Epistaxis, commonly known as a nosebleed, may be a primary disorder or may occur secondary to another condition. Such bleeding in children generally originates in the anterior nasal septum and tends to be mild. In adults, such as bleeding is most likely to originate in the posterior septum and can be severe enough to warrant nasal packing. Epistaxis is twice common in children as in adults.
Aetiology of Epistaxis
- Foreign body
- Blood diseases (leukemia)
- Hereditary hemorrhagic telanglectasia
Sign and symptoms of Epistaxis
- Blood oozing from the nostril. If the broken vessel is close to the nostril, the blood is bright red. If the broken vessel is deeper in the nose, the blood may be bright or dark red.
- Lightheadedness from a large amount of blood loss
- Rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, and pallor (with significant blood loss only).
- Black stool from swallowed blood.
Homeopathic treatment of Epistaxis
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat epis taxis but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat epis taxis that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of epis taxis:
Agaricus – Epistaxis in old people; from overexertion; bleeding is of passive character; blood comes out when blowing.
Ammonium carb – nose bleeds when washing the face; Epistaxis with dry coryza; after repeated sneezing; blood rushes to tip of nose when stooping.
Arnica Montana – Epistaxis preceded by tingling; copious after every exertion; discharge of several drops of thin blood from nose on first blowing it in the morning; blood is bright red mixed with colts; bruised feeling remains after discharge of blood.
Bryonia – Epistaxis in the morning after rising, less often during day time; some times during sleep; vicarious menstruation.
Carbo veg – excellent remedy for nosebleed; especially in the morning and forenoon; great paleness of face after bleeding.
Calcaria carb – tendency to blockage of the nose with a fetid yellow discharge; offensive odor and swelling of at the root of the nose associated with Epistaxis.
Crocus Sativus – Epistaxis; blood dark, clotted with strings hanging down from the nose
Ferrum phos – after the predisposition of cold Epistaxis starts with bright red blood.
Hamamelis – fullness followed by Epistaxis and profuse bleeding from the nose; flow is passive and non coaguable with tightness at the bridge of the nose.
Melilotus – Epistaxis with intense redness of the face
Natrum Sulph – Epistaxis before, during, and after menses.
Merc sol – painful swelling of nose; frequent and profuse Epistaxis
Vipera – chronic bleeding even the lifelong Epistaxis is cured by this remedy; considered as a specific remedy for Epistaxis.
Ipecauc – blood is bright red and nausea is usually accompanied.
Phosphorous – nosebleed while straining at stool or early in the morning in tall, slim girls at the age of puberty; severe Epistaxis during diphtheria, following detachment of the membrane from the nose; profuse bleeding from nose, often accompanied by profuse sweat; bloody streaks in the nasal mucosa
Pulsatilla – nose bleed from suppressed menses; blood partly fluid and partly clotted, intermitting in intensity, aggravation by going in to a warm room or in a recumbent position. Epistaxis with coryza in anemic women whose courses are scanty, late or suppressed
Zincum met – Epistaxis for a short time on blowing nose, after dinner, followed by stupefaction of forehead, as from apoplexy, with swimming of objects before eyes; frequent blowing of blood from nose.
Muriatic acid – bleeding from nose when suffering from typhoid, scarlet fever; patient becomes weak due to great prostration.