiences in planting.
Radko Tichavskyi is now offering a one semester virtual course in Agrohomeopathy (in English). You can learn how to define and analyze holons and how to repertorize the specific homeopathic treatment beyond just disease or pest names. You can find out more here: www.icomenius.edu.mx
We have an organic farm in which we grow citrus fruits, papaya, curry leaves and drumsticks along with rice and lentils. Our farm is in Andhra Pradesh in India. We use only cow dung, urine, milk and curd in our farm as manure. Our citrus fruits are small in size and less juicy. Can you please tell me what to use to make them bigger and tastier?
Urine and cow dung are rich in nitrogen which mainly determines the growth of the leaves, but reduces the size and taste of the fruits. The important nutrient to determine the size of fruit is potassium. You can liquefy leaves or banana peels, dilute it 1:20 with water and apply on leaves and in irrigation. It is also very useful to prepare liquefied carrots in one liter of water and diluted in 100 liters, then 100 turns are made with a wooden stick, and diluted in proportion 1:20 and applied to foliage and in irrigation.
As for the taste of the fruit, it is important to measure routinely the refractometry of fruit. For example, in oranges it should be at least above 12 Brix and ideally about 20 Brix. Refractometry indicates not only the content of sugars in the fruit but also the minerals in general, which is what determines intensity of flavor.
To increase refractometry you have to apply soil nosode 6 CH and reduce the application of animal products, such as urine and cow dung, replacing it with for example, macerated leaf of Ricinus communis applied diluted with water in the proportion of 1:20 in irrigation, or increase the nitrogen by adding compost. The application of rock flour diluted in water in doses of 300 kg per hectare also helps remineralize soil and plants.
The constitutional remedy of citrus plants is Apium graveolens, the mother tincture having been made with all the plant (seeds, roots and leaves) and you can apply it at 6 CH potency twice a month. To stimulate the creation of essential oils in the citrus you additionally use Salvia officinalis 6 CH, Rosmarinus officinalis 6 CH and Zingiber officinalis 6 CH.
I have a ten acre wheat crop and I’m practicing homeopathy in agriculture. I treated my wheat seeds with Silica 6X and after 27 days I also sprayed Silica before watering. Growth is excellent but my wheat plants are turning yellow as they require Nitrogen. Is there some way to supply Nitrogen to my wheat plants by homeopathic remedies?
I live in a village 25 Km South of the city of Saharanpur. Saharanpur district is the northernmost of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state, India. Climate conditions are 12-27C° temperature with rainfall 990.5mm. I have Populus trees around the wheat crop within a distance of 6 ft. Nearby my crops are sugarcane crop towards east and south and wheat toward the north.
Zul Ma’Aarif MD
Dear Zul Maarif,
Recognizing the deficiencies or toxicities in wheat is extremely difficult without laboratory analysis. For example, Nitrogen deficiency in the crop is frequently confused with the Sulphur deficiency and Silicia is an antagonistic element to the Sulphur. Repeated applications of Silicea especially in soils with low content of organic matter can thus produce a “nitrogen deficiency-like” effect.Sulphur is itself an important nutritional component of wheat (a plant with the metabolic pathway known as C3) and it facilitates bioavailability of nitrogen. I checked a couple of analyses of soil nutrient deficiencies in Saharanpur district and 40% of them are deficient in sulfur. Summarizing I would suggest to reduce the number of applications of Silicea to two, or maximum three applications, and apply Sulphur 6 CH alternated every two weeks with Salix alba 6 CH or even better with Populus sp. 6 CH which is already present in your holon.
Dear Mr. Tichavsky,
We had an infestation of the insect Thrips last summer. They damaged our small crop of tomatoes, squash and beans. They suck juices from the plants, and the leaves become pale, silvery and then die. We read that the adults and pupae overwinter in garden soil. In spring, newly emerged females insert eggs into the tissues of flowers, leaves or stems. There are various toxic sprays, but we don’t want to use those. Is there a safer way to deal with this pest?
We live in Great Falls Virginia (U.S.) which has moderate temperature and rainfall. The zip code is 22066.
Thrips infestations are due to several factors: climate change, the presence of ozone at ground level (which reduces plant defenses), too much nitrogen in the soil and in plants (which produces soft tissue susceptible to sucking insects), and the resulting calcium deficiencies (which determines the skeletal structure and hardness of the epidermis of the plant) and which in turn produce other nutritional deficiencies in the soil and in plants.
Possible solutions are:
1. Reduce nitrogen in crops (do not use synthetic nitrogen fertilizers or animal types because they produce excesses of N in leaves and attract thrips).
2. Apply Calcarea carbonica 6 CH spray once a week to strengthen the hardness of the epidermis of their crops.
3. Apply Sapindus saponaria ( “wingleaf soapberry”), you can find the tree easily and the mother tincture is made from the seeds. Apply a spray of the 6 CH with a little olive oil as an adjuvant.
4.Once or twice a month apply tea-compost, sprayed on the leaves of your crops.
Good day Radko,
As an agronomist working in South Africa, I recently started using homeopathy on plants with variable success on farms. I enjoy your column and the books of Maute and Kaviraj. The one problem I am still trying to solve, is the dosage rate per hectare, as I don’t want to apply too little or too much. Does the potency of a product determine the dosage rate? I find literature mentioning 6-8 globules in 30L water (30C), or 20 drops/20L water (6X), or 500ml/500L water (6X) per hectare. Is it the concentration that matters or the amount per hectare, and should I treat a hectare of 100 pecan nut trees the same as a hectare of 70,000 maize plants? As soil applied via irrigation systems, does the volume of water have impact on efficacy? And then, can I add a water buffer or sticker when using homeopathic medicine when foliar applied to increase uptake, or will it influence the efficiency, as farmers apply only about 250L water/ha.
Peter Goede (BSc Hons Dipl Terr Eval) – Biologiese plantvoedings spesialis / Biological nutrient specialist.
To determine the dose of homeopathic remedy application in large scale agriculture, it is very important to focus on revitalizing of all the holon, not only accounting for the plant’s density or size. All plants live in communities and ultimately our patient is the complete holon (vital community), not a single plant nor a group of economically targeted plants.
First we take satellite photos and process them, then take refractometry and voltammetry measurements and chromatography of plants and soil to determine degrees of vitality and fragmentation in the holon. For stable results on large scale agriculture treated with homeopathy, it is required to know how to prepare homeopathy from the resources which are present in the holon (lichens, native micorganisms, mushrooms, wild plants, insects, animals). These resources will determine the polychrests of the holon, and they will not necessarily have similarity or coincidence with human polychrests from the agrohomeopathic repertories you mentioned.
You have to know how to determine a simillimum for a specific crop. Treating Fusarium in tomatos is not the same as in cucumbers, as the homeopathic remedies will be different. For instance, using Silicea for undetermined fungosis in every plant, makes little sense in my point of view, and shows very unstable results.
Also, it is important to know how to prepare and manage large quantities of remedy and how apply it in an economically feasible way and compatible with the agricultural industry requirements and homeopathic philosophy. In this regard the large-scale agricultural work with homeopathy is different, and has little to do with anthropocentric or plant centered focused homeopathy repertories. The mere presence of a large number of plants of the same specimen in the holon brings different strengths and dynamics in the holon, increased pressure from pests and diseases, and even this pressure is determined by the availability of food and the biodiversity or rionts in the rest of the holon. This is one of the reasons why the approach centered in the plant, results in small-scale or laboratory success, but has too much variability and uncertainty on a larger scale.
In my experience, only by defining the holon as a patient and repertorizing the full holon, can one be ensured a stable result for homeopathic treatment. We have recently checked it in habanero pepper, khakis and apple crops on a large scale.
Concerning of your question about the dosage (amount of remedy) this is not directly dependent on the potency of the homeopathic remedy, but rather it has to do with the size of plants or trees and planting density or the type culture and other aspects. To determine the amount and mode of application in such trees, we take into account the size and stage of life, whether it is winter, spring, summer or fall, and whether the trees are bearing fruit or have a specific life problem. For example, in the case of retention of water and fungal diseases you will have to apply less water and add some adjuvants such as vegetable oil, slime of Opuntia ficus-indica or gel of Aloe vera. In other cases it will be necessary to apply homeopathy within talc, kaolin, flour of rock or rice husks as a carrier, or by means of steam or smoke.
Homeopathic posology traditionally distinguishes 3 variables: amount of the remedy, frequency of applications and potency of the remedies. However the holohomeopathic dosage also adds the vehicle (water, steam, dust, vapor or smoke), mode application (irrigation drip, foliar micro, injection, dusting, or application mediated by insect or other vectors). Considering that some crops prefer one type of application and may not like others, I will take into account also the position of the moon, as the capillary variation during the different phases of the moon intensifies the vitality of the root portion or the aerial part and this modifies the absorption capacity of the remedies.
As for the preparation of remedies, this concerns the first principle that dilution should not lose the continuity of the chosen steps if using centesimal potencies, of 1: 100. That is, if you want to prepare 10, 000 liters of 6 CH you need 100 liters of 5 CH and 1 liter of 4 CH and 10 ml 3 CH. You should not miss this sequence. Little or nothing will happen if you apply 10 ml 3 CH directly at 10 000 liters of water without the gradual process of gradual dilution and phased succussion . In the large-scale application through irrigation, you can use a venturi dispenser (usually it makes a dilution of 1:100) In this case in the feeder container with homeopathy you would have 100 liters of 5 CH for metering using the venturi 10, 000 liters resulting in 6CH for example. In 1 liter bottle the succussions are performed conventionally. The succussions in the feeder of 100 liters are made through 100 laps in both directions, completed with a wooden stick achieving a kind of vortex in the container. Regarding the venturi, this alone takes care of performing sufficient succussion movements.
As a general consideration, the application of homeopathy through foliar microspraying presents faster visible results and is used to quickly correct the critical path of the crop; the application in irrigation is slower but has more profound effects.
As for buffers and stickers, I use and recommend to use only natural substances: slime of Opuntia ficus-indica or gel of Aloe vera, vegetable oils, or hydrolats (hydrosols ) of some plants.